Burkina Faso

Coordinates: 13°N 2°W / 13°N 2°W / 13; -2

Burkina Faso (/bərˌkiːnə ˈfɑːsoʊ/ ( listen) bər-KEE-nə FAH-soh; French: [byʁkina faso]) – an aa kent bi its short-form name Burkina – is a landlocked kintra in Wast Africae. It is surroondit bi sax kintras: Mali tae the north, Niger tae the east, Benin tae the sootheast, Togo an Ghana tae the sooth, an Côte d'Ivoire tae the soothwast.

Burkina Faso

Motto: "Unité–Progrès–Justice" (French)
AnthemUne Seule Nuit / Ditanyè  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Ane Single Nicht / Hime o Veectory

Location o  Burkina Faso  (daurk blue) – in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray) – in the African Union  (licht blue)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Burkina Faso  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
12°20′N 1°40′W / 12.333°N 1.667°W / 12.333; -1.667
Offeecial leidsFrench
Recognised naitional leidsMòoré
Ethnic groups
  • Burkinabé
  • Burkinabè
  • Burkinabe
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Roch Marc Christian Kaboré
Christophe Joseph Marie Dabiré
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
• frae Fraunce
5 August 1960
• Total
274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi) (74t)
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
17,322,796[2] (61st)
• 2006 census
• Density
64/km2 (165.8/sq mi) (145t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$35.598 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$12.258 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2007)39.5[4]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.402[5]
law · 185t
CurrencyWast African CFA franc[6] (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+226
ISO 3166 codeBF
Internet TLD.bf
The data here is an estimation for the year 2005 produced by the International Monetary Fund in April 2005.

Its size is 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) wi an estimatit population o mair nor 15,757,000. Umwhile cawed the Republic o Upper Volta, it wis renamed on August 4, 1984, bi Preses Thomas Sankara tae mean "the land o upricht fowk" in Mòoré an Dioula, the major native leids o the kintra. Figuratively, "Burkina" mey be translatit, "men o integrity," frae the Mòoré leid, an "Faso" means "faither's hoose" in Dioula. The inhabitants o Burkina Faso are kent as Burkinabè (pronounced /bərˈkiːnəbeɪ/ (deprecatit template) bər-KEE-nə-bay).

Burkina Faso wis populatit early, atween 14,000 an 5000 BC, bi hunter-gatherers in the northwastren pairt o the kintra. Settlements wi farmers appeared atween 3600 an 2600 BC. The central pairt o Burkina Faso includit a number o Mossi kinricks, which became a French protectorate in 1896. Efter gainin independence frae Fraunce in 1960, the kintra unnerwent mony governmental chynges till arrivin at its current form, a semi-presidential republic. The current preses is Blaise Compaoré.

Burkina Faso's caipital is Ouagadougou. It is a member o the African Union, Community o Sahel-Saharan States, La Francophonie, Organization o the Islamic Conference an Economic Community o Wast African States.


  1. André, Géraldine (31 Mey 2007). "École, langues, cultures et développement". Cahiers d’études africaines (in French). 47 (186): 221–247. doi:10.4000/etudesafricaines.6960. ISSN 0008-0055.
  2. "Burkina Faso population projection". insd.bf (in French). 2014. Archived frae the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help) "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. a b c d "Burkina Faso". International Monetary Fund.
  4. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  6. CFA Franc BCEAO. Codes: XOF / 952 ISO 4217 currency names and code elements Archived 7 Apryle 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ISO.