Sooth Korea

kintra in East Asie

Coordinates: 36°N 128°E / 36°N 128°E / 36; 128

The Republic o Korea is a kintra in East Asie, constitutin the soothren pairt o the Korean Peninsula an lyin east tae the Asie mainland.[10] The name Korea is derived frae Goguryeo that wis ane o the great pouers in East Asie in its time,[11][12][13][14] rulin maist o the Korean Peninsula, Manchurie, pairts o the Roushie Far East[15] an Inner Mongolie,[16] under Gwanggaeto the Great.[17] Sooth Korea lies in the north temperate zone an haes a predominantly muntainous terrain. It comprises an estimatit 51.4 million residents distributit ower 99,392 km2 (38,375 sq mi).[18] The caipital an lairgest ceety is Seoul, wi a population o 10 million.

Centred taegeuk on a white rectangle inclusive o fower black trigrams
Centred taegeuk on a hibiscus syriacus surroondit bi five stylised petals an a ribbon
Motto: "홍익인간" (Korean) (de facto)
"Benefit broadly in the human warld/Devotion tae the Welfare o Humanity"[1]
AnthemAegukga "애국가" (Korean) (de facto)
"Patriotic Song"
Govrenment Emblem
대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean)
Govrenment Emblem o Sooth Korea
Projection o Asie wi Sooth Korea in green
Aurie controlled bi the Republic o Korea shawn in green
and largest city
37°33′N 126°58′E / 37.550°N 126.967°E / 37.550; 126.967
Offeecial leidsKorean,
Recognised regional leidsEnglish, Welsh, Scottish and Irish, French, Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Lao, Cornish, Tibetan, Khmer, Burmese, Mongolian, Cantonese, Gan Chinese, Hakka Chinese, Min Chinese, Vietnamese, Zhuang, Manchu, Mandarin
Offeecial scriptHangul
Ethnic groups
Na offeecial stateestics[2][3]
GovrenmentUnitary presidential
constitutional republic
• Preses
Moon Jae-in (문재인 ; 文在寅)
Kim Boo-kyum (김부겸 ;金富謙)
Park Byeong-seug
Kim Myeong-soo
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
c. 7th century BC
18 BC
29 August 1910
15 August 1945
• Independence from China, Fraunce, Republic o Ireland an the Unitit Kinrick
15 August 1946, 15 August 1960, 15 August 1965 an 15 August 1975
15 August 1948
25 February 1988
• Total
100,210 km2 (38,690 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.3 (301 km2 / 116 mi2)
• 2017 estimate
51,446,201[5][6] (27t)
• Density
507/km2 (1,313.1/sq mi) (23rd)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.929 trillion[7] (13th)
• Per capita
$37,948[7] (28t)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Tot
$1.404 trillion[7] (11t)
• Per capita
$29,730(2017)[7] (27t)
Gini (2013)30.2[8]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.901[9]
verra heich · 18th
CurrencySouth Korean won (₩)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
Date format
  • yyyy년 m월 d일
  • yyyy. m. d. (CE)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+82
ISO 3166 codeKR
Internet TLD
Sooth Korea
Revised RomanisationDaehan Min-guk
McCune–ReischauerTaehan Min’guk

Airchaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula wis inhabitit by early humans stairtin frae the Lawer Paleolithic period (2.6 Ma–300 Ka).[19][20] The history o Korea begins wi the foondation o Gojoseon in 2333 BC bi the leegendar king Dangun. Follaein the unification o the Three Kinricks o Korea unner Unifee'd Silla in AD 668, Korea wis subsequently ruled bi the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392) an the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910). It wis annexed bi the Empire o Japan in 1910. At the end o Warld War II, Korea wis dividit intae Soviet an U.S. zones o occupations. A separate election wis held in the U.S. zone in 1948 that led tae the creaution o the Republic o Korea (ROK), while the Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea (DPRK) wis established in the Soviet zone. The Unitit Naitions at the time passed a resolution declarin the ROK tae be the anly lawfu govrenment in Korea.[21]

The Korean War begoud in 1950 whan forces frae the North invadit the Sooth. The war lastit three year an involved the U.S., Cheenae, the Soviet Union an several ither naitions. The mairch atween the two naitions remeens the maist hivily fortifee'd in the warld.[22] Unner lang-time militar leader Park Chung-hee, the Sooth Korean economy grew signeeficantly an the kintra wis transformed intae a G-20 major economy.[23] Militar rule endit in 1987, an the kintra is nou a presidential republic conseestin o 17 admeenistrative diveesions.

