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republic in Central Americae

Guatemala (pronounced /ˌɡwɑːtəˈmɑːlə/ (deprecatit template); Spaingie: República de Guatemala, Spaingie pronunciation: [reˈpuβlika ðe ɣwateˈmala]), kent offeecially as the Republic o Guatemala is a kintra in Central Americae bordered bi Mexico tae the northwast, the Paceefic Ocean tae the soothwast, Belize tae the northaest, the Caribbean tae the east, an Honduras an El Salvador tae the sootheast.

Republic o Guatemala
República de Guatemala
  • "Libre Crezca Fecundo"[1]
  • "El País de la Eterna Primavera"
  • "The Laund o the Eternal Spring"[2]
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Guatemala
Naitional anthem o Guatemala
Location o Guatemala
and largest city
Guatemala Ceety
14°38′N 90°30′W / 14.633°N 90.500°W / 14.633; -90.500
Offeecial leids Spaingie
Ethnic groups (2010)
Demonym Guatemalan
Govrenment Unitar presidential republic
• Preses
Alejandro Maldonado (actin)
Legislatur Congress of the Republic
Unthirldom frae the Spaingie Empire
• Declared
15 September 1821
• Declared fre the
First Mexican Empire
1 Julie 1823
• Current constitution
31 Mey 1985
• Total
108,889 km2 (42,042 sq mi) (107t)
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
15,806,675[3] (66t)
• Density
129/km2 (334.1/sq mi) (85t)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$124.941 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Tot
$66.037 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2007) 55.1
HDI (2011) Steady 0.574[5]
medium · 125th
Currency Quetzal (GTQ)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +502
ISO 3166 code GT
Internet TLD .gt

A representative democracy, its caipital is Guatemala Ceety. Guatemala's abundance o biologically significant an unique ecoseestems contributes tae Mesoamericae's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.


The oreegin o the name "Guatemala" is unclear, but several theories exist. "Guatemala" is derived frae "Goathemala", which means "the laund o the trees" in the Maya-Toltec leid. Anither theory is that it comes frae the Nahuatl expression "Cuauhtitlan", meanin "atween the trees". Cuauhtitlan wis the name the Tlaxcaltecan sodgers who accompaniet Pedro de Alvarado durin the Spaingie Conquest gae tae this territory. Lastly, thare is a theory that it is the Spaingie corruption o a Nahoa wird coactmoct-lan, meanin "laund o the snake eatin bird".