Nunavut /ˈnnəˌvʊt/ (frae Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᕗᑦ [ˈnunavut], literally "oor laund") is the lairgest, northmaist, an newest territory o Canadae; it wis separatit offeecially frae the Northwast Territories on 1 Aprile 1999, via the Nunavut Act[8] an the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act,[9] though the actual boondaries haed been established in 1993. The creation o Nunavut resultit in the first major chynge tae Canadae's poleetical map syne the incorporation o the new province o Newfoundland in 1949.


ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ᓴᙱᓂᕗᑦ
(Nunavut Sannginivut)
(Inuktitut: "Oor laund, oor strangth")
Map o Canadae wi Nunavut heichlichtit
Map o Canadae wi Nunavut heichlichtit
Confederation1 Apryle 1999 (13t)
Lairgest ceetyIqaluit
Lairgest metroIqaluit
 • CommissionerEva Aariak
 • PremierJoe Savikataaq (consensus govrenment)
LegislaturLegislative Assembly of Nunavut
Federal representation(in Canadian Pairlament)
Hoose seats1 o 338 (0.3%)
Senate seats1 o 105 (1%)
 • Total2038722 km2 (787,155 sq mi)
 • Laund1877787 km2 (725,018 sq mi)
 • Water160935 km2 (62,137 sq mi)  7.9%
Area rankRankit 1st
 20.4% o Canadae
 • Total35,944 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2017 Q4)
38,243 [2]
 • RankRankit 12t
 • Density0.02/km2 (0.05/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Nunavummiut, Nunavummiuq (sing.)[3]
Offeecial leidsInuit leid (Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun), Inglis, French[4]
 • Rank13t
 • Tot (2006)C$1.213 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$39,383 (8t)
Time zoneUTC-5, UTC-6, UTC-7
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefixX
ISO 3166 codeCA-NU
FlouerPurple Saxifrage[6]
BirdRock Ptarmigan[7]
Rankins include aw provinces an territories


  1. a b "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 8 Februar 2017.
  2. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. 26 September 2014. Archived frae the original on 19 Juin 2016. Retrieved 20 Mairch 2016.
  3. Nunavummiut, the plural demonym for residents o Nunavut, appears ootthrou the Govrenment o Nunavut wabsteid Archived 2010-10-19 at the Wayback Machine, proceedins o the Nunavut legislatur, an ensewhaur. Nunavut Housing Corporation Archived 2022-10-14 at the Wayback Machine, Discussion Paper Released to Engage Nunavummiut on Development of Suicide Prevention Strategy. Alan Rayburn, previous heid o the Canadian Permanent Committee of Geographical Names, opined that: "Nunavut is still too young to have acquired [a gentilé], awtho Nunavutan may be an obvious choice." In Naming Canada: stories about Canadian place names 2001. (2nd ed. ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (ISBN 0-8020-8293-9); p. 50.
  4. "Consolidation of (S.Nu. 2008,c.10) (NIF) Official Languages Act] and [ Consolidation of Inuit Language Protection Act" (PDF). freemit airtin in |title= (help)
  5. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. 4 November 2010. Archived frae the original on 20 Apryle 2008. Retrieved 16 Februar 2011.
  6. "The Official Flower of Nunavut: Purple Saxifrage". Legislative Assembly of Nunavut. 2011. Retrieved 31 Julie 2011.
  7. "The Official Bird of Nunavut: The Rock Ptarmigan". Legislative Assembly of Nunavut. 2011. Archived frae the original on 8 Mey 2014. Retrieved 31 Julie 2011.
  8. Justice Canada (1993). "Nunavut Act". Retrieved 26 Apryle 2007.
  9. Justice Canada (1993). "Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act". Archived frae the original on 5 Juin 2011. Retrieved 26 Apryle 2007.