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For ither uises, see Lima (disambiguation).

Lima is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Peru. It is locatit in the valleys o the Chillón, Rímac an Lurín rivers, on a desert coast owerleukin the Paceefic Ocean. Thegither wi the seaport o Callao, it forms a contiguous urban aurie kent as the Lima Metropolitan Aurie. Wi a population fast approachin 9 million, Lima is the fift lairgest ceety in Latin Americae, efter Mexico Ceety, São Paulo, Buenos Aires an Rio de Janeiro. Lima haes been defined as a beta warld ceety.

Lima
Lima, Peru
Lima, Peru
Offeecial seal o Lima
Seal
Nickname(s): Ceety o Keengs

Motto(s): Hoc signum vere regum est

Lima Province an Lima athin Peru
Lima Province an Lima athin Peru
Coordinates: 12°2′36″S 77°1′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833Coordinates: 12°2′36″S 77°1′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833
Kintra Peru
Region Lima Region
Province Lima Province
Destricts 43 destricts
Govrenment
 • Teep Mayor–cooncil govrenment
 • Mayor Jorge Muñoz (2019-2022)
Aurie
 • City 2,672.3 km2 (1,031.8 sq mi)
 • Urban 800 km2 (300 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,819.3 km2 (1,088.5 sq mi)
Elevation 0–1,548 m (0–5,079 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Ceety 10,852,210
 • Density 4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 9,752,000
 • Metro density 3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)
 • Demonym Limean (Spaingie: Limeño/a)
Time zone PET (UTC−5)
Wabsteid www.munlima.gob.pe

Lima wis foondit bi Spaingie conquistador Francisco Pizarro on Januar 18, 1535, as La Ciudad de los Reyes, or "The Ceety o Keengs." It became the caipital an maist important ceety in the Spainyie Viceroyalty o Peru. Follaein the Peruvian War o Unthirldom, it became the caipital o the Republic o Peru. The day, aroond ane-third o the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan aurie.

EtymologyEedit

Accordin tae early Spaingie chronicles the Lima aurie wis ance cried Itchyma, efter its oreeginal inhabitants. Housomeivver, even afore the Inca occupation o the aurie in the 15t century, a famous oracle in the Rímac valley haed come to be kent bi visitors as limaq (limaq, pronoonced [ˈlimɑq], which means "talker" in coastal Quechua). This oracle wis eventually destroyed bi the Spaingie an replacit wi a kirk, but the name persistit in the local leid, thus the chronicles shaw "Límac" replacin "Ychma" as the common name for the aurie.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Lima is twinned wi:[2]

ReferencesEedit

  1. "INEI: Lima cuenta con 9 millones 752 mil habitantes". larepublica.pe. 
  2. Sister Cities International, Online Directory: Peru, Americas. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  3. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  4. "Sister Cities of Manila". © 2008–2009 City Government of Manila. Retrieved 2009-07-02.  Freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  5. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" Check |url= value (help). Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  6. Prefeitura.Sp - Descentralized Cooperation
  7. "International Relations - São Paulo City Hall - Official Sister Cities". Prefeitura.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 2010-04-17.