Taiwan, cried Formosa (frae Portuguese: Ilha Formosa, "Bonnie Island") an aa, is an island situatit in East Asie in the Wastren Paceefic Ocean an locatit off the sootheastren coast o Mainland Cheenae. It haes comprysit maist (99%) o the territory o the Republic o Cheenae (ROC) syne the 1950s. The term "Taiwan" haes also become a commonly uised alternative name baith domestically an internaitionally tae refer tae the entire kintra o Republic o Cheenae efter the ROC lost internaitional diplomatic recognition as "China" in the 1970s.