Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug (Roushie: Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг — Югра́, Khanty-Mansiysky avtonomny okrug – Yugra), an aw kent as Yugra, is a federal subject o Roushie (an autonomous okrug o Tyumen Oblast). Population: 1,532,243 (2010 Census).[5]

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Ханты-Мансийский автономный округ — Югра
Banner o Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Banner
Coat of airms o Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Coat airms
Khanty-Mansi in Russia.svg
Coordinates: 62°15′N 70°10′E / 62.250°N 70.167°E / 62.250; 70.167Coordinates: 62°15′N 70°10′E / 62.250°N 70.167°E / 62.250; 70.167
KintraRoushie
Federal destrictUrals[1]
Economic regionWast Siberie[2]
EstablishedDecember 10, 1930
Admeenistrative centerKhanty-Mansiysk
Govrenment
 • BodiDuma
 • GovrenorNatalya Komarova[3]
Area
 • Total534800 km2 (206,500 sq mi)
Area rank9th
Population
 (2010 Census)[5]
 • Total1,532,243
 • Rank29t
 • Density2.9/km2 (7.4/sq mi)
 • Urban
91.5%
 • Rural
8.5%
Time zoneUTC+5 ([6])
ISO 3166 codeRU-KHM
License plates86
OKTMO ID71800000
Offeecial leidsRoushie[7]
Websitehttp://www.admhmao.ru/

The people native tae the region are the Khanty an the Mansi, kent collectively as Ob Ugric fowk. The local leids, Khanty leid an Mansi leid, which are relatit tae Hungarian, enjoy special status in the autonomous okrug, while Roushie remains the anerlie offeecial leid.

The majority o the ile producit in Roushie comes frae Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, givin the region great economic importance.

GeographyEedit

Principal rivers are the Ob an its tributary the Irtysh.

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug is traversed bi the northeasterly line o equal latitude an langitude.

Admeenistrative diveesionsEedit

DemographicsEedit

Population: 1,532,243 (2010 Census);[5] 1,432,817 (2002 Census);[8] 1,268,439 (1989 Census).[9]

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug haes an aurie o 523,100 km², but the aurie is spairsely populatit. The admeenistrative centre is Khanty-Mansiysk, but the lairgest ceeties are Surgut, Nizhnevartovsk, an Nefteyugansk.

Ethnic groupsEedit

The indigenous population (Khanty, Mansi, an Nenets) is anly 2% o the tot population. The exploitation o naitural gas in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug haes attracted immigrants frae aw ower the umwhile Soviet Union. The 2010 Census counted twinty-five ethnic groups o mair nor twa thoosand persons each. The ethnic composition is as follows:

Population o Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug[10]
Roushie 68.1% Mansi 0.8%
Ukrainian 6.4% Kumyk 1%
Tatar 7.6% Lezgin 0.9%
Bashkir 2.5% German 0.5%
Azeri 1.8% Uzbek 0.7%
Belaroushies 1% Chechen 0.5%
Khanty 1.3% Armenian 0.4%
Chuvash 0.9% Ither 3.4%
Moldovan 0.7%

Historical population figures are shawn belaw:

Ethnic
group
1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Khanty 12,238 13.1% 11,435 9.2% 12,222 4.5% 11,219 2.0% 11,892 0.9% 17,128 1.2% 19,068 1.3%
Mansi 5,768 6.2% 5,644 4.6% 6,684 2.5% 6,156 1.1% 6,562 0.5% 9,894 0.7% 10,977 0.8%
Nenets 852 0.9% 815 0.7% 940 0.3% 1,003 0.2% 1,144 0.1% 1,290 0.1% 1,438 0.1%
Komi 2,436 2.6% 2,803 2.3% 3,150 1.2% 3,105 0.5% 3,000 0.2% 3,081 0.2% 2,364 0.2%
Roushies 67,616 72.5% 89,813 72.5% 208,500 76.9% 423,792 74.3% 850,297 66.3% 946,590 66.1% 973,978 68.1%
Ukrainians 1,111 1.2% 4,363 3.5% 9,986 3.7% 45,484 8.0% 148,317 11.6% 123,238 8.6% 91,323 6.4%
Tatars 2,227 2.4% 2,938 2.4% 14,046 5.2% 36,898 6.5% 97,689 7.6% 107,637 7.5% 108,899 7.6%
Ithers 1,026 1.1% 6,115 4.9% 15,629 5.8% 43,106 7.6% 163,495 12.7% 223,959 15.6% 173,536 12.6%
1 102,138 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[11]

Vital statisticsEedit

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Daiths Natural chynge Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude daith rate (per 1000) Natural chynge (per 1000)
1970 281 5 959 2 025 3 934 21.2 7.2 14.0
1975 415 9 450 2 572 6 878 22.8 6.2 16.6
1980 649 13 901 4 116 9 785 21.4 6.3 15.1
1985 1 041 25 130 4 863 20 267 24.1 4.7 19.5
1990 1 274 21 812 5 354 16 458 17.1 4.2 12.9
1991 1 276 19 060 5 884 13 176 14.9 4.6 10.3
1992 1 270 15 849 7 132 8 717 12.5 5.6 6.9
1993 1 274 14 531 9 401 5 130 11.4 7.4 4.0
1994 1 286 15 120 9 937 5 183 11.8 7.7 4.0
1995 1 298 14 418 10 041 4 377 11.1 7.7 3.4
1996 1 310 14 469 9 508 4 961 11.0 7.3 3.8
1997 1 330 14 640 8 497 6 143 11.0 6.4 4.6
1998 1 351 15 600 8 164 7 436 11.5 6.0 5.5
1999 1 359 14 728 8 476 6 252 10.8 6.2 4.6
2000 1 372 15 579 9 426 6 153 11.4 6.9 4.5
2001 1 398 17 130 9 863 7 267 12.3 7.1 5.2
2002 1 426 19 051 9 829 9 222 13.4 6.9 6.5
2003 1 445 19 883 10 000 9 883 13.8 6.9 6.8
2004 1 456 20 377 9 828 10 549 14.0 6.8 7.2
2005 1 466 19 958 10 415 9 543 13.6 7.1 6.5
2006 1 476 20 366 10 077 10 289 13.8 6.8 7.0
2007 1 487 21 887 10 093 11 794 14.7 6.8 7.9
2008 1 500 23 197 10 215 12 982 15.5 6.8 8.7
2009 1 513 23 840 10 107 13 733 15.8 6.7 9.1
2010 1 527 25 089 10 447 14 642 16.4 6.8 9.6

ReleegionEedit

A majority o the population is Orthodox Christian, while a significant minority (aboot 17%) o the population follaes Islam.

TransportEedit

In the Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra, primary transport o guids accoontit for watter an railwey transport, 29% is transportit bi road, an 2% aviation. The tot lenth o railwey tracks 1106 km. The lenth o roads, mair nor 18000.

ReferencesEedit

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Official website of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. Natalya Vladimirovna Komarova, Govrenor o Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (in Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 November 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. a b c Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. Offeecial ootthrou the Roushie Federation accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  8. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  9. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  10. "National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation" (XLS). 2010 Russian All-Population Census. 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2011. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936

Freemit airtinsEedit