Computer science

scienteefic an practical approach tae computation an its applications

Computer science (abbreviatit CS or CompSci) is the scienteefic an practical approach tae computation an its applications. It is the systematic stiddy o the feasibility, structur, expression, an mechanization o the methodical proceedurs (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representacioun, procesin, storage, communicaition o, an access tae information, whethir such information is encodit as bits in a computer memory or transcribit in genes an protein structurs in a biological cell.[1] An alternate, mair succinct definition o computer science is the study o automatin algorithmic processes that scale. A computer scientist specializes in the theorie a computation an the design o computational systems.[2]

Its subfields can be dividit intae a varietie o theoretical an practical disciplines. Some fields, such as computational complexitie theorie (which exploires the fundamental properties o computational an intractable problams), are hielie abstract, while fields such as computer graphics emphasize real-world visual applications. Still other fields focus on the challenges in implementin computation. Fer example, programming leid theorie considers various approaches tae the description o computation, while the stiddy o computer programmin itsel investigates various aspects o the use o programmin leid an complex systems. Human–computer interaction considers the challenges in makkin computers an computations usefull, uisable, an universally accessible tae humans.

Areas relatit tae computer scienceEedit

Further readinEedit

  • Knuth, Donald E. (1996). Selected Papers on Computer Science. CSLI Publications, Cambridge University Press.
  • Collier, Bruce (1990). The little engine that could've: The calculating machines of Charles Babbage. Garland Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-0-8240-0043-1.
  • Cohen, Bernard (2000). Howard Aiken, Portrait of a computer pioneer. The MIT press. ISBN 978-0-262-53179-5.
  • Tedre, Matti (2014). The Science of Computing: Shaping a Discipline. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis.
  • Randell, Brian (1973). The origins of Digital computers, Selected Papers. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-540-06169-4.
  • Peter J. Denning. Is computer science science?, Communications of the ACM, April 2005.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "What is Computer Science?" (PDF). Boston University Department of Computer Science. Spring 2003. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  2. "WordNet Search - 3.1". Wordnetweb.princeton.edu. Retrieved 2012-05-14.

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OthersEedit