Washington, D.C.

caipital ceety o the Unitit States o Americae

Washington, D.C. (pronounced /ˈwɒʃɪŋtən ˌdiːˈsiː/ (deprecatit template)), formally the Destrict o Columbie an commonly referred tae as Washington, the Destrict, or simply D.C., is the caipital o the Unitit States, foondit on Julie 16, 1790. Article Ane o the Unitit States Constitution provides for a federal destrict, clear frae the states, tae serve as the permanent naitional caipital. The Ceety o Washington wis oreeginally a separate municipality wi'in the federal territory till an act o Congress in 1871 establisht a single, unifeed municipal govrenment for the hale Destrict. It is for this raison that the ceety, while legally namit the Destrict o Columbie, is kent as Washington, D.C. Namit in honour o George Washington, the ceety skares its name wi the U.S. state o Washington locatit on the kintra's Paceefic coast.

Washington, D.C.
Destrict o Columbia
Tap left: Healy Haw at Georgetoun Varsity; tap richt: U.S. Capitol; mids: Washington Monument; bottom left: Frederick Douglass Naitional Historic Site; bottom richt: African American Ceevil War Memorial
Banner o Washington, D.C.
Official seal of Washington, D.C.
Justitia Omnibus  (Juistice for Aw)
Location o Washington, D.C., in the Unitit States an in relation tae the states o Maryland an Virginie.
Location o Washington, D.C., in the Unitit States an in relation tae the states o Maryland an Virginie.
Coordinates: 38°53′42.4″N 77°02′12.0″W / 38.895111°N 77.036667°W / 38.895111; -77.036667Coordinates: 38°53′42.4″N 77°02′12.0″W / 38.895111°N 77.036667°W / 38.895111; -77.036667
KintraUnitit States
Federal destrictDestrict o Columbie
Appruivit16 Julie 1790
Grantit limitit sel-govrenment1973
Named forGeorge Washington
 • MayorMuriel Bowser (D)
 • D.C. CouncilPhil Mendelson (D), Convener
 • Federal destrict177.0 km2 (68.3 sq mi)
 • Laund159.0 km2 (61.4 sq mi)
 • Water18.0 km2 (6.9 sq mi)
0–125 m (0–409 ft)
 (2015 estimate)[1][2]
 • Federal destrict672,228
 • Rank22nt, U.S. as o 2014 incorporatit places estimate
 • Density4,251/km2 (11,011/sq mi)
 • Metro
6,033,737 (7t U.S.)
 • CSA
9546579 (4t U.S.)
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
20001-20098, 20201-20599
Area code(s)202

The Destrict is locatit on the north bank o the Potomac River an is surroondit bi the states o Virginia tae the soothwast an Maryland tae the ither sides. The ceety haes a resident population o 599,657; acause o commuters frae the surroondin suburbs, its population rises tae ower ane million durin the wirkweek. The Washington Metropolitan Aurie, o whilk the Destrict is a pairt, haes a population o 5.4 million, the aicht-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the kintra.

The centres o aw three brainches o the federal govrenment o the Unitit States are locatit in the Destrict, as are mony o the naition's moniments an museums. Washington, D.C. is hame tae 174 foreign embassies as weel as the heidquarters o the Warld Bank, the Internaitional Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organisation o American States (OAS), the Inter-American Development Bank, an the Pan American Healt Organisation (PAHO). The heidquarters o ither institutions sic as tred unions, lobbyin groups, an perfaisional associes are locatit in the Destrict forby.

Washington, D.C., is govrenit bi a mayor an a 13-memmer ceety cooncil. Housomiver, the Unitit States Congress haes supreme authority ower the ceety an mey owerturn local laws. Residents o the Destrict tharefore hae less sel-govrenance than residents o the states. The Destrict haes a nane-votin, at-muckle Congressional delegate, but nae senators. D.C. residents coud no vote in presidential elections till the ratification o the Twintie-third Amendment tae the Unitit States Constitution in 1961.

Sister ceeties


Washington, D.C. haes ten offeecial sister ceety greements.[3] Paris is a "Pairtner Ceety" due tae the ane Sister Ceety policy o that commune.[4]

Ceety Kintra Year
Bangkok   Thailand 1962, renewed 2002
Dakar   Senegal 1980, renewed 2006
Beijing   Cheenae 1984, renewed 2004
Brussels   Belgium 1985, renewed 2002
Athens   Greece 2000
Paris   Fraunce 2000, renewed 2005
Pretoria   Sooth Africae 2002, renewed 2008
Seoul   Sooth Korea 2006
Accra   Ghana 2006
Sunderland   Unitit Kinrick 2006
Roum   Italy 2011
Ankara   Turkey 2011


  1. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  2. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States -- Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". United States Census Bureau. 2015. Archived frae the original on 21 Mey 2015. Retrieved 12 Januar 2016.
  3. "Protocol and International Affairs". DC Office of the Secretary. Archived frae the original on 13 Mey 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2008.
  4. "Twinning with Rome". Ville de Paris. Archived frae the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 21 Februar 2010.

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