caipital an lairgest ceety o Greece

Athens (/ˈæθnz/;[2] Greek: Αθήνα, Athína, [aˈθina]; Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the caipital an lairgest ceity o Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region an is ane o the warld's auldest ceities, wi its recordit history spannin aroond 3,400 year. Classical Athens, as a landlockit location wis a pouerful ceity-state that emergit in conjunction wi the seagoin development o the port o Piraeus. A centre for the airts, learnin an filosofie, hame o Plato's Academy an Aristotle's Lyceum,[3][4] it is widely referred tae as the cradle o Wastren ceevilization an the birthplace o democracy,[5][6] lairgely due tae the impact o its cultural an poleetical achievements durin the 5t an 4t centuries BC in later centuries on the rest o the then kent European continent.[7] The day a cosmopolitan metropolis, modren Athens is central tae economic, feenancial, industrial, poleetical an cultural life in Greece. In 2008, Athens wis rankit the warld's 32nt richest ceity bi purchasin pouer[8] an the 25t maist expensive[9] in a UBS study. The ceity is namit in honour o Athena.


Frae upper left: the Acropolis, the Hellenic Parliament, the Zappeion, the Acropolis Museum, Monastiraki Square, Athens view towards the sea.
Frae upper left: the Acropolis, the Hellenic Parliament, the Zappeion, the Acropolis Museum, Monastiraki Square, Athens view towards the sea.
Athens is located in Greece
Location within the region
Coordinates: 37°58′N 23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717Coordinates: 37°58′N 23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717
Admeenistrative regionAttica
Regional unitCentral Athens
 • MayorGiorgos Kaminis (Independent; syne 29 December 2010)
 • Urban
412 km2 (159 sq mi)
 • Metro
2928.717 km2 (1,130.784 sq mi)
 • Municipality38.964 km2 (15.044 sq mi)
Highest elevation
338 m (1,109 ft)
Lowest elevation
70 m (230 ft)
 • Urban
 • Urban density7,500/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
 • Municipality
 • Municipality density17,000/km2 (44,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
10x xx, 11x xx, 120 xx
Aurie code(s)21
Vehicle registrationYxx, Zxx, Ixx (excluding ZAx and INx)



Lang syne, Athens wis a feckfu ceity. It wis kent for the feck o learnin that happened thare, an wis hame tae Plato's Academy an Aristotle's Lyceum. It haed its ain Constitution an aw.

The Ottoman Turks teuk ower Athens in 1458. The Turks made the Parthenon intae a Muslim mosque. The Parthenon wis later skaithed in 1687 whan gunpouder explodit ben the biggin.

Athens wis freed fae the Turks durin the Greek war o unthirldom (1821-33). It syne becam the caipital o Greece.


The umwhile Athens Prefectur (blue), athin the region o Attica (grey)

Athens became the caipital o Greece in 1834, follaein Nafplio, which wis the proveesional caipital frae 1829. In addeetion, the municipality o Athens is the caipital o the Attica region. Athens can refer aither tae the municipality o Athens or tae the entire Athens Urban area, which maks up the "Ceity o Athens" that sprawls athort the Attica Basin.

Attica Region


The Athens Metropolitan Area, sprawlin ower 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi), is locatit athin the 3,808 km2 (1,470 sq mi) Attica region. The region encompasses the maist populatit region o Greece, reachin 3,827,624 indwallers in 2011,[1] while it is housomeivver, ane o the smawest regions in the kintra.

The Attica region itsel is split intae aicht regional units, oot o which the first fower form Greater Athens, while the regional unit o Piraeus forms Greater Piraeus. Thegither thay mak up the contiguous biggit up urban area o the Greek caipital, spanning ower 412 km2 (159 sq mi).[10]

Till 2010, the first fower regional units abuin made up the abolisht Athens Prefectur (wha is referred tae as Greater Athens) an aw, which wis the maist populous o the Prefecturs o Greece at the time, accoontin for 2,640,701 fowk (in 2011),[1] athin a area o 361 km2 (139 sq mi).[11]

Athens Municipality

The seiven destricts o Athens municipality

The municipality o Athens is the maist populous in Greece, wi a population o 664,046 fowk (in 2011)[1] an a area o 39 km2 (15 sq mi),[11] formin the core o the Athens Urban Area athin the Attica Basin. The current mayor o Athens is Giorgos Kaminis. The municipality is dividit intae seiven municipal destricts which are mainly uised for admeenistrative purposes.

Population data for the 7 municipal destricts o Athens (2001 census):[12]

1st: 97,570 2nt: 110,069 3rd: 48,305 4t: 87,672 5t: 95,234 6t: 147,181 7t: 159,483

For Athenians the maist popular wey o dividin the ceity proper is throu its neebourheids sic as Pagkrati, Ambelokipi, Exarcheia, Patissia, Ilissia, Petralona, Koukaki an Kypseli, each wi its awn distinct history an characteristics.

The Athens municipality forms the core an centre o Greater Athens an aw which consists o the Athens municipality an 34 mair municipalities, which are dividit in the fower regional units mentioned abuin.

