Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard, pronounced [il dy pʁɛ̃s edwaːʁ], Mi'kmaq: Epekwitk, Scots Gaelic: Eilean_Eòin) is a Canadian province consistin o an island o the same name, as well as ither islands. The maritime province is the smawest in the naition in baith land aurie an population. The island haes a few ither names: "Garden o the Guwf" referrin tae the pastoral scenery an lush agricultural lands throughoot the province; an "Birthplace o Confederation", referrin tae the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did no join the confederation till 1873, when it became the seivent Canadian province.

Prince Edward Island

Île-du-Prince-Édouard (in French)
Laitin: Parva sub ingenti
(The sma protectit bi the great)
Map o Canadae wi Prince Edward Island heichlichtit
Map o Canadae wi Prince Edward Island heichlichtit
Confederation1 Julie 1873 (8t)
Lairgest ceetyCharlottetown
Lairgest metroCharlottetown
 • Lieutenant GovrenorAntoinette Perry
 • PremierDennis King (PC)
LegislaturLegislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Federal representation(in Canadian Pairlament)
Hoose seats4 o 338 (1.2%)
Senate seats4 o 105 (3.8%)
 • Total5660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Laund5660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
Area rankRankit 13t
 0.1% o Canadae
 • Total140,204 [2]
 • RankRankit 10t
 • Density24.77/km2 (64.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Prince Edward Islander, Islander
Offeecial leidsInglis (de facto)
 • Rank10t
 • Tot (2009)C$4.75 billion[3]
 • Per capitaC$31,278 (13t)
Time zoneUTC-4
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefixC
ISO 3166 codeCA-PE
FlouerPink Lady's Slipper
TreeRed Oak
BirdBlue Jay
Rankins include aw provinces an territories

Accordin tae the 2011 census, the province o Prince Edward Island haes 140,204 residents. It is locatit approximately 200 km north o Halifax, Nova Scotia an 600 km east o Quebec Ceety. It consists of the main island plus 231 minor islands.[4] Altogether, the entire province has a land area of 5,685.73 km2 (2,195.27 sq mi).[2]

The main island is 5,620 km2 (2,170 sq mi) in size,[4] an is the 104t-lairgest island in the warld, an Canadae's 23rd-lairgest island.



The island wis namit for Prince Edward, Duke o Kent an Strathearn (1767–1820), the fowert son o Keeng George III an the faither o Queen Victoria.


  1. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. 1 Februar 2005. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  2. a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". 8 Februar 2012. Archived frae the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 8 Februar 2012.
  3. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". 4 November 2010. Archived frae the original on 20 Apryle 2008. Retrieved 23 Februar 2011.
  4. a b Natural Resources Canada (August 2009). "The Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Archived frae the original on 22 Januar 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2012.