Hidalgo (state)

Hidalgo (Spaingie pronunciation: [iˈðalɣo]), offeecially Free an sovereign State o Hidalgo (Spaingie: Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo), is ane o the 31 states that, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit in 84 municipalities an its caipital ceety is Pachuca de Soto.

Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo
Banner o Hidalgo
Coat of airms o Hidalgo
Coat airms
Official logo of Hidalgo
State o Hidalgo athin Mexico
State o Hidalgo athin Mexico
Coordinates: 20°28′42″N 98°51′49″W / 20.47833°N 98.86361°W / 20.47833; -98.86361
CaipitalPachuca de Soto
Lairgest CeetyPachuca de Soto
Admission16 Januar 1869[1]
 • GovrenorFrancisco Olvera ()
 • Senators[2]Jesús Murillo Karam PRI
José Guadarrama PRD
Francisco X. Berganza
 • Deputies[3]
 • Total20846 km2 (8,049 sq mi)
 Ranked 26t
Highest elevation3350 m (10,990 ft)
 • Total2,665,018
 • Rank17t
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Density rank8t
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
Aurie code
ISO 3166 codeMX-HGO
HDIIncrease 0.796 Medium Ranked 27t
GDPUS$ 9,987,649.06 mil[a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP wis 127,841,908 million o pesos in 2008,[7] amoont correspondin tae 9,987,649.06 millon o dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value o 3 Juin 2010).[8]

In 1869, Benito Juárez creatit the State o Hidalgo. He appointit the ceety o Pachuca as caipital o the state an addit the name "de Soto" tae it for the kennin o Manuel Fernando Soto, wha is considered the maist important drivin force in creatin the state.[9] The state wis namit efter Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the initiator o the Mexican War o Unthirldom.

It is locatit in Eastren Mexico.[10] Hidalgo haes mairches bi San Luis Potosí an Veracruz norlins, Puebla eastlins, Tlaxcala an México soothlins an Querétaro wastlins.[11]

The state haes a nummer o relatively intact native culturs like the Otomi. There twa notable immigrant culturs an aw, thaim that is the descendents o Cornish miners in the 19t hunneryear[12] an a sma Jewish enclave that claims tae be descendit frae Sephardi Jews that came tae New Spain in the 16t hunneryear.[13]

The state contains a nummer o ecotourism, cultural an aircheological attractions includin the Huasteca aurie, the ruins o Tula, naitural het watter springs, auld haciendas an muntain ranges.

References eedit

  1. "Creación del Estado de Hidalgo, por inseguridad" (in Spanish). Archived frae the original on 7 Januar 2019. Retrieved 11 Mey 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "Senadores por Hidalgo LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2010.
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Hidalgo". Camara de Diputados. Archived frae the original on 20 Julie 2018. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2010.
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Archived frae the original on 13 Mey 2013. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Archived frae the original on 23 Julie 2011. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  6. "Mexico en Cifras". INEGI. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  7. "Hidalgo". 2010. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2011.
  8. "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Archived frae the original on 8 Juin 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  9. "El Bicentenario será festejado con una biografía de Pachuca". Milenio Hidalgo. 7 December 2009. Archived frae the original on 29 Juin 2012. Retrieved 21 Mey 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  10. "S&P Rates State of Hidalgo, Mexico 'mxA-". PR Newswure. New York. 14 December 2000. p. 1.
  11. "Información Geográfica Hidalgo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Archived frae the original on 23 Julie 2011. Retrieved 22 Julie 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  12. Seijas, Susana. "Hidalgo's British bounty Inside Mexico". Archived frae the original on 27 Apryle 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named mystery

Bibliography eedit

  • Jimenez Gonzalez, Victor Manuel, ed. (2010). Hidalgo: Guía para descubrir los encantos del estado (in Spanish). Mexico City: Editorial Océano de Mexico SA de CV. ISBN 978-607-400-319-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)

External links eedit