Municipalities o Greater Athens
Central Section: 1. Ceity o Athens 2. Dafni 3. Ilioupoli 4. Vyronas 5. Kaisariani 6. Zografou 7. Galatsi 8. Filadelfeia
Wast Section:
29. Egaleo
30. Agia Varvara
31. Chaidari
32. Peristeri
33. Petroupoli
34. Ilion
35. Agioi AnargyroiKamatero
North Section:
9. Nea Ionia
10. Irakleio
11. Metamorfosi
12. LykovrysiPefki
13. Kifissia
14. Penteli - Melissia
15. Amarousio
16. Vrilissia
17. Ag. Paraskevi
18. CholargosPapagou
19. Chalandri
20. FilotheiPsychiko
Sooth Section: 21. Glyfada 22. Elliniko-Argyroupoli 23. Alimos 24. Agios Dimitrios 25. Nea Smyrni 26. Faliro 27. Kallithea 28. Moschato

The municipalities o Greater Athens alang wi the municipalities athin Greater Piraeus (regional unit o Piraeus) form the Athens Urban Area, while the lairger metropolitan area includes several addeetional suburbs an touns surroondin the dense urban area o the Greek caipital.



Athens haes several lairge sports clubs lik fitball clubs AEK Athens F.C., Panathinaikos F.C. an Panionios G.S.S, basketbaa club Maroussi B.C. an handbaw club Sony Athinaikos Athens.

Olympic Gemmes


Internaitional relations


Twin touns – Sister ceities


Athens is twinned wi:


  1. a b c d e "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. Wells, John C. (1990). Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow, England: Longman. p. 48. ISBN 0-582-05383-8. entry "Athens"
  3. "Contents and Principles of the Programme of Unification of the Archaeological Sites of Athens". Hellenic Ministry of Culture. Archived frae the original on 21 August 2016.
  4. CNN & Associated Press (16 Januar 1997). "Greece uncovers 'holy grail' of Greek archeology". CNN. Archived frae the original on 6 December 2007. Retrieved 28 Mairch 2007.
  5. "Athens". Retrieved 31 December 2008. Ancient Greek Athenai, historic city and capital of Greece. Many of classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization
  6. BBC History on Greek Democracy – Accessed on 26 January 2007
  7. Encarta Ancient Greecefrom the Internet Archive– Retrieved on 28 February 2012. 31 October 2009.
  8. "The most expensive and richest cities in the world". City Mayors. 2008. Archived frae the original on 6 Mey 2008. Retrieved 12 Mey 2008.
  9. "The lives of expatriates in the world's most expensive cities". City Mayors. 2008. Archived frae the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
  10. Kallikratis reform law text PDF
  11. a b "Characteristics". Hellenic Interior Ministry. Archived frae the original on 4 Januar 2007. Retrieved 6 Januar 2007."Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 4 Januar 2007. Retrieved 16 Juin 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  12. "Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT)". Archived frae the original on 20 Apryle 2015. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2024.
  13. "Athens,GA : Sister Cities". 2011. Archived frae the original on 14 Julie 2011. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2024.
  14. "Barcelona internacional – Ciutats agermanades" (in Spainish). Ajuntament de Barcelona. Archived frae the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 13 Julie 2009.
  15. "Beijing Sister Cities". City of Beijing. Archived frae the original on 17 Januar 2010. Retrieved 3 Januar 2007.
  16. "Twinnings of the city". City of Beirut. Archived frae the original on 21 Februar 2008. Retrieved 25 Januar 2008.
  17. "Twinning with Palestine". Twinning With Palestine. Archived frae the original on 28 Juin 2012. Retrieved 26 Januar 2008.
  18. "::Bethlehem Municipality::". Archived frae the original on 24 Julie 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  19. "Academy of Economic Studies – Short History of Bucharest". Bucharest University of Economics. Archived frae the original on 21 December 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  20. "Chicago Sister Cities". City of Chicago. Archived frae the original on 11 Mairch 2013. Retrieved 3 Januar 2007.
  21. "Ciudades Hermanas". Municipalidad del Cusco (in Spanish). Archived frae the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 25 Januar 2008.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  22. Erdem, Selim Efe (3 November 2003). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş". Radikal (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 25 Januar 2008.
  23. "Los Angeles Sister Cities". City of Los Angeles. Archived frae the original on 4 Januar 2007. Retrieved 3 Januar 2007.
  24. "Moscow International Relations". Moscow City Government. Juin 2007. Archived frae the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 31 Julie 2008.
  25. "Gemellaggi". Comune di Napoli (in Italian). Retrieved 1 September 2008.
  26. "Nicosia:Twin Cities". Nicosia Municipality. Archived frae the original on 24 Mey 2011. Retrieved 25 Januar 2008.
  27. "International Cooperation: Sister Cities". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Archived frae the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 26 Januar 2008.
  28. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 10 October 2011. Retrieved 25 Januar 2008.
  29. "Protocol and International Affairs: Sister-City Agreements". District of Columbia. Archived frae the original on 13 Mey 2008. Retrieved 25 Januar 2008.
  30. "International Cooperation". Grad Beograd. Retrieved 26 Januar 2008.
  31. "International Cooperation: Sister Cities: Athens". Yerevan Municipality. Archived frae the original on 13 Januar 2009. Retrieved 26 Januar 2008.

Freemit airtins

  • – Ceity o Athens offeecial wabsteid
  • Athens The offeecial wabsteid o the Greek Naitional Tourism Organisation