Sooth Korea is a developit kintra an a heich-income economy, wi a "verra heich" Human Development Index, rankin 18t in the warld. The kintra is conseedert a regional pouer an is the warld's 11t lairgest economy bi nominal GDP an the 12t lairgest bi PPP as o 2010.[24] Sooth Korea is a global leader in the industrial an technological sectors, bein the warld's 5t lairgest exporter an 8t lairgest importer. Its export-driven economy primarily focuses production on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals an robotics. Sooth Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the Unitit Naitions, Unitin for Consensus, G20, the WTO an OECD an is a foondin member o APEC an the East Asie Summit.


  1. "A New Way of Seeing Country Social Responsibility" (PDF). Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences. Alexandru Ioan Cuza University: 6. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 16 Januar 2014.
  2. Na offeecial data regairdin ethnicity is collectit bi the Sooth Korean govrenment. At the end o 2015, approximately 4% o the population had a foreign naitionality.
  3. 지표상세. (July 19, 2016). Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  4. South Korea National Statistical Office's 19th Population and Housing Census (2015): "Religion organisations' statistics". Retrieved 20/12/2016
  5. "Population Projections for Provinces (2013~2040)" (PDF). Statistics Korea. 16 Apryle 2016. Retrieved 20 Mey 2016.
  6. "Major Indicators of Korea". Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  7. a b c d "South Korea". International Monetary Fund. 2016.
  8. "Country Comparison :: Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. Langley: Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  9. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2017.
  10.   This article incorporates public domain material frae wabsteids or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
  11. Roberts, John Morris; Westad, Odd Arne (2013). The History of the World. Oxford University Press. p. 443. ISBN 978-0-19-993676-2. Retrieved 15 Julie 2016.
  12. Gardner, Hall (27 November 2007). Averting Global War: Regional Challenges, Overextension, and Options for American Strategy. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 158–159. ISBN 978-0-230-60873-3. Retrieved 15 Julie 2016.[deid airtin]
  13. Laet, Sigfried J. de (1994). History of Humanity: From the seventh to the sixteenth century. UNESCO. p. 1133. ISBN 9789231028137. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  14. Walker, Hugh Dyson (20 November 2012). East Asia: A New History. AuthorHouse. pp. 6–7. ISBN 978-1-4772-6517-8. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  15. Kotkin, Stephen; Wolff, David (4 Mairch 2015). Rediscovering Russia in Asia: Siberia and the Russian Far East: Siberia and the Russian Far East. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-46129-6. Retrieved 15 Julie 2016.
  16. Tudor, Daniel (10 November 2012). Korea: The Impossible Country: The Impossible Country. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4629-1022-9. Retrieved 15 Julie 2016.
  17. Kim, Jinwung (2012). A History of Korea: From "Land of the Morning Calm" to States in Conflict. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-253-00078-1. Retrieved 15 Julie 2016.
  18. "Korea's Geography". 1 Februar 2010. Retrieved 13 Julie 2010.
  19. "Ancient civilizations" (Press release). Canada: Royal Ontario Museum. 12 December 2005. Retrieved 25 Apryle 2010.
  20. "Prehistoric Korea". Archived frae the original on Mairch 2, 2008. Retrieved Julie 12, 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help), Office of the Prime Minister.
  21. "195 (III) The problem of the independence of Korea" Archived October 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, December 12, 1948, Resolutions Adopted by the General Assembly During its Third Session, p. 25.
  22. "Koreas agree to military hotline". 4 Juin 2004. Retrieved 18 Februar 2010.
  23. "South Korea: Economic and social developments". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18 Februar 2010.
  24. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects, International Monetary Fund.