Coordinates: 17°N 4°W / 17°N 4°W / 17; -4

Mali, offeecially the Republic o Mali (French: République du Mali, /ma'li/ ), is a landlocked kintra in Wastren Africae. Mali borders Algerie on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso an the Côte d'Ivoire on the sooth, Guinea on the sooth-wast, an Senegal an Mauritanie on the wast. Its size is juist ower 1,240,000 km² wi a population o 14.5 million. Its caipital is Bamako.

Republic o Mali

Coat o airms o Mali
Coat o airms
Motto: "Un peuple, un but, une foi" (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
"Ane fowk, ane goal, ane faith"
AnthemLe Mali  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)[1]
Location o  Mali  (green)
Location o  Mali  (green)
Location o Mali
and largest city
12°39′N 8°0′W / 12.650°N 8.000°W / 12.650; -8.000
Offeecial leidsFrench
Naitional leids
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Assimi Goïta
Choguel Kokalla Maïga
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
• frae Francea
20 Juin 1960
• as Mali
22 September 1960
• Total
1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi) (23rd)
• Water (%)
• April 2009 census
14,517,176[2] (67t)
• Density
11.7/km2 (30.3/sq mi) (215t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$40.909 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$15.172 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2010)33.0[4]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.442[5]
law · 175t
CurrencyWast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sideright[6]
Cawin code+223
ISO 3166 codeML
Territorial Organization

Mali consists o aicht regions an its borders on the north reach deep intae the middle o the Sahara, while the kintra's soothren region, whaur the majority o indwallers live, features the Niger an Sénégal rivers. The kintra's economic structur centres aroond agricultur an fishin. Some o Mali's naitural resoorces include gowd, uranium, an saut.

Present-day Mali wis ance pairt o three Wast African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (frae which Mali is named), an the Songhai Empire. In the late 19t century, durin the Scramble for Africae, Fraunce seized control o Mali makin it a pairt o French Sudan. French Sudan (then kent as the Sudanese Republic) gained unthirldom in 1959 wi Senegal, as the Mali Federation. A year later, follaein Senegal's athdrawal frae the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itsel the independent Republic o Mali. Efter a lang period o ane-pairty rule, a 1991 coup led tae the writin o a new constitution an the establishment o Mali as a democratic, multi-pairty state. Aboot hauf the population live belaw the internaitional poverty line o US$1.25 a day.[7]


  1. Presidency of Mali: Symboles de la République, L'Hymne National du Mali. Retrieved 4 Mey 2012.
  2. "Mali preliminary 2009 census". Institut National de la Statistique. Archived frae the original on 18 Apryle 2010. Retrieved 12 Januar 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. a b c d "Mali". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 Apryle 2012.
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  6. Which side of the road do they drive on? Brian Lucas. August 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  7. Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009