island sovereign state in the Caribbean Sea

Jamaica or Jamaicae (Jamaican Creole: Jumieka, [dʒʌˈmʲeːka]), is an island naition o the Greater Antilles, 234 kilometres (145 mi) in lenth an as muckle as 80 kilometres (50 mi) in width, an amoonts tae 10,990 square kilometres (4,243 sq mi). It is situatit in the Caribbean Sea, aboot 145 kilometres (90 mi) sooth o Cuba, an 191 kilometres (119 mi) wast o Hispaniola, the island harborin the naition-states Haiti an the Dominican Republic. Its indigenous Arawakan-speakin Taíno indwallers named the island Xaymaca, meanin the "Land o Wood an Water", or the "Land o Springs".[8]


Banner o Jamaica
Coat o airms o Jamaica
Coat o airms
Motto: "Out of Many, One People"
Location o Jamaica
17°59′N 76°48′W / 17.983°N 76.800°W / 17.983; -76.800
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsInglis
Naitional leidJamaican Patois (de facto)
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar pairlamentar representative democracy unner constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Charles III
Patrick Allen
Andrew Holness
Hoose o Representatives
• Grantit
6 August 1962
• Total
10,991 km2 (4,244 sq mi) (160th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
2,881,355[3] (139t)
• Density
268/km2 (694.1/sq mi) (49t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$26.446 billion[4] (2017)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$14.556 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2004)45.5[5]
medium · 84t[6]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.719[7]
heich · 99t
CurrencyJamaican dollar (JMD)
Time zoneUTC-5
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+1-876
+1-658 (Owerlay o 876; active in November 2018)
ISO 3166 codeJM
Internet TLD.jm
Territorial organization
Territorial organization 2

Ance a Spaingie possession kent as Santiago, in 1655 it became an Inglis, an later a Breetish, colony, kent as "Jamaica". It achievit fou unthirldom in 1962. Wi 2.8 million fowk, it is the third maist populous anglophone kintra in Americas, efter the Unitit States an Canadae. It remains a Commonweel realm wi King Charles III as heid o state an Kingston is the kintra's lairgest ceety an the caipital.[9][10]

Gallarie eedit

References eedit

  1. The CIA World Factbook – Jamaica Archived 2018-12-24 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  2. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. Archived frae the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  3. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. a b c d "Jamaica". International Monetary Fund. 2016. Retrieved 1 Apryle 2016.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  6. "Country Comparison: Distribution 0f Family Income – Gini Index". World Factbook. CIA. Archived frae the original on 4 Juin 2011. Retrieved 8 Februar 2016.
  7. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  8. "Taíno Dictionary" (in Spanish). The United Confederation of Taíno People. Archived frae the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2007.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  9. "Jamaica country profile". BBC News. 26 Mey 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  10. "Jamaica - Largest Cities". GeoNames. Retrieved 11 October 2010.