French Guiana

French depairtment

French Guiana (French: Guyane française; French pronunciation: ​[ɡɥijan fʁɑ̃sɛz]; officially just Guyane) is an owerseas region o Fraunce, consistin o a single owerseas depairtment locatit on the northren Atlantic coast o Sooth Americae. It haes borders wi twa naitions: Brazil tae the east an sooth, an Suriname tae the wast. Its 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi) hae a vera law population densitie o less than 3/km2 (7.8/sq mi), wi amaist hauf o its 229,000 fowk in 2009 livin in the urban aurie o Cayenne, its caipital.

French Guiana

Guyane  (French)
Banner o French Guiana
French Guiana in France 2016.svg
Kintra Fraunce
DepartmentsGuyane depairtment
 • PresessRodolphe Alexandre (UMP, region)
Alain Tien-Liong (MDES, department)
 • Total83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2009)
 • Tot217,000
 • Density2.6/km2 (6.7/sq mi)
Demonym(s)French Guianese
Time zoneUTC-03 (GFT)
ISO 3166 codeGF
GDP (2008)[1]Rankit {{{GDP_rank}}}
Tot€3.2 billion (US${{{GDP_US$}}} bn)
Per capita€14,204 (US $20,904) (US${{{GDP_per_capita_US$}}})
NUTS RegionFR9
WabsteidPrefecture, region, depairtment

The addition o the adjective "French" in Inglis comes frae colonial times when five such colonies existit (The Guianas), namely frae wast tae east: Spanish Guiana (nou Guayana Region in Venezuela), Breetish Guiana (nou Guyana), Dutch Guiana (nou Suriname), French Guiana, an Portuguese Guiana (nou Amapá, a state in far northren Brazil). French Guiana an the twa lairger kintras tae the north an wast, Guyana an Suriname, are still aften collectively referred tae as the Guianas an comprise ane lairge shield landmass.

A lairge pairt o the depairtment's economy derives frae the presence o the Guiana Space Centre, nou the European Space Agency's primary launch steid near the equator.


  1. "Rapport annuel 2009 IEDOM Guyane" (PDF). IEDOM. Retrieved 12 August 2010.