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Newfundland an Labrador /ˈnjuːfʊnlænd ænd ˈlæbrədɔːr/,[5] local pronunciation[6] /nfənˈlæn/ is the eastmaist province o Canadae. Situatit in the kintra's Atlantic region, it incorporates the island o Newfundland an mainland Labrador (locatit Northwast o the island) wi a combined aurie o 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi). As o 2011, the province's population is 514,536.[1] Approximately 94 percent o the province's population resides on the Island of Newfoundland (includin its associatit smawer islands), o which ower hauf live on the Avalon Peninsulae. The province is Canadae's maist linguistically homogenous, an 97.6% o residents reportit Inglis as their mither tongue in the 2006 census[7], housomeivver this is the unique local dialect, Newfundland Inglis. Historically, Newfoundland wis hame tae unique varieties o French, an Erse an aw, as well as the Beothuk leid, aw nou extinct. In Labrador, local dialects o Innu-aimun an Inuktitut are spoken an aw.

Newfundland an Labrador
Banner o Newfundland an Labrador
Coat o airms o Newfundland an Labrador
Coat o airms
Motto(s): Quaerite prime regnum Dei
Inglis: Seek ye first the kingdom of God (Matthew 6:33)
Confederation 31 Mairch 1949 (12t)
Capital St. John's
Lairgest ceety St. John's
Lairgest metro St. John's CMA
 • Teep Constitutional monarchy
 • Lieutenant-Govrenor Frank Fagan
 • Premier Tom Marshall (PC)
Legislatur Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly
Federal representation (in Canadian Pairlament)
Hoose seats 7 o 338 (2.1%)
Senate seats 6 o 105 (5.7%)
 • Total 405,212 km2 (156,453 sq mi)
 • Laund 373,872 km2 (144,353 sq mi)
 • Watter 31,340 km2 (12,100 sq mi)  7.7%
Aurie rank Rankit 10t
  4.1% o Canadae
Population (2011)
 • Tot 514,536 (2,011)[1]
 • Rank Rankit 9t
 • Density 1.38/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Newfundlander, Labradorian (see notes),[2]
Offeecial leids Inglis (de facto)
 • Rank 9t
 • Tot (2008) C$31,277 million[3]
 • Per capita C$61,670[4] (4t)
Time zone UTC−3.5 for Newfoundland
UTC−4 for Labrador (Black Tickle an North)
Postal abbr. NL (formerly NF)
Postal code prefix A
ISO 3166 code CA-NL
  Pitcher plant
Picea mariana.jpg
  Black Spruce
Puffin (2).jpg
  Atlantic Puffin
Rankins include aw provinces an territories


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  2. Although the term "Newfie" is sometimes used in casual speech, it is considered a pejorative by some Newfundlanders.
  3. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  4. "Study: Resource boom in Saskatchewan and Newfundland and Labrador". Statistics Canada. May 15, 2008. Retrieved August 29, 2011.