Coordinates: 13°N 2°W / 13°N 2°W / 13; -2

Burkina Faso (/bərˌkiːnə ˈfɑːsoʊ/ ( listen) bər-KEE-nə FAH-soh; French: [byʁkina faso]) – an aa kent bi its short-form name Burkina – is a landlocked kintra in Wast Africae. It is surroondit bi sax kintras: Mali tae the north, Niger tae the east, Benin tae the sootheast, Togo an Ghana tae the sooth, an Côte d'Ivoire tae the soothwast.

Burkina Faso

Motto: "Unité–Progrès–Justice" (French)
AnthemUne Seule Nuit / Ditanyè  (French)
Ane Single Nicht / Hime o Veectory

Location o  Burkina Faso  (daurk blue) – in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray) – in the African Union  (licht blue)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Burkina Faso  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
12°20′N 1°40′W / 12.333°N 1.667°W / 12.333; -1.667
Offeecial leidsFrench
Recognised naitional leidsMòoré
Ethnic groups
  • Burkinabé
  • Burkinabè
  • Burkinabe
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
Sidsoré Kader Ouédraogo
Albert Ouédraogo
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
• frae Fraunce
5 August 1960
• Total
274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi) (74th)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
21,510,181[2] (58th)
• 2006 census
• Density
64/km2 (165.8/sq mi) (137th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$45.339 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Tot
$16.226 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2020)Steady 38.9[4]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.452[5]
law · 182nd
CurrencyWast African CFA franc[6] (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+226
ISO 3166 codeBF
The data here is an estimation for the year 2005 produced by the International Monetary Fund in April 2005.
Territorial Organization
Territorial Organization 2
Territorial Organization 3

Its size is 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) wi an estimatit population o mair nor 15,757,000. Umwhile cawed the Republic o Upper Volta, it wis renamed on August 4, 1984, bi Preses Thomas Sankara tae mean "the land o upricht fowk" in Mòoré an Dioula, the major native leids o the kintra. Figuratively, "Burkina" mey be translatit, "men o integrity," frae the Mòoré leid, an "Faso" means "faither's hoose" in Dioula. The inhabitants o Burkina Faso are kent as Burkinabè (pronounced /bərˈkiːnəbeɪ/ (deprecatit template) bər-KEE-nə-bay).

Burkina Faso wis populatit early, atween 14,000 an 5000 BC, bi hunter-gatherers in the northwastren pairt o the kintra. Settlements wi farmers appeared atween 3600 an 2600 BC. The central pairt o Burkina Faso includit a number o Mossi kinricks, which became a French protectorate in 1896. Efter gainin independence frae Fraunce in 1960, the kintra unnerwent mony governmental chynges till arrivin at its current form, a semi-presidential republic. The current preses is Blaise Compaoré.

Burkina Faso's caipital is Ouagadougou. It is a member o the African Union, Community o Sahel-Saharan States, La Francophonie, Organization o the Islamic Conference an Economic Community o Wast African States.

References Eedit

  1. André, Géraldine (31 Mey 2007). "École, langues, cultures et développement". Cahiers d’études africaines (in French). 47 (186): 221–247. doi:10.4000/etudesafricaines.6960. ISSN 0008-0055.
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 2016-02-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title". 16 November 2021.
  3. a b "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects".
  4. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived frae the original on 13 Juin 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
  5. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  6. CFA Franc BCEAO. Codes: XOF / 952 ISO 4217 currency names and code elements Archived 7 Apryle 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ISO.