representative democratic republic in Sooth Americae

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔːr/ E-kwə-dawr), offeecially the Republic o Ecuador (Spaingie: República del Ecuador, Spaingie pronunciation: [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðoɾ]), leeterally "Republic o the equator"), is a representative democratic republic in Sooth Americae, thit mairches bi Colombie tae the north, Peru tae the east an sooth, an the Paceefic Ocean tae the wast. It is ane o anerlie twa kintras in Sooth Americae (thegither wi Chile) that disna hae a mairch wi Brazil. The kintra forby includes the Galápagos Islands in the Paceefic, aboot 965 kilometre (600 mile) wast o the mainland. Ecuador striddles the equator, fae whilk it taks its name, an haes a aurie o 256,371 square kilometres (98,985 mi²). Its caipital ceety is Quito an its lairgest ceety is Guayaquil. Ecuador is yin o the 17 megadiverse kintras in the warld, bi the Warld Conservation Monitorin Centre's wey o it.

Republic of Ecuador

República del Ecuador
  • "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spaingie)
  • "God, homeland an freedom"
AnthemSalve, Oh Patria  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Hail, Oh Homeland
Location o Ecuador
00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
Lairgest ceetyGuayaquil
Offeecial leidsSpaingie[1]
Recognised regional leidsKichwa (Quichua), Shuar & ithers "are in offeecial uise for indigenous fowks"[2]
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Guillermo Lasso
Alfredo Borrero
LegislaturNational Assembly
August 10, 1809
• frae Spain
Mey 24, 1822
• frae Gran Colombia
Mey 13, 1830
• Recognized
Februar 16, 1830
September 28, 2008
• Total
283,561[4] km2 (109,484 sq mi) (73rd)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
15,223,680[1] (65t)
• 2010 census
• Density
58.95/km2 (152.7/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$153.239 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Tot
$84.53 billion [7] (64th)
• Per capita
Gini (2009)positive decrease 49[8]
HDI (2011)Increase 0.724[9]
heich · 89t
CurrencyUnitit States dollarb (USD)
Time zoneUTC−5 / −6 (ECT / GALT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+593
ISO 3166 codeEC
  1. Includin Galápagos.
  2. Sucre till 2000, replaced bi the US$ an Ecuadorian centavo coins.


Ecuador haes 24 provinces (Spaingie: provincias):

Province Caipital
1   Azuay Cuenca
2   Bolívar Guaranda
3   Cañar Azogues
4   Carchi Tulcán
5   Chimborazo Riobamba
6   Cotopaxi Latacunga
7   El Oro Machala
8   Esmeraldas Esmeraldas
9   Galápagos Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
10   Guayas Guayaquil
11   Imbabura Ibarra
12   Loja Loja
Province Caipital
13   Los Ríos Babahoyo
14   Manabí Portoviejo
15   Morona-Santiago Macas
16   Napo Tena
17   Orellana Puerto Francisco de Orellana
18   Pastaza Puyo
19   Pichincha Quito
20   Santa Elena Santa Elena
21   Santo Domingo Santo Domingo
22   Sucumbíos Nueva Loja
23   Tungurahua Ambato
24   Zamora-Chinchipe Zamora

Historic Center o Quito, UNESCO World Heritage SiteEedit


  1. a b "Ecuador". CIA World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 12 Juin 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  2. Constitución Política de la República del Ecuador.
  3. Población del país es joven y mestiza, dice censo del INEC. Data from the national census 2010 (2011-09-02)
  4. "Ecuador-Geography". CIA World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 12 Juin 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  5. Ecuadorian census held on November 28, 2010 Archived 2014-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. a b c "Ecuador". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2013.
  7. World Bank Data
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  9. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.