Coordinates: 20°S 175°W / 20°S 175°W / -20; -175

Tonga, offeecially Kinrick o Tonga is a Polynesie kintra an airchipelagae comprisin 169 islands, o that 36 are inhabitit.[1] The tot surface aurie is aboot 750 square kilometre (290 sq mi) scattered ower 700,000 square kilometre (270,000 sq mi) o the soothren Paceefic Ocean. The sovereign state has a population o 100,651 fowk,[5] o that 70% reside on the main island o Tongatapu.

Kinrick o Tonga

Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
Banner o Tonga
Coat o airms o Tonga
Coat o airms
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God an Tonga are ma Inheritance"
AnthemKo e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga
The Sang o the Keeng o the Tongan Islands
Location o Tonga
Location o Tonga
and largest city
21°08′S 175°12′W / 21.133°S 175.200°W / -21.133; -175.200
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Keeng Tupou VI
Pohiva Tuʻiʻonetoa
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
• frae Breetish pertection
4 Juin 1970
• Total
748 km2 (289 sq mi) (186t)
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
• Density
139/km2 (360.0/sq mi) (76ta)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$763 million[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Tot
$439 million[3]
• Per capita
HDI (2013)Increase 0.710[4]
heich · 95t
CurrencyPaʻanga (TOP)
Time zoneUTC+13
DST nae observed
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+676
ISO 3166 codeTO
  1. Based on 2005 figures.

Tonga stretches athort approximately 800 kilometre (500 mi) in a north-sooth line. It is surroondit bi Fiji an Wallis an Futuna (Fraunce) tae the northwast, Samoa tae the northeast, Niue tae the east, Kermadec (pairt o New Zealand) tae the soothwast, an New Caledon (Fraunce) an Vanuatu tae the forder wast.

Tonga becam kent in the Wast as the "Freendly Islands" acause o the congenial reception accordit tae Caiptain James Cook on his first vesit in 1773. He arrived at the time o the ʻinasi festival, the yearly donation o the First Fruits tae the Tuʻi Tonga (the islands' paramoont chief) an sae received an invitation tae the festivities. Accordin tae the writer William Mariner, the chiefs wantit tae kill Cook in the gaitherin but coud nae gree on a plan.[6]

Frae 1900 tae 1970, Tonga haed Breetish pertectit state status, wi the Unitit Kinrick leukin efter its furrin affairs unner a Treaty o Freendship. The kintra niver relinquished its sovereignty tae any furrin pouer.[7] In 2010, Tonga teuk a decisive path taewart acomin a constitutional monarchy raither nor a tradeetional absolute kinrick, efter legislative reforms passed a coorse for the first pairtial representative elections.


  1. a b "The World Factbook: Tonga: Geography". Retrieved 9 Mairch 2016.
  2. Tonga National Population Census 2011; Preliminary Count. (22 December 2011).
  3. a b c d "Tonga". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 22 Apryle 2012.
  4. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  5. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  6. Mariner, William and Martin, John (1817). An account of the natives of the Tonga islands in the south Pacific Ocean: With an original grammar and vocabulary of their language. Compiled and arranged from the extensive communications of Mr. William Mariner, several years' resident in those islands, Volume 2, pp. 64–65. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
  7. Tonga: History. The Commonwealth.