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Maryland (Listeni/ˈmɛrlənd/)[7] is a U.S. state locatit in the Mid Atlantic region o the Unitit States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, an the District of Columbia tae its sooth an wast; Pennsylvania tae its north; an Delaware tae its east. Maryland wis the seivent state tae ratify the Unitit States Constitution, an three nicknames for it (the Auld Line State, the Free State, an the Chesapeake Bay State) are occasionally uised. Maryland is the 9t smawest state bi aurie, but the 19t maist populous an the 5t maist densely populatit o the 50 Unitit States. The state's maist populatit ceety is Baltimore. Its caipital is Annapolis. It wis namit efter Queen Henrietta Maria.

State of Maryland
Banner o Maryland State seal o Maryland
Banner o Maryland Seal
Nickname(s): Auld Line State; Free State; Little Americae;[1]
America in Miniature[2]
Motto(s): Fatti maschii, parole femine
(Manly deeds, wummanly wirds)
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Maryland heichlichtit
Offeecial leid Nane
Demonym Marylander
Caipital Annapolis
Lairgest ceety Baltimore
Lairgest metro Baltimore-Washington Metro Aurie
Aurie Ranked 42nt
 • Tot 12,407 sq mi
(32,133 km2)
 • Width 101 miles (163 km)
 • Lenth 249 miles (400 km)
 • % watter 21
 • Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N
 • Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29′ W
Population Ranked 19t
 • Tot 6,016,447 (2016 est)[3]
 • Density 596/sq mi  (230/km2)
Ranked 5t
 • Median hoosehauld income $73,594[4] (1st)
 • Heichest pynt Hoye-Crest[5][6]
3,360 ft (1024 m)
 • Mean 350 ft  (110 m)
 • Lawest pynt Atlantic Ocean[5]
sea level
Admission to Union 18 Aprile 1788 (7t)
Govrenor Martin O'Malley (D)
Lieutenant Governor Anthony G. Brown (D)
Legislatur General Assembly
 • Upper hoose Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Delegates
U.S. Senators Barbara Mikulski (D)
Ben Cardin (D)
U.S. Hoose delegation 6 Democrats, 2 Republican (leet)
Time zone Eastren: UTC-5/-4
ISO 3166 US-MD
Abbreviations MD,

Ane o the oreeginal Thirteen Colonies, Maryland is conseedert the birthplace o releegious freedom in Americae.[8] The state wis foondit bi George Calvert, a trustit furrin meenister an personal friend o Keeng James I. Whan Calvert convertit tae Catholicism in 1625 it meant his disqualification frae haudin public office, but his friendship wi Keeng James remeened.[9] Calvert haed haed an early interest in the admeenistration o colonial affairs an peteetioned James for a chairter tae provide a releegious haven for Catholics persecutit in Ingland as weel as tae extend the territories o the Inglis Empire.[10] Consequently, in 1632 James’ son, Charles, grantit Calvert a chairter tae settle launds in Americae held bi the Croun, tae wit: tae "transport ... a numerous Colony o the Inglis Naition" tae settle thare.[11] Unlik the Pilgrims an Puritans, that begoud enforcin conformity wi thair beliefs as suin as thay settled in Americae, Calvert enveesioned a colony whaur fowk o different releegious sects wad coexeest unner the principle o toleration.[10] Some historians believe that Calvert's aspiration taewart sic a society mey hae been inspired bi the warks o Thomas More, maist notably the beuk Utopia.[10] Accordinly, in 1649 the Maryland General Assemmly passed an Act Concernin Releegion, that enshrined the principle o toleration bi penalisin onyane that "reproached" a fellae Marylander as a "heritick, Scismatick, Idolator, puritan, Independant, Prespiterian popish prest, Jesuite, Jesuited papist, Lutheran, Calvenist, Anabaptist, Brownist, Antinomian, Barrowist, Roundhead [or] Separatist."[12]

Saxteen o Maryland's twenty three cointies mairch on the tidal watters o the Chesapeake Bay estuary an its mony tributaries, that combined tot mair than 4,000 miles o the shoreline. The population is approximately sax million residents. As o 2015, Maryland haed the heichest median hoosehauld income o ony state, awin in lairge pairt tae its close proximity tae the naition's caipital an a heichly diversified economy spannin manufacturin, services, an biotechnology.[13]


  1. "Maryland's quality of life ranks high compared to other states". The Daily Record (Baltimore). December 11, 2004. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  2. "Maryland Facts". Maryland Office of Tourism. Retrieved June 2, 2009. 
  3.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  6. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  7. For thae that distinguish them, Maryland is pronooncit as in merry /ˈmɛri/, na as in the name Mary /ˈmɛəri/. (Random House Dictionary)
  8. "George Calvert and Cecilius Calvert, Barons Baltimore" William Hand Browne, Nabu Press (August 1, 2010), ISBN 117662539X ISBN 978-1176625396
  9. 1940-, Krugler, John D., (2004). English and Catholic : the Lords Baltimore in the seventeenth century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0801879639. OCLC 53967315. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Andrews, Matthew Page (1929). History of Maryland: Province and State. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc. pp. 3–5. 
  11. "The Charter of Maryland : 1632". 1998-12-18. Retrieved 2018-05-02. 
  12. "Avalon Project - Maryland Toleration Act; September 21, 1649". Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  13. "State Median Household Income Patterns: 1990–2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 

Relatit informationEedit


Precedit bi
Leet o U.S. states bi date o statehuid
Ratifee'd Constitution on 28 Aprile 1788 (7th)
Succeedit bi
Sooth Carolina