Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo-Costilla y Gallaga Mandarte Villaseñor[3] (8 Mey 1753 – 30 Julie 1811), mair commonly kent as Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla or simply Miguel Hidalgo, wis a Mexican priest an a leader o the Mexican War o Unthirldom.

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Generalísimo o the Mexican Airmy
Born8 Mey 1753
Pénjamo, Guanajuato, Viceroyalty o New Spain (nou Mexico)[1][2]
Dee'd30 Julie 1811(1811-07-30) (aged 58)
Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Viceroyalty o New Spain (nou Mexico)
Buried atEl Ángel de la Independencia
Mexico Ceety
Service/branchRevolutionary Airmy
Years o service1809–1811
Commands heldMexican Revolutionary Airmy
Battles/warsMexican War o Unthirldom

As a priest, Miguel Hidalgo wis assigned tae a kirk in Dolores, Mexico. Efter his arrival, he wis shockit bi the poverty he foond. He tree'd tae help the poor bi showin them hou tae grow olives an grapes, but in Mexico it wis discouragit tae grow those crops because o Spainyie imports o the items[4]. In 1810 he gave the famous speech, "The Cry o Dolores". As he then mairched athort Mexico, he gathered an airmy o nearly 90,000 poor fermers an Mexican ceevilians in his rebellion against Spainyie rule. They attackit an killed Spainyie sodgers in sma groups alang the wey. But Hidalgo's airmy lackit trainin an wis poorly airmit. Eventually, Hidalgo's airmy ran intae a clan o 6,000 Spainyie truips which wur well trained an airmit. Hintle o Hidalgo's airmy fled or wis killed. Hidalgo hissel wis later executit bi a firin squad on 30 Julie 1811.


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  3. "Videoteca Educativa de las Américas. Enciclovela - Miguel Hidalgo" (in Spanish). Archived frae the original on 22 Julie 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. (Mexico: From Independence to Revolution, 1810-1910 edited by W. Dirk Raat page 21)

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