Ingland Listeni/ˈɪŋɡlənd/ is a kintra that is pairt o the Unitit Kinrick.[2][3][4]


Banner o Ingland
Location o  Ingland  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the United Kingdom  (green)
Location o  Ingland  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the United Kingdom  (green)

51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Lairgest ceetycapital
National leidInglis
Regional leids
Ethnic groups
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
5t–6t century
10t century
1 Mey 1707
• Total
130,395 km2 (50,346 sq mi)
• 2011 census
• Density
407/km2 (1,054.1/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2009 estimate
• Tot
$2.68 trillion
• Per capita
CurrencyPoond sterling (GBP)
Time zoneGMT (UTC)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+44
ISO 3166 codeGB-ENG



The name "Ingland" cums fae the Auld Inglis name Engla (or Angla) land, whilka daes mein "laund o the Angles"[5]. The Angles a war ane o the Germanic tribes wha sattelt in Great Breetain in the Aerlie Middil Eilds. The Angles cam fae the "Angeln" hauf-iland in the Bay o Kiel aurie. Cordin til the Oxford English Dictionary, the farst kent uiss o "Ingland" referrin til the soothren pairt o the iland o Greit Britain wis in 897, an its modren Inglis spellin wis farst bruikit in 1538.[6]

The etymologie o the tribal name itsel is argiet bi skolarts; it haes been jalousit that it cums fae the shape o the Angeln hauf-iland, an angular shape. Hou an why a term derivit fae the name o a tribe that wis less significant than ithers, sic as the Saxons, cam ti be bruikit for the hail kintra an its fowk is unkent, but it seems this is relatit til the custom o cawin the Germanic fowk in Britain Angli Saxones or Inglis Saxons.[7]

An alternativ name for Ingland is Albion. The name Albion originalie referrit til the hail iland o Greit Britain. The aerliest record o the name kyths in the Aristotelitian Corpus, specificalie the 4t yeirhunder BC: "Ayont the Pillars o Hercules is the oshian that flowes aroond the Yird. In it ar twa gey mukkil ilands caw'd Britannia; thir ar Albion an Ierne". The wird Albion (Ἀλβίων) or insula Albionum haes twa possibil springheids. It ither cums fae the Laitin albus meinin "white", a referenss til the white cliffs o Dover, whilka is the farst sicht o Britain fae the European Continent.[8] Anither springheid is suggestit bi the aunshient mertshand's haundbuik Massaliote Periplus, whilka mentions an "iland o the Albiones".

A lot o historic Ingland's enemies, as the French, the Scots an aw, refer sumtyms til Ingland as "Perfidious Albion", ("La Perfide Albion" in French). This is an anglofobic name whilka seems ti be naitionalist an maistlins racist, the-day. But etymologicalie, "perfidious" anerlie meins: "whilka or wha disnae kep its, his or hir hecht, promiss".


  1. "2011 Census: KS201EW Ethnic group: local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2014.
  2. Office for National Statistics. "The Countries of the UK". Archived frae the original on 20 December 2008. Retrieved 1 Februar 2009.
  3. "Countries within a country". Archived frae the original on 9 Februar 2008. Retrieved 1 Februar 2009.
  4. "Changes in the list of subdivision names and code elements (Page 11)" (PDF). International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 1 Februar 2009.
  5. Etymonline gies a etymology o the wird "Ingland" (in Inglis)
  6. "Leuk at airticle "England"". Archived frae the original on 25 Juin 2006. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  7. David Crystal, The Stories of English. The Overlook Press.
  8. Adrian Room (2006). Placenames of the World. McFarland.