Costa Rica (pronounced /ˌkoʊstə ˈriːkə/ (deprecatit template)), offeecially the Republic o Costa Rica (Spaingie: Costa Rica or República de Costa Rica, pronoonced: [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈkosta ˈrika]) is a kintra in Central Americae, bordered bi Nicaragua tae the north, Panama tae the soothaest, the Paceefic Ocean tae the wast an sooth an the Caribbean Sea tae the east.

Republic o Costa Rica

República de Costa Rica
Anthem"Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera" (Spaingie)
"Noble mitherland, your bonnie flag"
Location o Costa Rica
Location o Costa Rica
CaipitalSan José
9°56′N 84°5′W / 9.933°N 84.083°W / 9.933; -84.083
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsSpaingie
Recognised regional leids
Ethnic groups
Roman Catholicism
GovrenmentUnitar presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Luis Guillermo Solís
Helio Fallas Venegas
Ana Helena Chacón Echeverría
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
Unthirldom declared
• frae Spain
15 September 1821
1 Julie 1823
• Recognisit bi Spain
10 Mey 1850
• Constitution
7 November 1949[2]
• Total
51,100 km2 (19,700 sq mi) (128t)
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
• Density
84[3]/km2 (217.6/sq mi) (107t)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
$74.324 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Tot
$52.800 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2009)40.7[5]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.766[6]
heich · 69th
CurrencyCosta Rican colón (CRC)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+506
ISO 3166 codeCR
Territorial organization

Costa Rica, which means "Rich Coast", constitutionally abolisht its airmy permanently in 1949 sicweys becomin militarily neutral. It is the anerlie Laitin American kintra includit in the leet o the warld’s 22 aulder democracies. Costa Rica haes consistently been amang the tap Latin American kintras in terms o the Human Development Index, an rankit 69t in the warld in 2011. The kintra is rankit 5t in the warld, an 1st amang the Americaes, in terms o the 2012 Environmental Performance Index.


  1. "Censo Nacional 2011". Archived frae the original on 27 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 17 Februar 2016.
  2. Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Costa Rica". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 7 Januar 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  3. a b El Financiero (20 Mairch 2013). "Costa Rica tiene 4,6 millones de habitantes, según corrección del Censo 2011" (in Spanish). El Financiero, Costa Rica. Retrieved 23 Mey 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. a b c d "Costa Rica". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  6. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.