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Togo (/ˈtoʊɡoʊ/ ( listen)), kent offeecially as the Togolese Republic, , is a kintra in wast Africae bordered bi Ghana tae the west, Benin tae the east an Burkina Faso tae the north. It extends sooth tae the Gulf o Guinea, on which the caipital Lomé is locatit. Togo covers an aurie o approximately 57000 km2 (22,000 sq mi) wi a population o approximately 6.7 million. Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan naition, heichlie dependent on agricultur, wi a climate that provides guid growin saisons. While the offeecial leid is French, there are mony ither leids spoken in Togo, particularly those o the Gbe family. The lairgest releegious group in Togo are those wi indigenous beliefs, but there are significant Christian an Muslim minorities. Togo is a member o the Unitit Naitions, African Union, Organisation o the Islamic Conference, Sooth Atlantic Peace an Cooperation Zone, La Francophonie an Economic Community o Wast African States.

Togolese Republic

République Togolaise (French)
Coat o airms o Togo
Coat o airms
Motto: "Travail, Liberté, Patrie"[1] (French)
"Work, Liberty, Homeland"
AnthemSalut à toi, pays de nos aïeux  (French)
"Hail tae thee, laund o oor forefaithers"
Location o  Togo  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Togo  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Caipital
and largest city
Lomé
6°7′N 1°13′E / 6.117°N 1.217°E / 6.117; 1.217
Offeecial leidsFrench
Recognised naitional leidsEwe • Kabiyé
Ither leidsMina • Dagomba
Ethnic groups
99% Ewe, Kabye, Tem, Gourma, an 33 ither African groups
1% European, Sirio-Lebanese[2]
Demonym(s)Togolese
GovrenmentUnitar dominant-pairty presidential republic
• Preses
Faure Gnassingbé
Komi Sélom Klassou
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
Unthirldom
• frae Fraunce
27 Apryle 1960
Aurie
• Total
56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi) (123rd)
• Water (%)
4.2
Population
• 2017 estimate
7,965,055[2] (99t)
• 2010 census
5,337,000
• Density
125.9/km2 (326.1/sq mi) (93rde)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$12.433 billion[3] (150t)
• Per capita
$1,468[3]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$4.797 billion[3]
• Per capita
$621[3]
Gini (2011)46[4]
heich
HDI (2015)Increase 0.487[5]
law · 166t
CurrencyWast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+228
ISO 3166 codeTG
Internet TLD.tg
  1. Siv as Ewe, Mina an Aja.
  2. Lairgest are the Ewe, Mina, Kotokoli Tem an Kabre.
  3. Maistly European an Sirian-Lebanese.
  4. Estimates for this kintra expleecitly tak intae accoont the effects o excess mortality due tae AIDS; this can result in lawer life expectancy, heicher infant mortality an daith rates, lawer population an growthe rates, an chynges in the distribution o population bi age an sex nor wad itherwise be expectit.
  5. Rankins based on 2017 feegurs (CIA World Factbook – Togo)

Frae the 11t tae the 16t century, various tribes entered the region frae aw directions. Frae the 16t century tae the 18t century, the coastal region wis a major tradin centre for Europeans in search o slaves, earnin Togo an the surroondin region the name "The Slave Coast". In 1884, Germany declared Togoland a protectorate. Efter Warld War I, rule ower Togo wis transferred tae Fraunce. Togo gained its independence frae Fraunce in 1960.[6] In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup, efter which he became preses. At the time o his daith in 2005, Eyadéma wis the langest-servin leader in modren African history, efter haein been preses for 38 years.[7] In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé wis electit preses.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Constitution of Togo". 2002. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Togo". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Togo". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  6. According to the CIA world fact book on Togo: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/to.html
  7. "Obituary: Gnassingbe Eyadema". (2005, February 5). BBC News. Retrieved May 22, 2007.