Nunavut /ˈnnəˌvʊt/ (frae Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᕗᑦ [ˈnunavut], literally "oor laund") is the lairgest, northmaist, an newest territory o Canadae; it wis separatit offeecially frae the Northwast Territories on 1 Aprile 1999, via the Nunavut Act[8] an the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act,[9] though the actual boondaries haed been established in 1993. The creation o Nunavut resultit in the first major chynge tae Canadae's poleetical map syne the incorporation o the new province o Newfoundland in 1949.


Banner o Nunavut
Coat o airms o Nunavut
Coat o airms
ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ᓴᙱᓂᕗᑦ
(Nunavut Sannginivut)
(Inuktitut: "Oor laund, oor strangth")
Map o Canadae wi Nunavut heichlichtit
Map o Canadae wi Nunavut heichlichtit
Confederation1 Apryle 1999 (13t)
Lairgest ceetyIqaluit
Lairgest metroIqaluit
 • CommissionerEdna Elias
 • PremierEva Aariak (consensus govrenment)
LegislaturLegislative Assembly of Nunavut
Federal representation(in Canadian Pairlament)
Hoose seats1 o 338 (0.3%)
Senate seats1 o 105 (1%)
 • Total2,038,722 km2 (787,155 sq mi)
 • Land1,877,787 km2 (725,018 sq mi)
 • Water160,935 km2 (62,137 sq mi)  7.9%
Aurie rankRankit 1st
 20.4% o Canadae
 • Tot35,944 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2017 Q4)
38,243 [2]
 • RankRankit 12t
 • Density0.02/km2 (0.05/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Nunavummiut, Nunavummiuq (sing.)[3]
Offeecial leidsInuit leid (Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun), Inglis, French[4]
 • Rank13t
 • Tot (2006)C$1.213 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$39,383 (8t)
Time zoneUTC-5, UTC-6, UTC-7
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefixX
ISO 3166 codeCA-NU
FlouerPurple Saxifrage[6]
BirdRock Ptarmigan[7]
Rankins include aw provinces an territories


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  2. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  3. Nunavummiut, the plural demonym for residents o Nunavut, appears ootthrou the Govrenment o Nunavut wabsteid, proceedins o the Nunavut legislatur, an ensewhaur. Nunavut Housing Corporation, Discussion Paper Released to Engage Nunavummiut on Development of Suicide Prevention Strategy. Alan Rayburn, previous heid o the Canadian Permanent Committee of Geographical Names, opined that: "Nunavut is still too young to have acquired [a gentilé], awtho Nunavutan may be an obvious choice." In Naming Canada: stories about Canadian place names 2001. (2nd ed. ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (ISBN 0-8020-8293-9); p. 50.
  4. "Consolidation of (S.Nu. 2008,c.10) (NIF) Official Languages Act] and [ Consolidation of Inuit Language Protection Act" (PDF). External link in |title= (help)
  5. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. November 4, 2010. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
  6. "The Official Flower of Nunavut: Purple Saxifrage". Legislative Assembly of Nunavut. 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  7. "The Official Bird of Nunavut: The Rock Ptarmigan". Legislative Assembly of Nunavut. 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  8. Justice Canada (1993). "Nunavut Act". Retrieved April 26, 2007.
  9. Justice Canada (1993). "Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act". Retrieved April 26, 2007.