Los Angeles

ceety in Californie, Unitit States o Americae

Los Angeles (pronounced /lɔːs ˈændʒələs/ (deprecatit template) lawss-AN-jə-ləs;[5] Spaingie: [los ˈaŋxeles], Spaingie for "The Angels") is the maist populous ceety in Californie an haes the seicont maist fowk in the Unitit States,[6] wi 3.83 million fowk[7] on a land area o 498.3 square miles (1,290.6 km2). It is the focal pynt o the lairger Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside combined area, which contains nearly 17.8 million fowk. Los Angeles is the seat o Los Angeles Coonty, the maist populatit an ane o the coonties[8] wi the maist cultures in the Unitit States. The ceety's indwallers are kent "Angelenos" (/ændʒɨˈliːnoʊz/).[9]

Los Angeles
City of Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles, Venice, Griffith Observatory, Hollywood Sign
Banner o Los Angeles
Official seal of Los Angeles
L.A., the Ceety o Angels,[1] Angeltown,[2] La-La Land[3]
Location athin Los Angeles Coonty in the state o Californie
Location athin Los Angeles Coonty in the state o Californie
Los Angeles is located in the Unitit States
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250
KintraUnitit States
CoontyLos Angeles
Settled4 September 1781
Incorporatit4 Aprile 1850
 • TeepMayor-Cooncil
 • BodiLos Angeles City Council
 • MayorEric Garcetti
 • Ceety AttorneyMike Feuer
 • Ceety ControllerRon Galperin
 • Ceety1301.970 km2 (502.693 sq mi)
 • Laund1213.850 km2 (468.670 sq mi)
 • Water88.119 km2 (34.023 sq mi)  6.77%
71 m (233 (ceety haw) ft)
 • Ceety3,792,621
 • Rank(2nt US, 48t Warld)
 • Density3,124.45/km2 (8092.30/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • CSA
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP code
90001–90068, 90070–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291-90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91601–91609
Area code(s)213, 310/424, 323, 661, 747/818

Los Angeles wis foondit on September 4, 1781 bi Spainyie govrenor Felipe de Neve. It acame a pairt o Mexico in 1821 follaein the Mexican War o Unthirldom. In 1848, at the end o the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles an the rest o Californie wure purchased as pairt o the Treaty o Guadalupe Hidalgo, therebi becomin pairt o the Unitit States. Los Angeles wis incorporatit as a municipality on Aprile 4, 1850, five month afore Californie achieved statehuid.

Aften kent bi its initials, LA, an nicknamed the Ceety o Angels, Los Angeles is a warld center o business, internaitional tred, entertainment, cultur, media, fashion, science, technology, an eddication.[10][11] It is hame tae renouned institutions coverin a broad range o professional an cultural fields, an is ane o the maist substantial economic ingines athin the Unitit States. Los Angeles haes been ranked the fift maist pouerful an influential ceety in the warld, ahint anerlie New York City in the United States.[12] The Los Angeles combined statistical area (CSA) haes a gross metropolitan product (GMP) o $831 billion (as o 2008), makin it the third lairgest economic centre in the warld, efter the Greater Tokyo Area an the New York metropolitan area.[13][14][15] As the hame base o Hollywood, it is kent as the "Entertainment Caipital o the Warld", leadin the warld in the creation o motion pictures, telly production, video gemmes, an recordit muisic. The importance o the entertainment business tae the ceety haes led mony celebrities tae cry Los Angeles an its surroondin suburbs hame. Los Angeles hostit the 1932 an 1984 Simmer Olympics. Los Angeles is an aa hame tae renoont varsities sic as the University of Southern California an the University of California, Los Angeles.

Los Angeles haes a Mediterranean climate, wi an average o 35 days wi measurable precipitation a year.[16]

Sister ceeties

A sign near Ceety Hall pynts tae the sister ceeties o Los Angeles

Los Angeles haes 25 sister ceeties,[17] leetit chronologically bi year jynt:



  1. Stafford, Leon (7 Januar 2010). "Atlanta works on its sales pitch: Convention bureau's chief sticks to basics in marketing the city". The Atlanta Journal – Constitution. p. 1. Archived frae the original on 26 November 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  2. Smith, Jack (12 October 1989). "A Teflon Metropolis Where No Nicknames Stick". Los Angeles Times. p. 1. Archived frae the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  3. "'La-La Land,' now the dictionary definition of Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. 25 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  4. "Gazetteer". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  5. UK Inglis: /lɒs ˈændʒəliːz/ loss-AN-jə-leez
  6. "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2005 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 20 Juin 2006. Retrieved 26 Januar 2007.
  7. "Los Angeles (city) Quickfacts". US Census Bureau. 25. Archived frae the original on 2012-08-22. Retrieved October 14, 2008. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); Check date values in: |date= and |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  8. Les Christie (9 August 2007). "The most ethnically diverse counties in the United States". CNN. Retrieved 13 Apryle 2010.
  9. "Angeleno". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  10. "The World According to GaWC 2008". Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, Loughborough University. Retrieved 3 Mairch 2009.
  11. "Inventory of World Cities". Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group and Network. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
  12. "Revealed: Cities that rule the world". CNN. 10 Apryle 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
  13. The 150 richest cities in the world by GDP in 2005, dated March 11, 2007. The list fails to include Taipei. Retrieved July 3, 2007.
  14. The United States Conference of Mayors and The National Association of Counties, 2007; Standard & Poor's DRI Archived 2008-12-28 at the Wayback Machine, June 2008.
  15. Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2009; GDP by Metropolitan Area Archived 2011-01-11 at the Wayback Machine, September 24, 2009 .
  16. "Historical Weather for Los Angeles, California, United States of America". Weatherbase.com. Archived frae the original on 11 Januar 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  17. "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". Retrieved on December 18, 2009.
  18. "Tel Aviv/Los Angeles Partnership". The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles. 2007. Archived frae the original on 23 Juin 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2008.
  19. "Twinning link with LA". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 28 Julie 2009.
  20. "Sister cities of Los Angeles, Inc". 2010. Retrieved 8 Februar 2010.