Coordinates: 13°N 122°E / 13°N 122°E / 13; 122

The Philippines (Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs]), offeecially kent as the Republic o the Philippines (Filipino:Republika ng Pilipinas), is a kintra in Sootheast Asie in the wastren Paceefic Ocean. Tae its north athort the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. Wast athort the Sooth Cheenae Sea sits Vietnam. The Sulu Sea tae the soothwast lies atween the kintra an the island o Borneo, an tae the sooth the Celebes Sea separates it frae ither islands o Indonesie. It is boondit on the east bi the Philippine Sea. Its location on the Paceefic Ring o Fire an its tropical climate mak the Philippines prone tae yirdquaks an typhoons but hae an aa endoued the kintra wi naitural resoorces an made it ane o the richest auries o biodiversity in the warld. An archipelago comprisin 7,641[18] islands, the Philippines is categerisit broadly intae three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, an Mindanao. Its caipital ceety is Manila.

Republic o the Philippines

Republika ng Pilipinas (Filipino)[a]
"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa"[1]
"For God, Fowk, Naitur, an Kintra"
AnthemLupang Hinirang
Chuisen Laund
Great Seal
Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas  (Filipino)
Great Seal o the Philippines
Location o the Philippines
14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967
Lairgest ceetyQuezon Ceety
14°38′N 121°02′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033
Offeecial leids
Recognised regional leids
Naitional leidFilipino
Optional leidb
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Filipino (masculine or neutral)
Filipina (feminine)

Pinoy (colloquial masculine)
Pinay (colloquial feminine)

Philippine (Scots)
GovrenmentUnitar presidential constitutional republic
• President
Rodrigo Duterte
Leni Robredo
Tito Sotto
Lord Allan Velasco
Diosdado Peralta
Hoose o Representatives
Formation o the republic 
Juin 12, 1898
• Treaty o Paris (1898) / Spaingie Cessionc
December 10, 1898
Januar 21, 1899
Mairch 24, 1934
Mey 14, 1935
July 4, 1946
February 2, 1987
• Tot
343,448[5] km2 (132,606 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.61[6] (inland waters)
• Laund
• 2015 census
100,981,437[7] (12t)
• Density
294/km2 (761.5/sq mi) (37t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$873.966 billion[8] (29t)
• Per capita
$8,223[8] (118t)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$348.593 billion[8] (36t)
• Per capita
$3,280[8] (104t)
Gini (2012)43.0[9]
medium · 44t
HDI (2015)Increase 0.682[10]
medium · 116th
CurrencyPiso (Filipino: [ˈpiso]) (₱) (PHP)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+8 (not observed)
Date format
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • dd-mm-yyyy (AD)
Drivin sidericht[11]
Cawin code+63
ISO 3166 codePH
  1. ^ While Manila proper is designatit as the naition's caipital, the hale o Naitional Caipital Region (NCR) is designatit as seat o govrenment, hence the name o a region. This is acause it haes mony naitional govrenment institutions aside frae Malacanang Palace an some augencies/institutions that are locatit within the caipital ceety.[12]
  2. ^ The 1987 Philippine constitution specifees "Spaingie an Arabic shall be promotit on a voluntary an optional basis."[13]
  3. ^ Filipino revolutionaries declared unthirldom frae Spain on Juin 12, 1898, but Spain cedit the islands tae the Unitit States for $20 million in the Treaty o Paris on December 10, 1898 that eventually led tae the Philippine–American War.
  4. ^ The Unitit States o Americae recognisit the unthirldom o the Philippines on Julie 4, 1946, throu the Treaty o Manila.[14] This date was chosen because it corresponds to the U.S. Independence Day, which was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until May 12, 1962, when President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, shifting it to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo's proclamation.[15]
  5. ^ In accordance wi airticle 11 o the Revolutionar Govrenment Decree o Juin 23, 1898, the Malolos Congress selectit a commission tae draw up a draft constitution on September 17, 1898. The commission wis componit o Hipólito Magsalin, Basilio Teodoro, José Albert, Joaquín González, Gregorio Araneta, Pablo Ocampo, Aguedo Velarde, Higinio Benitez, Tomás del Rosario, José Alejandrino, Alberto Barretto, José Ma. de la Viña, José Luna, Antonio Luna, Mariano Abella, Juan Manday, Felipe Calderón, Arsenio Cruz an Felipe Buencamino.[16] Thay war all walthie an weel-eddicatit.[17]
Territorial Organization


  1. In the recognisit regional leids o the Philippines:
    In the recognisit optional leids o the Philippines:
    • Spaingie: República de Filipinas
    • Arabic: جمهورية الفلبين‎, romanised: Jumhuriat al-Falabin


  1. "Republic act no. 8491". Republic of the Philippines. Archived frae the original on 8 Mairch 2014. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. DepEd adds 7 languages to mother tongue-based education for Kinder to Grade 3. GMA News. Julie 13, 2013.
  3. Philippine Statistics Authority 2014, pp. 29–34.
  4. "Table 1.10; Household Population by Religious Affiliation and by Sex; 2010" (PDF). 2015 Philippine Statistical Yearbook. East Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority: 1–30. October 2015. ISSN 0118-1564. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  5. a b "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 1 Juin 2019. Retrieved 24 December 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. "East & Southeast Asia :: Philippines". The World Factbook. Washington, D.C.: Author: Central Intelligence Agency. 28 October 2009. Archived frae the original on 19 Julie 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2009. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population - Philippine Statistics Authority". Archived frae the original on 2 Februar 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  8. a b c d "Philippines". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. October 2016.
  9. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  10. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  11. Lucas, Brian (August 2005). "Which side of the road do they drive on?". Retrieved 22 Februar 2009.
  12. "Presidential Decree No. 940, s. 1976". Manila: Malacanang. Archived frae the original on 29 Mey 1976. Retrieved 4 Apryle 2015. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  13. Joselito Guianan Chan; Managing Partner. "1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, Article XIV, Section 7". Chan Robles & Associates Law Firm. Archived frae the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 4 Mey 2013.
  14. Treaty of General Relations Between the United States of America and the Republic of the Philippines. Signed at Manila, on 4 July 1946 (PDF), United Nations, archived frae the original (PDF) on 23 Julie 2011, retrieved 10 December 2007
  15. "Republic of the Philippines Independence Day". United States State Department. Archived frae the original on 15 September 2015. Retrieved 30 Julie 2015. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  16. Calderón, Felipe (1907). Mis memorias sobre la revolución filipina: Segunda etapa, (1898 á 1901). Manila: Imp. de El Renacimiento. pp. 234, 235, appendix, pp. 5–10.
  17. Dolan, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress (1983). Ronald E. (ed.). Philippines, a country study (4th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8444-0748-8.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  18. "More islands, more fun in PH" (in Inglis). 20 Februar 2016. Archived frae the original on 7 October 2018. Retrieved 20 Juin 2018.

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