Blaise Pascal wis a French mathematician, pheesicist, inventor, writer an Christian filosofer. He wis a child prodigy that wis eddicated bi his faither, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest wark wis in the naitural an applee'd sciences whaur he made important contreibutions tae the study o fluids, an clarified the concepts o pressur an vacuum bi generalisin the wark o Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal an aw wrote in defence o the scienteefic method.
In 1642, while still a teenager, he stairted some pioneerin wark on calculatin machines. Efter three years o effort an 50 prototeeps, he biggit 20 finished machines (cried Pascal's calculators an later Pascalines) ower the follaein 10 years, establishin him as ane o the first twa inventors o the mechanical calculator.
- Brazil's Naitional Institute for Space Resairch annoonces that it haes detectit mair nor 39,000 wildfires in the Amazon rainforest syne Januar.
- At least 80 fowk are killt an 160 ithers injured in a bombin at a waddin in Kabul, Afghanistan.
- Aw 233 fowk on buird Ural Airlines Flicht 178 (aircraft picturt) survive a crash follaein bird strikes in baith ingines o an Airbus A321.
- Typhoon Lekima impacts the Philippines, the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan an East Cheenae, killin at least 80 fowk.
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- 79 AD – The tradeetional date statit that Munt Vesuvius eruptit, in which the ceeties o Pompeii, Herculaneum, an Stabiae were buiried in volcanic ess.
- 1456 – The prentin o the Gutenberg Bible is completit.
- 1814 – Breetish truips invade Washington, D.C. an in the Birnin o Washington the White House, the Capitol an mony ither biggins are set ableize.
- 1944 – Warld War II: Allied truips begin the attack on Paris.
- 1954 – Getúlio Vargas (picturt), preses o Brazil, commits suicide an is succeedit bi João Café Filho.