Coordinates: 16°N 8°E / 16°N 8°E / 16; 8

Niger (pronoonced /ˈnaɪdʒər/ ( listen) or /niːˈʒɛər/; French pronunciation: ​[niʒɛʁ]), offeecially named the Republic o Niger, is a landlocked kintra in Wastren Africae, named efter the Niger River. It borders Nigerie an Benin tae the sooth, Burkina Faso an Mali tae the wast, Algerie an Libie tae the north an Chad tae the east. Niger covers a land aurie o amaist 1,270,000 km2, ower 80 percent o which is covered bi the Sahara desert. The kintra's predominantly Islamic population o juist abuin 15,000,000 is maistly clustered in the far sooth an wast o the naition. The caipital ceety is Niamey.

Republic o the Niger

  • République du Niger  (French)
  • "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
  • "Fraternity, Wirk, Progress"
Location o  Niger  (daurk green)
Location o  Niger  (daurk green)
Location o Niger
and largest city
13°32′N 2°05′E / 13.533°N 2.083°E / 13.533; 2.083
Offeecial leidsFrench
Naitional leids[1]
Demonym(s)Nigerien /nɪrɪˈɛn/ or /nˈʒɛəriən/ [2][3]
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Mohamed Bazoum
Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
frae Fraunce
• Declared
3 August 1960
• Total
1,267,000 km2 (489,000 sq mi) (21st)
• Water (%)
• Julie 2016 estimate
18,638,600[4] (61st)
• 2012 census
• Density
12.1/km2 (31.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$21.655 billion[5]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Tot
$7.674 billion[5]
• Per capita
Gini (2011)31.5[6]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.348[7]
law · 188t
CurrencyWast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Drivin sidericht[8]
Cawin code+227
ISO 3166 codeNE
Territorial Organization

Niger is a developin kintra. It haes the lawest Human Development Index (HDI) on Yird. Muckle o the non-desert portions o the kintra are threatened bi periodic drocht an desertification. The economy is concentratit aroond subsistence an some export agricultur clustered in the mair fertile sooth, an the export o raw materials—especially uranium ore. Niger remains handicapped bi its landlocked poseetion, desert terrain, poor eddication an poverty o its fowk, lack o infrastructur, poor heal care, an environmental degradation.

Nigerien society reflects a great diversity drawn frae the lang independent histories o its several ethnic groups an regions an thair relatively short period livin in a single state. Historically, wha is nou Niger haes been on the fringes o several lairge states. Syne unthirldom, Nigeriens hae lived unner five constitutions an three periods o militar rule. A majority live in rural auries, an hae little access tae advanced eddication.


  1. République du Niger, "Loi n° 2001-037 du 31 décembre 2001 fixant les modalités de promotion et de développement des langues nationales." L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde (accessed 21 September 2016)
  2. "Merriam-Webster Pronunciation". Retrieved 7 Februar 2015.
  3. "Niger – definition of Niger in English from the Oxford dictionary". Archived frae the original on 8 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 7 Februar 2015.
  4. "The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. 12 Januar 2017. Archived frae the original on 8 Juin 2020. Retrieved 17 Januar 2017. Population: 18,638,600 (July 2016 est.)
  5. a b c d "Niger". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 Apryle 2012.
  6. World Bank GINI index, accessed on January 21, 2016.
  7. "Human Development Report 2015" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. pp. 208–211. Retrieved 23 Februar 2016.
  8. Which side of the road do they drive on? Brian Lucas. August 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2009.