Tlaxcala (Spaingie: [tɬa(k)sˈkala], Nahuatl: [tɬaʃˈkalːan]), offeecially Free an Sovereign State o Tlaxcala (Spaingie: Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala), is ane o the 31 states which alang wi the Federal Destrict comprise the 32 federative entities o Mexico. It is dividit intae 60 municipalities an its caipital ceety is Tlaxcala.

Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala
Banner o Tlaxcala
Official seal of Tlaxcala
Cuna de la Nación
(Cradle o the Naition)
Anthem: Himno a Tlaxcala
State o Tlaxcala athin Mexico
State o Tlaxcala athin Mexico
Coordinates: 19°25′44″N 98°09′39″W / 19.42889°N 98.16083°W / 19.42889; -98.16083
CaipitalTlaxcala de Xicohténcatl
Lairgest CeetyVicente Guerrero
AdmissionDecember 9, 1856[1]
 • GovrenorMariano González Zarur PRI
 • Senators[2]Alfonso Sánchez PRD
Minerva Hernández PRD
Rosalía Peredo PAN
 • Deputies[3]
 • Total3991 km2 (1,541 sq mi)
 Rankit 31st
Highest elevation4420 m (14,500 ft)
 • Total1,169,936
 • Rank28t
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
 • Density rank3rd
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
Aurie code
ISO 3166 codeMX-TLA
HDIIncrease 0.808 High Rankit 23rd
GDPUS$ 3,601,104.7 th[a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP wis 46,094,141 thoosan o pesos in 2008,[7] amunt correspondin tae 3,601,104.7 thoosan of dollars, being a dollar wirth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[8]

It is locatit in East-Central Mexico, in the altiplano region, wi the eastren portion dominatit bi the Sierra Madre Oriental.[9] It is bordered bi the states o Puebla tae the north, east an sooth, México tae the wast an Hidalgo tae the northwast. It is the smawest state o the republic, accoontin for anerlie 0.2% o the kintra’s territory.[9]

The state is namit efter its caipital, Tlaxcala, which wis the name o the pre-Hispanic ceety an cultur an aw. The Tlaxcalans alleed thairsels wi the Spaingie tae defeat the Aztecs, wi concessions frae the Spaingie that allouit the territory tae remain maistly intact throughoot 300 years o colonial period.[10] Efter Mexican Unthirldom, Tlaxcala wis declared a federal territory, till 1857 when it wis admittit as a state o the federation.

Maist o the state’s economy is based on agricultur, licht industry an tourism. The tourist industry is ruitit in Tlaxcala’s lang history wi major attractions bein aircheological steids sic as Cacaxtla an colonial constructions in an aroond Tlaxcala ceety.[11]


  1. "Portal Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala" (in Spanish). Archived frae the original on 27 December 2009. Retrieved 30 Mey 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "Senadores por Tlaxcala LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Tlaxcala". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Archived frae the original on 23 Julie 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Archived frae the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  6. "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  7. "Tlaxcala". 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  8. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano". Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  9. a b "Geografia" (in Spanish). Tlaxcala: State of Tlaxcala. Archived frae the original on 14 August 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  10. Schmal, John P (2004). "The History of the Tlaxcalans". Houston Institute for Culture. Houston: Houston Institute for Culture.
  11. Solis, Felipe (2000). "Herencia arqueológica en Tlaxcala". Mexico Desconocido:Tlaxcala (in Spanish). Mexico City: Editorial Mexico Desconocido. 106: 7–13. ISSN 0188-5146.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)

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