Coordinates: 20°S 175°W / 20°S 175°W / -20; -175

Tonga, offeecially Kinrick o Tonga is a Polynesie kintra an airchipelagae comprisin 169 islands, o that 36 are inhabitit.[1] The tot surface aurie is aboot 750 square kilometre (290 sq mi) scattered ower 700,000 square kilometre (270,000 sq mi) o the soothren Paceefic Ocean. The sovereign state has a population o 100,209 fowk,{{UN Population|re100o that 70% reside on the main island o Tongatapu.

Kinrick o Tonga

Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
Banner o Tonga
Coat o airms o Tonga
Coat o airms
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God an Tonga are ma Inheritance"
AnthemKo e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga
The Sang o the Keeng o the Tongan Islands
Location o Tonga
Location o Tonga
and largest city
21°08′S 175°12′W / 21.133°S 175.200°W / -21.133; -175.200
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Keeng Tupou VI
Siaosi Sovaleni
Fatafehi Fakafanua
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
• frae Breetish pertection
4 Juin 1970
• Total
748 km2 (289 sq mi) (186th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 census
100,209[2] (199th)
• Density
139/km2 (360.0/sq mi) (76tha)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$655 million
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
$493 million
• Per capita
Gini (2015)Steady 37.6[4]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.725[5]
heich · 104t
CurrencyPaʻanga (TOP)
Time zoneUTC+13
DST nae observed
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+676
ISO 3166 codeTO
  1. Based on 2005 figures.
Territorial Organization

Tonga stretches athort approximately 800 kilometre (500 mi) in a north-sooth line. It is surroondit bi Fiji an Wallis an Futuna (Fraunce) tae the northwast, Samoa tae the northeast, Niue tae the east, Kermadec (pairt o New Zealand) tae the soothwast, an New Caledon (Fraunce) an Vanuatu tae the forder wast.

Tonga becam kent in the Wast as the "Freendly Islands" acause o the congenial reception accordit tae Caiptain James Cook on his first vesit in 1773. He arrived at the time o the ʻinasi festival, the yearly donation o the First Fruits tae the Tuʻi Tonga (the islands' paramoont chief) an sae received an invitation tae the festivities. Accordin tae the writer William Mariner, the chiefs wantit tae kill Cook in the gaitherin but coud nae gree on a plan.[6]

Frae 1900 tae 1970, Tonga haed Breetish pertectit state status, wi the Unitit Kinrick leukin efter its furrin affairs unner a Treaty o Freendship. The kintra niver relinquished its sovereignty tae any furrin pouer.[7] In 2010, Tonga teuk a decisive path taewart acomin a constitutional monarchy raither nor a tradeetional absolute kinrick, efter legislative reforms passed a coorse for the first pairtial representative elections.


  1. a b "The World Factbook: Tonga: Geography". Archived frae the original on 31 December 2018. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2016.
  2. "Tonga's population drops to 100,209". Matangi Tonga. 24 December 2021. Archived frae the original on 28 December 2021. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  3. a b "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". Retrieved 8 Apryle 2020.
  4. "Gini Index coefficient". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 16 Julie 2021.
  5. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  6. Mariner, William and Martin, John (1817). An account of the natives of the Tonga islands in the south Pacific Ocean: With an original grammar and vocabulary of their language. Compiled and arranged from the extensive communications of Mr. William Mariner, several years' resident in those islands, Volume 2, pp. 64–65. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
  7. Tonga: History Archived 2014-02-23 at the Wayback Machine. The Commonwealth.