Federal subjects o Roushie

Roushie is a federation which, syne 1 Mairch 2008, consists o 83 federal subjects (Roushie: субъект федерации, subyekt federatsii).[1] They are kent as the constituent entities o the Roushie Federation. In 1993, when the Constitution o Roushie wis adoptit, there wur 89 federal subjects leetit. Bi 2008, the number o federal subjects haed been decreased tae 83 acause o several mergers.

The federal subjects are o equal federal richts in the sense that they hae equal representation— ilka ane haes twa delegates —in the Federation Cooncil (upper hoose o the Federal Assembly). They do, housomeivver, differ in the degree o autonomy they enjoy.

TypesEedit

Ilka federal subject belangs tae ane o the follaein types:

21 republics (Roushie: республика, respublika) — nominally autonomous, ilka ane haes its awn constitution an legislatur; is representit bi the federal govrenment in internaitional affairs; is meant tae be hame tae a specific ethnic minority.
46 oblasts (provinces; Roushie: область, oblast') — maist common type o federal subjects wi federally appointit govrenor an locally electit legislatur. Commonly namit efter their admeenistrative centers.
krais (territories; Roushie: край, kray)—essentially the same as oblasts. The title "territory" is historic, oreeginally gien acause they wur ance considered frontier regions.
autonomous oblast (autonomous province; Roushie: автономная область, avtonomnaya oblast')—the anerlie autonomous oblast is the Jewish Autonomous Oblast
autonomous okrugs (autonomous destricts; Roushie: автономный округ, avtonomny okrug) — wi substantial or predominant ethnic minority.
federal ceeties (Roushie: город федерального значения, gorod federal'nogo znacheniya) — major ceeties that function as separate regions.

