In politics, a caipital ceety (cried heidtoun, heidsteid or poleetical caipital anaw — awtho the latter haes a seicont meinin based on anither sense o "caipital") is the heid ceetie or toun associatit wi a kintra's govrenment. It is awmaist aye the ceetie that pheesicalie hauds the offices an meetin steids o the seat o govrenment an is fixt bi law.

The wird caipital cums frae the Laitin caput meinin "heid".

Seats o govrenment in mukkil sub-kintra stewartries is aften cried "capitals", but this is forordnar the case anerlie in kintras wi sum amoont o federalism, whaur mukkil sub-kintra stewartries haes an element o sovereignty. In unitary kintras, "admeenistrative centur" or ither siclyk terms is forordnar uised. For byspel, the seat o government in a state o the Unitit States o Americae is forordnar cried its "caipital", but the main ceetie in a region o Ingland isna. At lawer admeenistrative subdiveesions, terms sic as coontie toun, coontie seat, or burgh seat is forordnar uised.

In ither senses, the wird "caipital" is uised ti mein "heidsteid" (heidquarters).