Kaliningrad (Roushie: Калинингра́д; Pols: Królewiec; Lithuanie: Karaliaučius; Greek: Kalininopolis) is a seaport an the admeenistrative centre o Kaliningrad Oblast, the Roushie exclave atween Poland an Lithuanie on the Baltic Sea. The territory, the northren pairt o the umwhile East Prussie, borders on NATO an EU members Poland an Lithuanie, an is geographically separatit frae the rest o Roushie.

Kaliningrad

Калининград
Auld Königsberg amid the modren Kaliningrad
Auld Königsberg amid the modren Kaliningrad
Banner o Kaliningrad
Banner
Coat of airms o Kaliningrad
Coat airms
Location o Kaliningrad
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Coordinates: 54°43′N 20°31′E / 54.717°N 20.517°E / 54.717; 20.517Coordinates: 54°43′N 20°31′E / 54.717°N 20.517°E / 54.717; 20.517
KintraRoushie
Federal subjectKaliningrad Oblast
Foondit1255
Govrenment
 • BodiCeety Cooncil o Deputies
 • HeadAlexander Yaroshuk
Area
 • Total223.03 km2 (86.11 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 • Total431,402
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
475,056 (+10.1%)
 • Rank40th in 2010
 • Density1900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinatit taeceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[4]
 • Caipital oKaliningrad Oblast[5], ceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[4]
 • Urban okrugKaliningrad Urban Okrug[6]
 • Caipital oKaliningrad Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+2 ([7])
Postal code(s)[8]
236000
Dialin code(s)+7 4012
Ceety DayJuly 4; observit on the first Seturday o Julie
Twin tounsKlaipėda, Zeitz, Aalborg, Odense, Bremerhaven, Kiel, Rostock, Southampton, Cork, Kaunas, Panevėžys, Šiauliai, Vilnius, Groningen, Gdańsk, Elbląg, Łódź, Olsztyn, Racibórz, Toruń, Zabrze, Zwolle, Mexico Ceety, Malmö Municipality, Norfolk, Omsk, Brest, Cagliari, Cherbourg-Octeville, Dalian, Yerevan, Forli, Gomel, Hamburgh, Grodno, Kherson, Krasnoyarsk, Minsk, Potsdam, Samara, Turku, Yaroslavl, Patras, GdyniaEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID27701000001
Websitewww.klgd.ru

Oreeginally named Königsberg in German (Roushie: Кёнигсберг, Lithuanie: Karaliaučius, Pols: Królewiec, Auld Prussian: Twānkstathe an "Kunnegsgarbs", Laitin: Regiomontium), the toun wis founded in 1255, an wis lairgely destroyed durin Warld War II. Its ruins wur occupied bi the Soviet Airmy in 1945 an its German citizens forced oot. It wis renamed Kaliningrad in 1946 in honour o Mikhail Kalinin.

At the 2002 Census, its population wis 430,003, an increase frae the 401,280 recordit in the 1989 Census. Its ethnic composition is 77.9% Roushies, 8.0% Belaroushies, 7.3% Ukrainians, 1.9% Lithuanians,[9] 0.6% Germans, and 0.5% Poles.[10]

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns - sister ceetiesEedit

Kaliningrad is twinned wi:[11]

ReferencesEedit

  1. Offeecial wabsteid o Kaliningrad. Passport o Kaliningrad Urban Okrug. (in Roushie)
  2. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.
  4. a b Resolution #640
  5. Law #463
  6. a b Law #397
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Roushie). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  9. Kaliningrad Oblast
  10. Learn Russian in Russia
  11. a b c "Kaliningrad - Partner Cities". © 2000-2006 Kaliningrad City Hall. Retrieved 8 December 2008.[deid airtin]
  12. "Gdańsk Official Website: 'Miasta partnerskie'" (in Pols & Inglis). © 2009 Urząd Miejski w Gdańsku. Retrieved 11 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  13. "Twin Cities". The City of Łódź Office.     (in Inglis and Pols) © 2007 UMŁ. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
  14. "Malmö stads vänortssamarbete" (in Swadish). © 2004-2009 Malmö stad, 205 80 Malmö, Organisationsnummer: 212000-1124. Retrieved 27 Juin 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  15. "Biogas - on the "peaceful" purposes". Press service city hall. Retrieved 29 December 2003.[deid airtin]
  16. "Groningen - Partner Cities". © 2008 Gemeente Groningen, Kreupelstraat 1,9712 HW Groningen. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  17. "Ireland and Russia build a stragic partnership". Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  18. Kaliningrad information