ListEedit

 
Map
Code Name Caipital/Admeenistrative centre[a] Flag Coat
o airms
Teep Federal destrict Economic region Aurie
(km2)[2]
Population
[3]
Year
established
01 Adygea, Republic o Maykop     republic Soothren North Caucasus 7,600 447,109 1922
02 Bashkortostan, Republic o Ufa     republic Volga Ural 143,600 4,104,336 1919
03 Buryatie, Republic o Ulan-Ude     republic Far Eastren East Siberie 351,300 981,238 1923
04 Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk     republic Siberie Wast Siberie 92,600 202,947 1922
05 Dagestan, Republic o Makhachkala     republic North Caucasie North Caucasus 50,300 2,576,531 1921
06 Ingushetie, Republic o Magas
(Largest city: Nazran)
    republic North Caucasie North Caucasus 4,000 467,294 1992
07 Kabardino-Balkar Republic Nalchik     republic North Caucasie North Caucasus 12,500 901,494 1936
08 Kalmykie, Republic o Elista     republic Soothren Volga 76,100 292,410 1957
09 Karachay-Cherkess Republic Cherkessk     republic North Caucasian North Caucasus 14,100 439,470 1957
10 Karelie, Republic o Petrozavodsk     republic Northwastren Northren 172,400 716,281 1956
11 Komi Republic Syktyvkar     republic Northwastren Northren 415,900 1,018,674 1921
12 Mari El Republic Yoshkar-Ola     republic Volga Volga-Vyatka 23,200 727,979 1920
13 Mordovia, Republic o Saransk     republic Volga Volga-Vyatka 26,200 888,766 1930
14 Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Yakutsk     republic Far Eastren Far Eastren 3,103,200 949,280 1922
15 North Ossetie-Alanie, Republic o Vladikavkaz     republic North Caucasie North Caucasus 8,000 710,275 1924
16 Tatarstan, Republic o Kazan     republic Volga Volga 68,000 3,779,265 1920
17 Tuva Republic Kyzyl     republic Siberie East Siberie 170,500 305,510 1944
18 Udmurt Republic Izhevsk     republic Volga Ural 42,100 1,570,316 1920
19 Khakassie, Republic o Abakan     republic Siberie East Siberie 61,900 546,072 1930
20 Chechen Republic Grozny     republic North Caucasie North Caucasus 15,300 1,103,686 1991
21 Chuvash Republic Cheboksary     republic Volga Volga-Vyatka 18,300 1,313,754 1920
22 Altai Krai Barnaul     krai Siberie Wast Siberie 169,100 2,607,426 1937
23 Krasnodar Krai Krasnodar     krai Soothren North Caucasus 76,000 5,125,221 1937
24 Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk     krai Siberie East Siberie 2,339,700 2,966,042 1934
25 Primorsky Krai Vladivostok     krai Far Eastren Far Eastren 165,900 2,071,210 1938
26 Stavropol Krai Stavropol     krai North Caucasie North Caucasus 66,500 2,735,139 1934
27 Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk     krai Far Eastren Far Eastren 788,600 1,436,570 1938
28 Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk     oblast Far Eastren Far Eastren 363,700 902,844 1932
29 Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangelsk     oblast Northwastren Northren 587,400 1,336,539 1937
30 Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan     oblast Soothren Volga 44,100 1,005,276 1943
31 Belgorod Oblast Belgorod     oblast Central Central Black Yird 27,100 1,511,620 1954
32 Bryansk Oblast Bryansk     oblast Central Central 34,900 1,378,941 1944
33 Vladimir Oblast Vladimir     oblast Central Central 29,000 1,523,990 1944
34 Volgograd Oblast Volgograd     oblast Soothren Volga 113,900 2,699,223 1937
35 Vologda Oblast Vologda
(Lairgest ceety: Cherepovets)
    oblast Northwastren Northren 145,700 1,269,568 1937
36 Voronezh Oblast Voronezh     oblast Central Central Black Yird 52,400 2,378,803 1934
37 Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo     oblast Central Central 21,800 1,148,329 1936
38 Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk     oblast Siberie East Siberie 767,900 2,581,705 1937
39 Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad     oblast Northwastren Kaliningrad 15,100 955,281 1946
40 Kaluga Oblast Kaluga     oblast Central Central 29,900 1,041,641 1944
41 Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky     krai Far Eastren Far Eastren 472,300 358,801 2007
42 Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo     oblast Siberian Wast Siberie 95,500 2,899,142 1943
43 Kirov Oblast Kirov     oblast Volga Volga-Vyatka 120,800 1,503,529 1934
44 Kostroma Oblast Kostroma     oblast Central Central 60,100 736,641 1944
45 Kurgan Oblast Kurgan     oblast Ural Ural 71,000 1,019,532 1943
46 Kursk Oblast Kursk     oblast Central Central Black Yird 29,800 1,235,091 1934
47 Leningrad Oblast Lairgest ceety: Gatchina[b]     oblast Northwastren Northwastren 84,500 1,669,205 1927
48 Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk     oblast Central Central Black Yird 24,100 1,213,499 1954
49 Magadan Oblast Magadan     oblast Far Eastren Far Eastren 461,400 182,726 1953
50 Moscow Oblast Lairgest ceety: Balashikha[c]     oblast Central Central 44,300[4] 6,618,538 1929
51 Murmansk Oblast Murmansk     oblast Northwastren Northren 144,900 892,534 1938
52 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhny Novgorod     oblast Volga Volga-Vyatka 76,900 3,524,028 1936
53 Novgorod Oblast Veliky Novgorod     oblast Northwastren Northwastren 55,300 694,355 1944
54 Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk     oblast Siberie Wast Siberie 178,200 2,692,251 1937
55 Omsk Oblast Omsk     oblast Siberie Wast Siberie 139,700 2,079,220 1934
56 Orenburg Oblast Orenburg     oblast Volga Ural 124,000 2,179,551 1934
57 Oryol Oblast Oryol     oblast Central Central 24,700 860,262 1937
58 Penza Oblast Penza     oblast Volga Volga 43,200 1,452,941 1939
59 Perm Krai Perm     krai Volga Ural 160,600 2,819,421 2005
60 Pskov Oblast Pskov     oblast Northwastren Northwastren 55,300 760,810 1944
61 Rostov Oblast Rostov-on-Don     oblast Soothren North Caucasus 100,800 4,404,013 1937
62 Ryazan Oblast Ryazan     oblast Central Central 39,600 1,227,910 1937
63 Samara Oblast Samara     oblast Volga Volga 53,600 3,239,737 1928
64 Saratov Oblast Saratov     oblast Volga Volga 100,200 2,668,310 1936
65 Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk     oblast Far Eastren Far Eastren 87,100 546,695 1947
66 Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg     oblast Ural Ural 194,800 4,486,214 1935
67 Smolensk Oblast Smolensk     oblast Central Central 49,800 1,049,574 1937
68 Tambov Oblast Tambov     oblast Central Central Black Yird 34,300 1,178,443 1937
69 Tver Oblast Tver     oblast Central Central 84,100 1,471,459 1935
70 Tomsk Oblast Tomsk     oblast Siberian Wast Siberie 316,900 1,046,039 1944
71 Tula Oblast Tula     oblast Central Central 25,700 1,675,758 1937
72 Tyumen Oblast Tyumen     oblast Ural Wast Siberian 143,520 3,264,841 1944
73 Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk     oblast Volga Volga 37,300 1,382,811 1943
74 Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk     oblast Ural Ural 87,900 3,603,339 1934
75 Zabaykalsky Krai Chita     krai Far Eastren East Siberie 431,500 1,155,346 2008
76 Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl     oblast Central Central 36,400 1,367,398 1936
77 Moscow     federal ceety Central Central 2,511 10,382,754
78 Saunt Petersburg     federal ceety Northwastren Northwastren 1,439 4,662,547
79 Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan     autonomous oblast Far Eastren Far Eastren 36,000 190,915 1934
83 Nenets Autonomous Okrug Naryan-Mar     autonomous okrug Northwastren Northren 176,700 41,546 1929
86 Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra Khanty-Mansiysk
(Lairgest ceety: Surgut)
    autonomous okrug Ural Wast Siberie 523,100 1,432,817 1930
87 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr     autonomous okrug Far Eastren Far Eastren 737,700 53,824 1930
89 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
(Lairgest ceety: Noyabrsk)
    autonomous okrug Ural Wast Siberie 750,300 507,006 1930
91 Republic o Crimea[d] Simferopol     republic Soothren[5][6] North Caucasus 26,964[7] 1,966,801[8] 2014
92 Sevastopol[d]     federal ceety Soothren[5][6] North Caucasus 864[9] 379,200[9] 2014

