Lima is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Peru. It is locatit in the valleys o the Chillón, Rímac an Lurín rivers, on a desert coast owerleukin the Paceefic Ocean. Thegither wi the seaport o Callao, it forms a contiguous urban aurie kent as the Lima Metropolitan Aurie. Wi a population fast approachin 9 million, Lima is the fift lairgest ceety in Latin Americae, efter Mexico Ceety, São Paulo, Buenos Aires an Rio de Janeiro. Lima haes been defined as a beta warld ceety.

Lima, Peru
Lima, Peru
Official seal of Lima
Ceety o Keengs
Hoc signum vere regum est −
Lima Province an Lima athin Peru
Lima Province an Lima athin Peru
Coordinates: 12°2′36″S 77°1′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833Coordinates: 12°2′36″S 77°1′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833
RegionLima Region
ProvinceLima Province
Destricts43 destricts
 • TeepMayor–cooncil govrenment
 • MayorJorge Muñoz (2019-2022)
 • City2672.3 km2 (1,031.8 sq mi)
 • Urban
800 km2 (300 sq mi)
 • Metro
2819.3 km2 (1,088.5 sq mi)
0–1548 m (0–5079 ft)
 • City10,852,210
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Limean (Spaingie: Limeño/a)
Time zoneUTC−5 (PET)

Lima wis foondit bi Spaingie conquistador Francisco Pizarro on Januar 18, 1535, as La Ciudad de los Reyes, or "The Ceety o Keengs." It became the caipital an maist important ceety in the Spainyie Viceroyalty o Peru. Follaein the Peruvian War o Unthirldom, it became the caipital o the Republic o Peru. The day, aroond ane-third o the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan aurie.



Accordin tae early Spaingie chronicles the Lima aurie wis ance cried Itchyma, efter its oreeginal inhabitants. Housomeivver, even afore the Inca occupation o the aurie in the 15t century, a famous oracle in the Rímac valley haed come to be kent bi visitors as limaq (limaq, pronoonced [ˈlimɑq], which means "talker" in coastal Quechua). This oracle wis eventually destroyed bi the Spaingie an replacit wi a kirk, but the name persistit in the local leid, thus the chronicles shaw "Límac" replacin "Ychma" as the common name for the aurie.

Internaitional relations


Twin touns — Sister ceeties


Lima is twinned wi:[2]


  1. "INEI: Lima cuenta con 9 millones 752 mil habitantes". Archived frae the original on 25 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 21 Apryle 2017.
  2. Sister Cities International, Online Directory: Peru, Americas. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  3. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Archived frae the original on 23 October 2016. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  4. "Sister Cities of Manila". © 2008–2009 City Government of Manila. Archived frae the original on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 2 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  5. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" Check |url= value (help). Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  6. "Prefeitura.Sp - Descentralized Cooperation". Archived frae the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 21 Februar 2011.
  7. "International Relations - São Paulo City Hall - Official Sister Cities". Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.