Coordinates: 60°N 95°W / 60°N 95°W / 60; -95

Canadae is a kintra in North Americae, ane o the northmaist in the warld, an the mucklest kintra bi area efter Roushie. It mairches the Unitit States an its watters eiks northart intil the Arctic Ocean tae the Nor' Powl.


Banner o Canadae
Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
"Frae Sea tae Sea"
Projection o North Americae wi Canadae in green
45°24′N 75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667
Lairgest ceetyToronto
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentFederal pairlamentar
constitutional monarchy[4]
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Mary Simon
Justin Trudeau
Hoose o Commons
1 Julie 1867
11 December 1931
17 Apryle 1982
• Tot aurie
9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nt)
• Water (%)
• Tot laund aurie
9,093,507 km2 (3,511,023 sq mi)
• Q2 2019 estimate
37,602,103[5] (38t)
• 2016 census
• Density
3.92/km2 (10.2/sq mi) (228t)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.930 trillion[7] (15t)
• Per capita
$51,546[7] (20t)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
$1.820 trillion[7] (10t)
• Per capita
$48,601[7] (15t)
Gini (2015)negative increase 31.8[8]
HDI (2017)Increase 0.926[9]
verra heich · 12t
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zoneUTC−3.5 to −8
• Summer (DST)
UTC−2.5 to −7
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd (AD)[10]
Mains electricity120 V–60 Hz
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+1
ISO 3166 codeCA

Canadae is a federation o ten provinces an three territories. It wis first shapit bi the British North Americae Act o 1867 an cried the "Dominion o Canadae". It is a pairlamentary representative democracy an is a constitutional monarchy wi Queen Elizabeth II as the heid o state.

Canadae's offícial leids is Inglis an French. The French is spak feckly in Quebec (or Québec in French). Its offeicial estimate o indwallers for 2013 is 35,158,300.[11]

Provinces an territoriesEedit

A geopolitical map o Canadae, exhibitin its ten provinces an three territories

Canadae is a federation makit wi ten provinces an three territories;


Provinces hae mair autonomy nor territories. Ilkane hae its ain provincial o territorial symbols.

The provinces are responsible fur maist o Canadae's social programs (sic as halth care, eddication, an welfar) an thegether collect mair revenue than the federal govrenment, an awmaist lanerly structur amang federations in the Yird. Uisin its spendin powers, the federal govrenment can stairt naitional policies in provincial airts, sic as the Canada Health Act; the provinces can opt thaimsels oot o thir but thay aften dinnae dae in practice. Equal pey are duin bi the federal govrenment tae mak siccar thit raisonable uniform standaurts o services an taxation are kept atween the richer and puirer provinces.


  1. Canadae's de facto ryal anthem is "God Save the Queen", that is whiles played or sang thegither wi the naitional anthem, "O Canada", at preevat an public events. Addeetionally, its first three lines are an aw included within the "Viceregal Salute", that is accordit tae the govrenor general an provincial lieutenant govrenors. Houiver, it haes niver been adoptit as an offeecial seembol o the kintra.[1]


  1. Kallmann, Helmut. "National and Royal Anthems". Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. Historica Canada. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. "2016 Census of Population—Ethnic Origin". Statistics Canada, Catalog no. 98-400-X2016187. 25 October 2017. Archived frae the original on 26 October 2017.
  3. "2011 National Household Survey". Statistics Canada. 8 Mey 2013. Archived frae the original on 15 Mey 2013.
  4. Dowding, Keith; Dumont, Patrick (2014). The Selection of Ministers around the World. Taylor & Francis. p. 395. ISBN 978-1-317-63444-7.
  5. Statistics Canada (20 Juin 2018). "Population estimates quarterly". Retrieved 20 Juin 2018.
  6. Statistics Canada (8 Februar 2017). "Population size and growth in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census". Archived frae the original on 10 Februar 2017. Retrieved 8 Februar 2017.
  7. a b c d "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018, Canada". International Monetary Fund. October 2018. Archived frae the original on 21 Februar 2019. Retrieved 21 Februar 2019.
  8. OECD Economic Surveys: Canada 2018. OECD Economic Surveys: Canada. OECD Publishing. 2018. p. 10. doi:10.1787/eco_surveys-can-2018-en. ISBN 978-92-64-30073-6. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  9. "2017 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  10. The Govrenment o Canadae an Staundarts Cooncil o Canadae prescribe ISO 8601 as the kintra's offeecial aw-numeric date format: Translation Bureau, Public Works and Government Services Canada (1997). "5.14: Dates". The Canadian style: A guide to writing and editing (Rev. ed.). Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-55002-276-6. The dd/mm/yy an mm/dd/yy formats an aw remeen in common uise; see Date an time notation in Canadae.
  11. "Canada's total population estimates, 2013". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 17 November 2013.