caipital an lairgest ceety o Sooth Korea

Seoul (Korean: 서울, Seoul, pronoonced [sʌul] ( listen)), offeecially the Seoul Special Ceety (Korean: 서울특별시, Seoul Teukbyeolsi), is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Sooth Korea. A megaceety wi a population o ower 10 million, it is ane o the lairgest ceeties in the warld.[5] The Seoul Naitional Caipital Aurie is the warld's seicont lairgest metropolitan aurie wi ower 24.5 million indwallers, whit includes the Incheon metropolis an maist o Gyeonggi province.[6] Amaist hauf o Sooth Korea's population bide in the Seoul Naitional Caipital Aurie, an nearly a quarter in Seoul itsel, makkin it the kintra's foremaist economic, poleetical, an cultural centre.


Seoul Special Ceety
 • Hangul서울특별시
 • Hanja서울特別市[1]
 • Revised RomanizationSeoul Teukbyeolsi
 • McCune-ReischauerSŏul T'ŭkpyŏlsi
Seoul skyline
Seoul skyline
Banner o Seoul
Official seal of Seoul
Coat of airms o Seoul
Coat airms
Map o Sooth Korea wi Seoul heichlichtit
Map o Sooth Korea wi Seoul heichlichtit
Seoul is located in Sooth Korea
Location o Seoul in Sooth Korea
Coordinates: 37°33′59.53″N 126°58′40.69″E / 37.5665361°N 126.9779694°E / 37.5665361; 126.9779694Coordinates: 37°33′59.53″N 126°58′40.69″E / 37.5665361°N 126.9779694°E / 37.5665361; 126.9779694
Kintra Sooth Korea
RegionSeoul Naitional Caipital Aurie
 • TeepSeoul Metropolitan Govrenment
 • MayorPark Won-soon (Democratic Unitit)
 • CooncilSeoul Metropolitan Cooncil
 • National Representation
 - Naitional Assembly
48 / 300
16.0% (Total Seats)
48 / 246
19.5% (Constituency Seats)
 • Total605.21 km2 (233.67 sq mi)
 • Total9,733,509
 • Density16,000/km2 (42,000/sq mi)
 • Demonym
서울 사람 (Seoul saram) 서울시민 (Seoul-simin) Seoulite
 • Dialect
BirdKorean Magpie
ColourSeoul Reid[4]
FontSeoul fonts (Han River an (Namsan (Seoul)
Slogan“함께 만드는 서울, 함께 누리는 서울”(Literally "Seoul We Create Together, Seoul We Enjoy Together")
Sang"서울의 빛" ("The Lichts o Seoul")

Seoul haes been a major dounset for ower 2,000 year, wi its foondation datin back tae 18 B.C. whan Baekje, ane o the Three Kinricks o Korea, establisht its caipital in whit is nou sooth-east Seoul. It continued as the caipital o Korea durin the Joseon Dynasty an the Korean Empire. The Seoul Naitional Caipital Aurie is hame tae fower UNESCO Warld Heritage Steids: Changdeokgung, Hwaseong Fortress, Jongmyo Shrine an the Ryal Tombs o the Joseon Dynasty.[7]

The day, Seoul is considered tae be a leadin global ceety, rankin amang the tap ten global ceeties in the Global Ceeties Index of 2010.[8] It is ane o the warld's tap ten financial an commercial centres,[9] hame tae major multinaitional conglomerates[10] sic as Samsung, LG an Hyundai-Kia. In 2008, Seoul wis named the warld's saxt maist economically pouerful ceety bi Forbes.[11]

Seoul haes a hiechlie technologically advanced infrastructure.[12][13] Its Digital Media Ceety is the warld's first complex for IT an multimedia applications.[14] Seoul wis the first ceety tae featur DMB, a digital mobile TV technology an WiBro, a wireless hie-speed mobile internet service. It haes a fast, hie-penetration 100Mbps fibre-optic broadband netwirk, that is bein upgradit tae 1Gbps bi 2012.[15] Seoul Station hooses the 350 km/h KTX bullet train an the Seoul Subway is the third lairgest in the warld, wi ower 200 million passengers ivery year.[16] Seoul is connectit via AREX tae Incheon Internaitional Airport, rated as the best airport in the warld bi Airports Council International.

Seoul hostit the 1988 Simmer Olympics an the 2002 FIFA Warld Cup. The ceety wis named the Warld Design Caipital for 2010 bi the Internaitional Cooncil o Societies o Industrial Design an hostit the 2010 G-20 Seoul summit.

Internaitional relations


Twin touns — Sister ceeties


Seoul haes mony twin touns an sister ceeties aroond the warld:[in chronological order][17]


  1. Syne Seoul haes nae direct equivalent Hanja, the Hangul insteid is uised here. Housomeivver the ceety govrenment designatit the Cheenese Hanzi name as (首爾; Su-i in RR Romaja an Shǒu'ěr pinyin).
  2. "Seoul Statistics (Land Area)". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2010.
  3. 행정안전부. "Archived copy" 행정안전부> 정책자료> 통계> 주민등록 인구통계. Archived frae the original on 20 Apryle 2018. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Color".
  5. Thomas Brinkhoff,; South Korea, The registered population of the South Korean provinces and urban municipalities Registered population 2007-12-31. Retrieved on
  6. "나라지표:수도권 인구 집중 현황".
  7. "Lists: Republic of Korea". UNESCO.
  8. "The 2008 Global Cities Index". Foreign Policy. Archived frae the original on 10 Januar 2010.
  9. "Citgy Mayors: World's best financial cities".
  10. See Leet o companies bi revenue.
  11. "In Pictures: World's Most Economically Powerful Cities".
  12. "KOREA: Future is now for Korean info-tech". AsiaMedia. Regents of the University of California. 14 Juin 2005. Archived frae the original on 5 Februar 2012.
  13. "Tech capitals of the world - Technology".
  14. [1] Archived 2004-06-16 at the Wayback Machine
  15. "South Koreans could see 1Gbps web connections by 2012". Engadget.
  16. See Metro seestems bi annual passenger rides.
  17. Seul Metropolitan Government. "International Cooperation: Sister Cities". Archived frae the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  18. Prefeitura.Sp - Descentralized Cooperation Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine
  19. "International Relations - São Paulo City Hall - Official Sister Cities".
  20. The Many Lives of Tehran Road[deid airtin]
  21. "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". Biuro Promocji Miasta. Archived frae the original on 11 October 2007.
  22. "International Relations" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 16 Februar 2008.