The War on Terror, cried the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) an aa, is a term commonly applee'd tae an internaitional militar campaign which stairtit as a result o the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the Unitit States. This resultit in an internaitional militar campaign tae eliminate al-Qaeda an ither militant organisations. The Unitit Kinrick an mony ither NATO an non-NATO naitions sic as Pakistan pairticipate in the conflict.[1]

War on Terror

Clockwise frae tap left: Eftermath o the 11 September attacks; American infantry in Afghanistan; an American sauldier an Afghan interpreter in Zabul Province, Afghanistan; explosion o an Iraqi car bomb in Baghdad
Date7 October 2001 – 30 August 2021
(22 years, 8 months, 1 week and 4 days) Origins date tae the 1980s.
LocationGlobal (esp. Middle East, pairts o Asia an Africae, Europe an North Americae)

War in Afghanistan (2001–present):

Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen

  • Ongangin insurgency
  • Drone strikes bein conductit bi CIA

Iraq War (2003–2011):

War in North-Wast Pakistan (2004–present):

  • Ongangin insurgency
  • Lairge pairt o FATA unner Taliban control
  • Shiftin public support for the Pakistani govrenment
  • Drone strikes bein conductit bi CIA



NATO participants:  NATO

Non-NATO parteecipants:

Internaitional missions *:

(* note: maist contreibutin naitions are includit in the internaitional operations)

Main targets:

Commanders an leaders

United States Gen. Tommy Franks (CENTCOM commander 2001–2003),
United States Gen. John Abizaid (CENTCOM commander 2003–2007),
United States Adm. William J. Fallon (CENTCOM commander 2007–2008),
United States Gen. David Petraeus (CENTCOM commander 2008–2010, ISAF commander 2010–2011),
United States Gen. James Mattis (CENTCOM commander 2010–present),
United States Gen. Dan K. McNeill (ISAF commander 2007–2008),
United States Gen. David D. McKiernan (ISAF commander 2008–2009),
United States Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal (ISAF commander 2009–2010)

United States Gen. John R. Allen (ISAF commander 2011–present)
Gen. Pervez Musharraf (umwhile airmy chief)
Lt Gen. Ahmad Shuja Pasha (umwhile DG ISI)
Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani (current airmy chief)
Lt Gen. Zaheerul Islam (DG ISI)
Mohammed Omar
Baitullah Mehsud  
Mullah Dadullah  
Osama bin Laden  
Ayman al-Zawahiri
Hakimullah Mehsud  
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi  
Abu Ayyub al-Masri  
Anwar al-Awlaki  
Moktar Ali Zubeyr
Nasir al-Wuhayshi
Abu Musab Abdel Wadoud


  1. ETA "Presidential Address to the Nation" (Press release). The White House. 11 September 2001.