Bhumibol Adulyadej o Thailand, Keeng Rama IX, currently the langest servin heid o state

A heid o state is the heichest-rankin poseetion in a sovereign state an is vestit wi pouers tae act as the chief public representative o that state.[note 1][1]


  1. "Heichest rankin constitutional poseetion" disna necessarily mean the state office that regularly exercises the maist pouer or haulds the maist influence on govrenance.



  • Watts, Sir Arthur (2010). "Heads of State". In Wolfrum, Rüdiger (ed.). Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford International Public Law. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2015-10-05.