Kaliningrad (Roushie: Калинингра́д; Pols: Królewiec; Lithuanie: Karaliaučius; Greek: Kalininopolis) is a seaport an the admeenistrative centre o Kaliningrad Oblast, the Roushie exclave atween Poland an Lithuanie on the Baltic Sea. The territory, the northren pairt o the umwhile East Prussie, borders on NATO an EU members Poland an Lithuanie, an is geographically separatit frae the rest o Roushie.


Auld Königsberg amid the modren Kaliningrad
Auld Königsberg amid the modren Kaliningrad
Banner o Kaliningrad
Coat of airms o Kaliningrad
Coat airms
Location o Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad is located in Roushie
Location o Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad (Kaliningrad Oblast)
Coordinates: 54°43′N 20°31′E / 54.717°N 20.517°E / 54.717; 20.517Coordinates: 54°43′N 20°31′E / 54.717°N 20.517°E / 54.717; 20.517
Federal subjectKaliningrad Oblast
 • BodiCeety Cooncil o Deputies
 • HeadAlexander Yaroshuk
 • Total223.03 km2 (86.11 sq mi)
5 m (16 ft)
 • Total431,402
 • Estimate 
475,056 (+10.1%)
 • Rank40th in 2010
 • Density1900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinatit taeceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[4]
 • Caipital oKaliningrad Oblast[5], ceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[4]
 • Urban okrugKaliningrad Urban Okrug[6]
 • Caipital oKaliningrad Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+2 ([7])
Postal code(s)[8]
Dialin code(s)+7 4012
Ceety DayJuly 4; observit on the first Seturday o Julie
Twin tounsZeitz, Bremerhaven, Brest, CagliariEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID27701000001

Oreeginally named Königsberg in German (Roushie: Кёнигсберг, Lithuanie: Karaliaučius, Pols: Królewiec, Auld Prussian: Twānkstathe an "Kunnegsgarbs", Laitin: Regiomontium, Scots: Queensbrig[9]), the toun wis founded in 1255, an wis lairgely destroyed durin Warld War II. Its ruins wur occupied bi the Soviet Airmy in 1945 an its German citizens forced oot. It wis renamed Kaliningrad in 1946 in honour o Mikhail Kalinin.

At the 2002 Census, its population wis 430,003, an increase frae the 401,280 recordit in the 1989 Census. Its ethnic composition is 77.9% Roushies, 8.0% Belaroushies, 7.3% Ukrainians, 1.9% Lithuanians,[10] 0.6% Germans, and 0.5% Poles.[11]

Internaitional relations eedit

Twin touns - sister ceeties eedit

Kaliningrad is twinned wi:[12]

References eedit

  1. Offeecial wabsteid o Kaliningrad. Passport o Kaliningrad Urban Okrug. (in Roushie)
  2. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.
  4. a b Resolution #640
  5. Law #463
  6. a b Law #397
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Roushie). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  9. "How the unassuming housing area of Burdiehouse has been revealed as ground zero for a rediscovery of Scots 'exonyms'". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2023.
  10. Kaliningrad Oblast
  11. "Learn Russian in Russia". Archived frae the original on 11 Januar 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  12. a b c "Kaliningrad - Partner Cities". © 2000-2006 Kaliningrad City Hall. Archived frae the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  13. "Gdańsk Official Website: 'Miasta partnerskie'" (in Pols & Inglis). © 2009 Urząd Miejski w Gdańsku. Archived frae the original on 23 Julie 2013. Retrieved 11 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  14. "Twin Cities". The City of Łódź Office.     (in Inglis and Pols) © 2007 UMŁ. Archived frae the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
  15. "Malmö stads vänortssamarbete" (in Swadish). © 2004-2009 Malmö stad, 205 80 Malmö, Organisationsnummer: 212000-1124. Archived frae the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 27 Juin 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  16. "Biogas - on the "peaceful" purposes". Press service city hall. Archived frae the original on 17 August 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2003.
  17. "Groningen - Partner Cities". © 2008 Gemeente Groningen, Kreupelstraat 1,9712 HW Groningen. Archived frae the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  18. "Ireland and Russia build a stragic partnership". Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  19. "Kaliningrad information". Archived frae the original on 23 October 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2010.