Oryol Oblast (Roushie: Орло́вская о́бласть, Orlovskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Oryol. Population: 786,935 (2010 Census).[5]

Oryol Oblast
Орловская область
Banner o Oryol Oblast
Coat of airms o Oryol Oblast
Coat airms
Coordinates: 52°51′N 36°26′E / 52.850°N 36.433°E / 52.850; 36.433Coordinates: 52°51′N 36°26′E / 52.850°N 36.433°E / 52.850; 36.433
Federal destrictCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
EstablishedSeptember 27, 1937
Admeenistrative centerOryol
 • BodiOblast Council of People's Deputies
 • GovrenorAlexander Kozlov[3]
 • Total24700 km2 (9,500 sq mi)
Area rank70t
 (2010 Census)[5]
 • Total786,935
 • Estimate 
747,247 (−5%)
 • Rank63rd
 • Density32/km2 (83/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC+3 (Moscow Time Edit this on Wikidata[7])
ISO 3166 codeRU-ORL
License plates57
OKTMO ID54000000
Offeecial leidsRoushie[8]

Geography eedit

It is locatit in the soothwastren pairt o the Central Federal Destrict, in the Mid-Roushie Hielands. Kaluga an Tula Oblasts border it in the north, Bryansk Oblast is locatit tae the wast, Kursk Oblast—tae the sooth, an Lipetsk Oblast is tae the east. Frae north tae sooth, it extends for mair nor 150 kilometer (93 mi), an frae wast tae east—for ower 200 kilometer (120 mi). In terms of aurie, at 24,700 square kilometer (9,500 sq mi) it is ane o the smawest federal subjects.[9]

The climate is temperate. The average Januar temperature is −8 °C (18 °F) an the average Julie temperatur is +18 °C (64 °F). Rainfaw averages 490 tae 590 mm, an snaw civer averages 126 days.

Thare are 4,800 square kilometer (1,900 sq mi) o black earth soils (chernozems) in the oblast, which amounts tae three-quarters o the warld chernozem reserves.[9]

History eedit

It wis creatit in 1937 oot o three ither oblasts: Kursk Oblast, Wastren Oblast, an Voronezh Oblast. It includit present Bryansk Oblast atween 1937-1944 an aw.

Admeenistrative diveesions eedit

Economy eedit

The main industries in Oryol Oblast are the fuid an licht industries, ingineerin an metalwirkin, an ferrous an nonferrous metallurgy. The ingineerin an metalwirkin industries manufacture production equipment for various industries, forklift trucks, construction an agricultural equipment, an machinery for municipal services. Numerous companies in the instrument-makkin an electronics sectors maintain heich scienteefic an technical potential wi the latest heich-end technologies an experienced specialists.[10]

Agricultur eedit

Maist o the oblast's agricultural land is uised for plant cultivation. Grain growin is vera important, wi winter wheat an rye bein the main crops. Buckwheat, aits, baurley, an potatoes are an aw grown, an succar beets are in great demand. The aurie plantit in feed grains is increasin due tae the expansion o fermstockin fermin, which includes beef an dairy cattle fermin, pig fermin, sheep fermin for meat an oo, poultry fermin, an horse breedin.[11]

Demographics eedit

Population: 786,935 (2010 Census);[5] 860,262 (2002 Census);[12] 890,636 (1989 Census).[13]

  • Births: 8,345 (10.2 per 1000)
  • Daiths: 14,116 (17.3 per 1000)[14]

Ethnic composition (2010):[5]

  • Roushies - 96.1%
  • Ukrainians - 1%
  • Ithers - 2.9%
  • 17,468 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud nae declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[15]

References eedit

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Offeecial wabsteid o Oryol Oblast. Alexander Kozlov, Govrenor o Oryol Oblast Archived 2021-01-31 at the Wayback Machine (in Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 November 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. a b c d Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  6. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/demo/Popul2018.xls.
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. Offeecial ootthrou the Roushie Federation accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  9. a b "Orel Region". Retrieved 29 November 2006.
  10. Oryol Oblast
  11. Oryol Region
  12. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  13. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  14. GKS.ru[deid airtin] (in Roushie)
  15. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 26 Januar 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Freemit airtins eedit