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Mexico Ceety (Spaingie: Ciudad de México) is the caipital an mucklest ceety in Mexico as well as the mucklest ceety in North Americae an ane o the mucklest ceeties in the warld. Mexico Ceety is the seat o the federal govrenment, a federal entity athin Mexico that isnae pairt o ony o the 31 Mexican states but belangs tae the federation as a hale. Mexico Ceety is the maist important poleetical, cultural, an financial centre in the kintra.

Mexico Ceety
Ciudad de México
Ceety o Mexico
Clockwise frae top: skyline o Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico Ceety Metropolitan Cathedral, Skyline o Polanco, Palacio de Bellas Artes, The Naitional Pailace, Aungel o Unthirldom an Torre Latinoamericana
Banner o Mexico Ceety
Offeecial seal o Mexico Ceety
Motto(s): La Ciudad de los Palacios
(Ceety o Palaces)
México Ceety athin Mexico
México Ceety athin Mexico
Coordinates: 19°26′N 99°8′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133Coordinates: 19°26′N 99°8′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Kintra  Mexico
Entity Federal Destrict
    • 13 Mairch 1325: Tenochtitlan[1]
    • 13 August 1521:
      Ciudad de México[2]
    • 18 November 1824: Distrito Federal[3]
  • Govrenment
     • Heid o Govrenment Marcelo Ebrard PRD
     • Senators[4] Pablo Gómez PRD
    René Arce PRD
    Federico Döring PAN
     • Deputies[5]
     • Total 1,485 km2 (573 sq mi)
      Rankit 32nt
    Elevation 2,420 m (7,940 ft)
    Heichest elevation[7] 3,930 m (12,890 ft)
    Population (2010)
     • Tot 8,851,080
     • Rank 2nt
     • Density 6,000/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
     • Density rank 1st
    Demonym(s) Capitalino (a)
    Defeño (a)
    Mexiqueño (a)
    Chilango (a)
    Time zone CST (UTC−6)
     • Simmer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
    Postal code 00–16
    Aurie code
    ISO 3166 code MX-DFE
    HDI Increase 0.922 Very High Ranked 1st
    GDP 1.527 trillion pesos[8]
    Wabsteid Offeecial Wab Steid
    ^ b. Aurie o the Federal Destrict that includes nan-urban auries at the sooth

    As an "alpha" global ceety, Mexico Ceety is ane o the maist important financial centers in Americae that is locatit in the Glen o Mexico, a muckle glen in the heich plateaus at the centre o Mexico, at an altitude o 2,240 metres (7,350 ft). The ceety consists o saxteen burghs.

    The 2009 estimatit population for the ceety proper wis aroond 8.84 million fowk, an haes a land aurie o 1,485 square kilometres (573 sq mi). Accordin tae the maist recent definition greed upon bi the federal an state govrenments, the Mexico Ceety metropolitan aurie population is 21.2 million fowk makkin it the mucklest metropolitan aurie in the Americaes an the third mucklest agglomeration in the warld.

    Mexico Ceety haes a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) o $390 billion USD in 2008, makin Mexico Ceety the aicht richest ceety in the warld. The ceety wis responsible for generatin 21% o Mexico's Gross Domestic Product an the metropolitan aurie accoontit for 34% o tot naitional GDP. As o 2008, the ceety proper, as opposed tae the metropolitan aurie, haed a nominal income per caipita o $25,258 USD, on par wi the GDP per capita o Portugal, an significantly abuin kintras lik the Czech Republic.

    The ceety wis oreeginally biggit on an island o Loch Texcoco bi the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, that wis amaist completely destroyed in the siege o 1521, an subsequently redesigned an rebuilt in accordance wi the Spaingie urban staundarts. In 1524, the municipality o Mexico Ceety wis established, kent as México Tenustitlán, an as o 1585 it wis offeecially kent as La Ciudad de México (Mexico Ceety). Mexico Ceety served as the poleetical, admeenistrative an financial centre o a major pairt o the Spaingie colonial empire. Efter unthirldom frae Spain wis achieved, the Federal Destrict wis creatit in 1824.

    Efter years o demandin greater poleetical autonomy, residents war gien the richt tae directly elect the Heid o Govrenment an the representatives o the unicameral Legislative Assembly bi popular vote in 1997. Iver syne, the left-wing Pairty o the Democratic Revolution (PRD) haes controlled baith o them. In recent years, the local govrenment haes passed a wave o leeberal policies, lik abortion on request tae ony woman up tae 12 weeks intae a pregnancy.

    Internaitional relationsEedit


    1. "Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores – México". Archived frae the oreeginal on September 8, 2005. Retrieved April 17, 2011. 
    2. "De la Colonia / 13 agosto de 1521: rendición de México-Tenochtitlan". Retrieved April 17, 2011. 
    3. "Conmemora la SecretarĂ­a de Cultura el 185 Aniversario del Decreto de CreaciĂłn del Distrito Federal". Retrieved April 17, 2011.  soft hyphen character in |title= at poseetion 23 (help)
    4. "Senadores por el Distrito Federal LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved October 21, 2010. 
    5. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Distrito Federal". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
    6. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
    7. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
    8. "Distrito Federal". 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
    9. "Ciudades Hermanas (Sister Cities of Cusco)" (in Spanish). Municipalidad del Cusco. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
    10. "Sister Cities of Istanbul". Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
    11. Erdem, Selim Efe (2009-07-01). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkish). Radikal. 49 sister cities in 2003 [deid airtin]
    12. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" Check |url= value (help). Ayuntamiento de Madrid. 
    13. "Sister Cities". [deid airtin]