kintra in Sooth Americae

Coordinates: 4°N 72°W / 4°N 72°W / 4; -72

Colombie, offeecially the Republic o Colombie (Spainish: República de Colombia, pronoonced [reˈpuβlika ðe koˈlombja]), is a kintra in north-wastren Sooth Americae. Colombie marches tae the east wi Venezuela an Brazil; tae the sooth wi Ecuador an Peru; tae the north wi the Caribbean Sea; tae the north wast wi Panama; an tae the wast wi the Paceefic Ocean. Colombie shares maritime marches wi Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua an Costa Rica an aw. Colombie is the 26t maistmuckle naition in the warld an the fowert maistmuckle in Sooth Americae (efter Brazil, Argentinae, an Peru), wi an area mair nor twa times that o Fraunce. It haes the 29t lairgest population in the warld an the seicont lairgest in Sooth Americae an aw, efter Brazil. Colombie haes the third maistmuckle Spainish-spikkin population in the warld efter Mexico an Spain.

Republic o Colombie

República de Colombia  (Spaingie)
Motto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spaingie)
"Freedom an Order"
Anthem¡Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible!  (Spaingie)
O unfadin glory!
Location o  Colombie  (dark green) in Sooth Americae  (grey)
Location o  Colombie  (dark green)

in Sooth Americae  (grey)

and largest city
4°35′N 74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Offeecial leidsSpaingiea
Recognised regional leids68 ethnic leids an dialects. Inglis is an aa offeecial in the airchipelago o San Andrés, Providencia an Santa Catalina.
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Iván Duque
Marta Lucía Ramírez
Ernesto Macías
José Luis Barceló
Chaumer o Representatives
Unthirldom frae Spain
• Declared
20 July 1810
• Recognised
7 August 1819
• Last unitarisation
4 Julie 1991
• Total
1,141,748 km2 (440,831 sq mi) (25t)
• Water (%)
8.8 (17t)
• Januar 2018 estimate
49,587,941[3] (29t)
• 2005 census
• Density
40.74/km2 (105.5/sq mi) (173rd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$747.024 billion[4] (31st)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Tot
$322.489 billion[4] (32nt)
• Per capita
Gini (2016)positive decrease 51.7[5]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.727[6]
heich · 95t
CurrencyPeso (COP)
Time zoneUTC−5b (COT)
Date formatdd−mm−yyyy (CE)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+57
ISO 3166 codeCO
  1. Awtho the Colombian Constitution specifees Spaingie (Castellano) as the offeecial leid in aw Colombie territory, ither leids spoken in the kintra bi ethnic groups – approximately 68 leids – ilk is an aa offeecial in its awn territory.[7] Inglis is an aa offeecial in the airchipelago o San Andrés, Providencia an Santa Catalina.[8]
  2. The offeecial Colombie time[9] is controlled an coordinatit bi the Naitional Institute o Metrology.[10]
Departaments o Colombie


  1. "visibilización estadística de los grupos étnicos" (PDF). Censo General 2005. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadistica (DANE). Retrieved 15 Juin 2013.
  2. Bushnell, David; Hudson, Rex A. (2010). The Society and Its Environment; Colombia: a country study (PDF). Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, Washington D.C. pp. 87, 92.
  3. a b "Animated clock". Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). Archived frae the original on 16 Januar 2018. Retrieved 15 Januar 2018.
  4. a b c d "World Economic Outlook Database: Colombia". International Monetary Fund. October 2017. Retrieved 15 Januar 2018.
  5. "socio-economic policies" (PDF). Retrieved 24 Mairch 2017.
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2017.
  7. Colombian Constitution of 1991 (Title I – Concerning Fundamental Principles – Article 10)
  8. "LEY 47 DE 1993" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 Februar 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  9. "The official Colombian time" (in Spanish). Archived frae the original on 9 Februar 2014. Retrieved 23 Februar 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  10. "Decreto 4175 de 2011, artículo 6, numeral 14" (in Spanish). Presidencia de la República de Colombia. Retrieved 14 Mairch 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)