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Pennsylvanie is a state in the Unitit States o Americae. It is bund bi sax states (New Jersey an Delaware tae the east, New York tae the north, Maryland an Wast Virginie tae the sooth, an Ohio tae the wast) an bi Canadae at Loch Erie.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Banner o Pennsylvanie State seal o Pennsylvanie
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Keystone State;[1] Quaker State
Motto(s): