Italy (Italian: Italia), offeecially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a kintra in the sooth o Europe. It comprises a buit-shapit, peninsula an twa muckle islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily an Sardinia, an shares it's northren alpine mairch wi Monaco, Fraunce, Swisserland, Austrick an Slovenie. The independent kintras o San Marino an the Vatican Ceety is enclaves inouth the Italian Region.

Italian Republic

Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)
AnthemIl Canto degli Italiani  (Italian)
"The Sang o the Italians"
Location o  Italy  (dark green) – on the European continent  (light green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Italy  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Offeecial leidsItaliana
GovrenmentUnitary pairlamentary
constitutional republic
• Preses
Sergio Mattarella
Giorgia Meloni
Chamber o Deputies
17 March 1861
• Republic
2 June 1946
• Foondit the EEC (nou the European Union)
1 Januar 1958
• Total
301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) (72nt)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
Decrease 60,359,546[1] (23rd)
• 2011 census
Increase 59,433,744[2]
• Density
201.3/km2 (521.4/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.442 trillion[3] (12t)
• Per capita
Increase $40,206[3] (33rd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
Decrease $2.026 trillion[3] (8t)
• Per capita
Decrease $33,353[3] (25t)
Gini (2018)positive decrease 33.4[4]
HDI (2017)Increase 0.880[5]
verra heich · 28t
CurrencyEuro ()b
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+ (CEST0332778852)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code39c0708958929
ISO 3166 codeIT
Internet TLD.itd
  1. French is co-offeecial in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-offeecial in the province o Trieste an the province o Gorizia; German an Ladin are co-offeecial in Sooth Tyrol.
  2. Afore 2002, the Italian Lira. The euro is acceptit in Campione d'Italia, but the offeecial siller thare is the Swiss Franc.[6]
  3. Tae caw Campione d'Italia, it is necessary tae uise the Swiss code +41.
  4. The .eu domain is an aa uised, as it is shared wi ither European Union member states.
Territorial Organization

Italy uised ti be tribelaunds, suin bein ringed bi the Latin tribe an foondin the Roman Empire. Efter the faw o Roum, the Italian peninsula brak apairt intae mony fechtin independent kintras. In modren times, Italy comprises o maist o the Italian peninsula, Sicily, an Sardinie.

The Italian Republic is made o 20 regions, five bein autonomous.


  1. "National demographic estimate, December 2018". ISTAT. Archived frae the original on 3 Julie 2019. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  2. "La popolazione legale del 15° Censimento della popolazione". (in Italian). 19 December 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  3. a b c d "Italy". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 15 Mey 2019.
  4. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey". Eurostat. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  5. "2018 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2018. Archived frae the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  6. "Comune di Campione d'Italia". 14 Julie 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.