a. ^ The lairgest ceety is an aw leetit whan it is different frae the caipital/admeenistrative centre.

b. ^ Accordin tae Airticle 13 o the Chairter o Leningrad Oblast, the govrenin bodies o the oblast are locatit in the ceety o St. Petersburg. Houiver, St. Petersburg is nae offeecially named tae be the admeenistrative centre o the oblast.

c. ^ According to Article 24 o the Chairter o Moscow Oblast, the govrenin bodies o the oblast are locatit in the ceety o Moscow an ootthrou the territory o Moscow Oblast. Houiver, Moscow is nae offeecially named tae be the admeenistrative centre o the oblast.

d. ^ Nae recognised internaitionally as a pairt o Roushie.

e. ^ In Februar 2000, the umwhile code o 20 for the Chechen Republic wis cancelled an replaced wi code 95. License plate production wis suspendit due tae the Chechen Wars, causin numerous issues, that in turn forced the region tae uise a new code.

See an awEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. Constitution, Article 65
  2. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Stateestics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Nummer o Destricts, Inhabitit Localities, an Rural Admeenistration bi Federal Subjects o the Roushie Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2008.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  3. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Stateestics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population o Roushie, its federal destricts, federal subjects, destricts, urban localities, rural localities—admeenistrative centres, an rural localities wi population o ower 3,000)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Juin 2008.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators – 2015 (in Roushie). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 26 Julie 2016.
  5. a b "Crimea becomes part of vast Southern federal district of Russia". Retrieved 29 Julie 2016.
  6. a b "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. 21 Mairch 2014. Archived frae the original on 22 Mairch 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  7. "Autonomous Republic of Crimea". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Retrieved 25 Mairch 2014.
  8. "Population as of February 1, 2014. Average annual populations January 2014". ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  9. a b "A General data of the region". Sevastopol City State Administration. Archived frae the original on Februar 11, 2014. Retrieved Apryle 7, 2014.

SourcesEedit

  • 12 декабря 1993 г. «Конституция Российской Федерации», в ред. Федерального конституционного закона №7-ФКЗ от 30 декабря 2008 г. Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская газета", №237, 25 декабря 1993 г. (December 12, 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation, as amended by the Federal Constitutional Law #7-FKZ of December 30, 2008. Effective as of the official publication date.).