Open main menu

Coordinates: 21°15′S 165°18′E / 21.25°S 165.30°E / -21.25; 165.30

New Caledon
Banner o Fraunce
Pro-Unthirldom Banner o New Caledon
Banners o New Caledon
Motto: "Terre de parole, terre de partage"
"Laund o speech, laund o sharin"[1]
Location o New Caledon
Status Special collectivity
and largest city
22°16′S 166°28′E / 22.267°S 166.467°E / -22.267; 166.467
Offeecial leids French
Recognised regional languages an 35 ither native leids
Demonym New Caledonians
Sovereign state  French Republic
Govrenment Dependent territory
Emmanuel Macron
Philippe Germain
Vincent Bouvier
Legislatur Congress
Special collectivity o Fraunce
• Annexed by France
• Total
18,576 km2 (7,172 sq mi) (154th)
• Aug. 2014 census
• Density
14.5/km2 (37.6/sq mi) (200t)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Tot
US$9.89 billion[3]
• Per capita
Currency CFP franc (XPF)
Time zone UTC+11
Drivin side right
Cawin code +687
ISO 3166 code NC
Internet TLD .nc

New Caledon (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie)[nb 1] is a stewartry o Fraunce in the Paceefic Ocean. 232,258 fowk bides thare. The caipital ceety o New Caledon is Nouméa (wi aboot 2000 indwallers).

It wis first seen by James Cook on 4 September 1774 upon his seicont vaige.[4]


  1. Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see [1]). It should be noted that French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
  1. 1.0 1.1 "La Nouvelle-Calédonie se dote d'un hymne et d'une devise". 2010-08-18. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  2. "268 767 habitants en 2014". ISEE. Retrieved 2014-11-16. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "PIB GRANDS AGRÉGATS". ISEE. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  4. "Rapport annuel 2010" (PDF) (in French). IEOM Nouvelle-Calédonie. Retrieved 2013-01-30.