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representative democratic republic in Sooth Americae

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔːr/ E-kwə-dawr), offeecially the Republic o Ecuador (Spaingie: República del Ecuador, Spaingie pronunciation: [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðoɾ]), leeterally "Republic o the equator"), is a representative democratic republic in Sooth Americae, maircht bi Colombie tae the north, Peru tae the east an sooth, an the Paceefic Ocean tae the wast. It is ane o anerlie twa kintras in Sooth Americae (thegither wi Chile) that disna hae a mairch wi Brazil. The kintra forby includes the Galápagos Islands in the Paceefic, aboot 965 kilometre (600 miles) wast o the mainland. Ecuador striddles the equator, fae whilk it taks its name, an haes a aurie o 256,371 square kilometres (98,985 mi²). Its caipital ceety is Quito an its lairgest ceety is Guayaquil. Ecuador is yin o the 17 megadiverse kintras in the warld, bi the Warld Conservation Monitoring Centre's wey o it.

Republic of Ecuador
República del Ecuador
  • "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spaingie)
  • "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Laitin)
  • "God, homeland an freedom"
Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spaingie)
Hail, Oh Homeland
Location o Ecuador
Caipital Quito
00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
Lairgest ceety Guayaquil
Offeecial leids Spaingie[1]
Recognised regional languages Kichwa (Quichua), Shuar & ithers "are in offeecial uise for indigenous fowks"[2]
Ethnic groups ([3])
Demonym Ecuadorian
Govrenment Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Lenín Moreno
Jorge Glas
Legislatur National Assembly
August 10, 1809
• frae Spain
Mey 24, 1822
• frae Gran Colombia
Mey 13, 1830
• Recognized
Februar 16, 1830
September 28, 2008
• Total
283,561[4] km2 (109,484 sq mi) (73rd)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
15,223,680[1] (65t)
• 2010 census
• Density
58.95/km2 (152.7/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
• Total
$153.239 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Tot
$84.53 billion [7] (64th)
• Per capita
Gini (2009) positive decrease 49[8]
HDI (2011) Increase 0.724[9]
heich · 89t
Currency Unitit States dollarb (USD)
Time zone UTC−5 / −6 (ECT / GALT)
Drivin side right
Cawin code +593
ISO 3166 code EC
Internet TLD .ec
  1. Includin Galápagos.
  2. Sucre till 2000, replaced bi the US$ an Ecuadorian centavo coins.


Historic Center of Quito, UNESCO World Heritage SiteEedit


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Ecuador". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  2. Constitución Política de la República del Ecuador.
  3. Población del país es joven y mestiza, dice censo del INEC. Data from the national census 2010 (2011-09-02)
  4. "Ecuador-Geography". CIA World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  5. Ecuadorian census held on November 28, 2010.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Ecuador". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  7. World Bank Data
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved March 2, 2011. 
  9. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.