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Nicaragua (pronounced /ˌnɪkəˈrɑːɡwə/ (deprecatit template) nik-ə-RAH-gwə) offeecially the Republic o Nicaragua (Spaingie: República de Nicaragua, pronoonced: [reˈpuβlika ðe nikaˈɾaɣwa] ( listen)), is a representative democratic republic. It is the lairgest kintra in Central Americae wi an aurie o 130,373 km2. The kintra is bordered bi Honduras tae the north an Costa Rica tae the sooth. The Pacific Ocean lies tae the wast o the kintra, the Caribbean Sea tae the east. The kintra's Caribbean coast is pairt o the Wastren Caribbean Zone. Fawin athin the tropics, Nicaragua sits atween 11 degrees an 14 degrees north o the Equator in the Northren Hemisphere. Nicaragua's abundance o biologically significant an unique ecoseestems contribute tae Mesoamericae's designation as a biodiversity hotspot. The caipital ceety o Nicaragua is Managua. Roughly ane quarter o the naition's population lives in the Nicaraguan caipital, makin it the third lairgest ceety an metropolitan aurie in Central Americae.

Republic o Nicaragua
República de Nicaragua (Spaingie)
Motto: En Dios confiamos  (Spaingie)
"In God We Trust" [1]
Anthem: Salve a ti, Nicaragua (Spaingie)
Hail tae Thee, Nicaragua
Location o Nicaragua
and largest city
Escudo de Managua.svg Managua
12°9′N 86°16′W / 12.150°N 86.267°W / 12.150; -86.267
Offeecial leids Spaingie
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
Demonym Nicaraguan
Govrenment Unitar presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Daniel Ortega (FSLN)
Rosario Murillo
Denis Moncada[3]
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
Unthirldom frae Spain, Mexico an the Federal Republic o Central Americae
• Declared
15 September 1821
• Recognised
25 Julie 1850
• frae the First Mexican Empire
1 Julie 1823
31 Mey 1838
• Revolution
19 Julie 1979
• Current constitution
9 Januar 1987[4]
• Total
130,375 km2 (50,338 sq mi) (97t)
• Water (%)
• 2012 census
• Density
51/km2 (132.1/sq mi) (155t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$35.835 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$13.748 billion[6]
• Per capita
Gini (2009) 45.7[7]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.645[8]
medium · 125th
Currency Córdoba (NIO)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +505
ISO 3166 code NI
Internet TLD .ni


  1. As shawn on the Córdoba (bank notes an cunyies); see, for ensaumple, Banco Central de Nicaragua Archived 2010-09-24 at the Wayback Machine..
  2. "Nicaragua Demographics Profile 2011". Nicaragua. Index Mundi. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-16. 
  3. JDM, teleSUR- (2017-01-17). "Denis Moncada es el nuevo canciller de Nicaragua - Noticias". teleSUR (in Spaingie). Retrieved 2017-06-12. 
  4. "Nicaragua". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  5. "Población Total, estimada al 30 de Junio del año 2012" (PDF) (in Spanish). National Nicaraguan Institute of Development Information. pp. 1–5. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Nicaragua". International Monetary Fund. 
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2013-07-18. 
  8. United Nations Development Programme (2015). "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). New York: United Nations. Retrieved December 15, 2015.