kintra in Sooth Americae

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil, [bɾaˈziw]), offeecially the Federative Republic o Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, Aboot this soondlisten ), is the lairgest kintra in Sooth Americae. It is the warld's fift lairgest kintra, baith bi geographical aurie an bi population wi ower 210 million fowk. It is the anerlie Portuguese-speakin kintra in the Americas an the lairgest lusophone kintra in the warld.

Federative Republic o Brazil

  • "Ordem e Progresso" (Portuguese)
  • "Order an Progress"
Caipital Brasília
15°47′S 47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W / -15.783; -47.867
Lairgest ceety São Paulo
Offeecial leidsPortuguese[1]
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Jair Bolsonaro
Hamilton Mourão
Arthur Lira
Renan Calheiros
Gilmar Mendes
LegislaturNaitional Congress
Federal Senate
Chamber o Deputies
• Declared
7 September 1822
29 August 1825
• Republic
15 November 1889
5 October 1988
• Tot
8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi) (5t)
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
210,147,125[3] (5t)
• Density
25/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (200t)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$3.456 trillion[4] (8t)
• Per capita
$16,462[4] (80t)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
$1.847 trillion[4] (9t)
• Per capita
$8,797[4] (73rd)
Gini (2017)positive decrease 53.3[5]
heich · 10t
HDI (2017)Increase 0.759[6]
heich · 79t
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
Time zoneUTC−2 tae −5 (BRT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−2 tae −5 (BRST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+55
ISO 3166 codeBR

Bundit bi the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil haes a coastline o ower 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It is bordered on the north bi Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname an the French owerseas depairtment o French Guiana; on the northwast bi Colombie; on the wast bi Bolivie an Peru; on the soothwast bi Argentinae an Paraguay an on the sooth bi Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form pairt o Brazilian territory, sic as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saunt Peter an Paul Rocks, an Trindade an Martim Vaz. It haes borders wi aw ither Sooth American kintras apairt frae Ecuador an Chile.


  1. (in Inglis) "Demographics". Brazilian Government. 2011. Archived frae the original on 17 November 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  2. "Caracteristicas da População e dos Domicílios do Censo Demográfico 2010 — Cor ou raça" (PDF). Retrieved 7 Apryle 2012.
  3. Silva, Antonio Carlos Coutinho Gouvea da. "Projeções da População | Estatísticas | IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  4. a b c d "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  5. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  6. "2018 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.

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