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Coordinates: 20°N 12°W / 20°N 12°W / 20; -12

Islamic Republic o Mauritanie
الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République islamique de Mauritanie  (French)
Motto: شرف إخاء عدل (Arabic)
"Honor, Fraternity, Juistice"
Anthem: نشيد وطني موريتاني
(Scots: "Naitional anthem o Mauritanie")
Location of Mauritania (green) in Africae
Location of Mauritania (green) in Africae
Location o Mauritanie
and largest city
18°09′N 15°58′W / 18.150°N 15.967°W / 18.150; -15.967
Offeecial leids Arabica
Recognised naitional languages
Ither leids French[1]
Zenaga Berber
Releegion Islam
Demonym Mauritanian
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential Islamic republic
• Preses
Mohamed Ould Abdel Azizb
Yahya Ould Hademineb
Legislatur Pairlament
Naitional Assemmly
• from Fraunce
28 November 1960
12 Julie 1991
• Total
1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi)[2] (28t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2013 census
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$17.421 billion[4] (134th)
• Per capita
$4,488[4] (140t)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$5.063 billion[4] (154t)
• Per capita
$1,304[4] (149t)
Gini (2008) 40.5[5]
HDI (2015) Steady 0.513[6]
law · 157t
Currency Ouguiya (MRO)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +222
ISO 3166 code MR
Internet TLD .mr
  1. Accordin tae Airticle 6 o the Constitution: "The naitional leids are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, an Wolof; the offeecial leid is Arabic."
  2. Nae recognised internaitionally (see main airticle).

Mauritanie (Arabic: موريتانيا‎ Mūrītāniyā; Wolof: Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; French: Mauritanie), offeecially the Islamic Republic o Mauritanie, is a kintra in North Africae. It is bordered bi the Atlantic Ocean in the wast, bi Wastren Sahara in the north, bi Algerie in the northeast, bi Mali in the east an sootheast, an bi Senegal in the soothwast. It is named efter the Roman province o Mauretanie, even tho the modren state covers a territory far tae the soothwest o the auld province. The caipital an lairgest ceety is Nouakchott, locatit on the Atlantic coast.


  1. "États généraux de l'Éducation nationale en Mauritanie". Le Quotidien de Nouakchott. 13 November 2011. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 April 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "1: Répartition spatiale de la population" (PDF). Recensement Général de la Population et de l’Habitat (RGPH) 2013 (Report) (in French). National Statistical Office of Mauritania. July 2015. p. v. Retrieved 20 December 2015. [deid airtin]
  3. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Mauritania". International Monetary Fund. 
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.