Coordinates: 42°30′N 19°18′E / 42.500°N 19.300°E / 42.500; 19.300

Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора or Crna Gora) is a kintra in Sooth-Eastren Europe. It haes a coast tae the sooth on the Adriatic Sea. It is laund mairched wi Croatie tae the Wast, Bosnie an Herzegovinae tae the North-Wast, Serbie tae the North-East an wi Albanie tae the Sooth-East. Its caipital city is Podgorica. It wis independent frae the meedle ages tae 1918 whan it wis than pairt o aw the different states o the auld Yugoslavie. It syne gaed intae a state union wi Serbie for tae mak the kintra o Serbie an Montenegro. Syne Juin 2006 it haes been a kintra in its ain richt.


[Црна Гора] error: {{Native name}}: unrecognised leid code: cg (help)  (language?)
[Crna Gora] error: {{Native name}}: unrecognised leid code: cg (help) (language?)
Banner o Montenegro
Coat o airms o Montenegro
Coat o airms
Ој, свијетла мајска зоро
Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Oh, Bricht Dawn o Mey
Location o  Montenegro  (Green) on the European continent  (Dark Grey)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Montenegro  (Green)

on the European continent  (Dark Grey)  —  [Legend]

42°47′N 19°28′E / 42.783°N 19.467°E / 42.783; 19.467
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsMontenegrin[1]
Ither leids
in offeecial use
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar dominant-pairty pairlamentary constitutional republic
• Preses
Jakov Milatović
Dritan Abazović
• Formation o Duklja as a vassal o Byzantine Empire
625[dubious ]
• Duklja gains unthirldom frae the Byzantine Empire
• Kinrick o Zeta proclaimed
1 Januar 1852
• Kinrick
28 August 1910
• Formation o Yugoslavie
1 December 1918
3 Juin 2006
• Total
5,332 sq mi (13,810 km2) (156t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
622,387[4] (164t)
• 2011 census
• Density
45/km2 (116.5/sq mi) (121st)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$11.381 billion[5]
• Per capita
$18,261[5] (74t)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$4.751 billion[5]
• Per capita
$7,623[5] (60t)
Gini (2013)26.2[6]
law · 9th=
HDI (2015)Increase 0.807[7]
verra heich · 49th
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+382
ISO 3166 codeME
  1. Constitution names Cetinje as the Auld Ryal Caipital (prijestonica) o Montenegro.
  2. Adopted unilaterally; Montenegro is nae a formal member o the Eurozone.


  1. "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. The official language in Montenegro shall be Montenegrin. Cyrillic and Latin alphabet shall be equal.
  2. "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use.
  3. "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Montenegro 2011" (PDF). Monstat. Retrieved 12 Julie 2011.
  4. "Procjene stanovništva i osnovni demografski pokazatelji 2016. godina" (PDF). Retrieved 31 Januar 2018.
  5. a b c d "Montenegro". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 23 Januar 2018.
  6. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Archived frae the original on 4 Juin 2011. Retrieved 9 Februar 2018.
  7. "2014 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.