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Coordinates: 15°00′N 86°30′W / 15.000°N 86.500°W / 15.000; -86.500

Republic o Honduras
República de Honduras (Spaingie)
Motto: 
  • "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spaingie)
  • "Free, Sovereign an Independent"
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Honduras"
"Naitional Anthem o Honduras"
Location o Honduras
Caipital
and largest city
Tegucigalpa
14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.100°N 87.217°W / 14.100; -87.217
Offeecial leids Spaingie
Ethnic groups ([1])
Demonym
  • Honduran
  • Catracho(a)
Govrenment Presidential republic
• President
Juan Orlando Hernández
Ricardo Álvarez Arias
Mauricio Oliva
Legislatur Naitional Congress
Unthirldom
• Declaredb frae Spain
15 September 1821
• Declared frae the
First Mexican Empire
1 Julie 1823
• Declared, as Honduras, frae the Federal Republic o Central Americae
5 November 1838
Aurie
• Total
112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) (102nt)
Population
• 2017 estimate
8,866,351 (95t)
• 2007 census
7,529,403
• Density
64/km2 (165.8/sq mi) (128t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$45.628 billion[2]
• Per capita
$5,492[2]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$21.790 billion[2]
• Per capita
$2,623[2]
Gini (1992–2007) 55.3[3]
heich
HDI (2014) Increase 0.606[4]
medium · 131st
Currency Lempira (HNL)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Drivin side right
Cawin code +504
ISO 3166 code HN
Internet TLD .hn
  1. Mixtur o European an American Indian.
  2. As pairt o the Federal Republic o Central America.
Population estimates explicitly tak intae account the effects o excess mortality due tae AIDS; this can result in lawer life expectancy, heicher infant mortality an daith rates, lawer population an growthe rates, an cheenges in the distribution o population bi age an sex than wad itherwise be expectit, as o Julie 2007.

Honduras (pronounced /hɒnˈdʊərəs/ (deprecatit template), Spaingie: República de Honduras, pronoonced: [reˈpuβlika ðe onˈduɾas]), kent offeecially as the Republic o Honduras, is a republic in Central Americae. It wis umwhile kent as Spainyie Honduras tae differentiate it frae Breetish Honduras (nou Belize). The kintra is bordered tae the wast bi Guatemala, tae the soothwast bi El Salvador, tae the sootheast bi Nicaragua, tae the sooth bi the Paceefic Ocean at the Guwf o Fonseca, an tae the north bi the Gulf o Honduras, a lairge inlet o the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras wis hame tae several important Mesoamerican culturs, maist notably the Maya, afore the Spaingie invadit in the saxteent century. The Spaingie introduced Roman Catholicism an the nou predominant Spaingie leid, alang wi numerous customs that hae blendit wi the indigenous cultur. Honduras becam independent in 1821 an haes syne been a republic, awtho it haes consistently endured muckle social strife an poleetical instability, an remeens ane o the puirest kintras in the Wastren Hemisphere. In 1960, the northren pairt o whit wis the Mosquito Coast wis transferred frae Nicaragua tae Honduras bi the Internaitional Coort o Juistice.[5]

The naition's economy is primarily agricultural, makkin it especially vulnerable tae naitural disasters sic as Hurricane Mitch in 1998.[6] The lawer cless is primarily agriculturally based while walth is concentratit in the kintra's urban centres.[7] Honduras haes a Human Development Index o 0.625, classifeein it as a naition wi medium development.[8] Whan the Index is adjuistit for income inequality, its Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index is 0.443.[8]

Honduran society is predominantly Mestizo; houiver, American Indian, black an white individuals an aw leeve in Honduras (2017).[9] The naition haed a relatively heich poleetical stability till its 2009 coup an again wi the 2017 presidential election.[10] Honduras haes the warld's heichest murther rate an heich levels o sexual veeolence.[11][12]

Honduras spans aboot 112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) an haes a population exceedin 9 million.[13] Its northren portions are pairt o the Wastren Caribbean Zone, as reflectit in the aurie's demograpics an cultur. Honduras is kent for its rich naitural resoorces, includin meenerals, coffee, tropical fruit, an succar cane, as weel as for its growin textiles industrie, that serves the internaitional mercat.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Honduras". The World Fact Book. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Honduras". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  3. 1992–2007: "Human Development Report 2009 – M Economy and inequality – Gini index". Human Development Report Office, United Nations Development Programme. Archived frae the oreeginal on 17 October 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  4. "Human Development Report 2015" (PDF). United Nations. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  5. "Mosquito Coast". Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-08-03. 
  6. McSweeney, Kendra, et al. "Climate-Related Disaster Opens a Window of Opportunity for Rural Poor in Northeastern Honduras." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 108, no. 13, 2011, pp. 5203–5208. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41125677.
  7. Merrill, Tim, ed. (1995). "War with El Salvador". Honduras. Library of Congress Country Studies. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Human Development Report 2016: Human Development for Everyone" (PDF). 
  9. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov (in Inglis). Retrieved 2017-11-26. 
  10. Ruhl, J. Mark. "Agrarian Structure and Political Stability in Honduras." Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, vol. 26, no. 1, 1984, pp. 33–68. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/165506.
  11. Parkinson, Charles (21 April 2014). "Latin America is World's Most Violent Region: UN". InSight Crime. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  12. Hawkins, Darren, and Melissa Humes. "Human Rights and Domestic Violence." Political Science Quarterly, vol. 117, no. 2, 2002, pp. 231–257. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/798182.
  13. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.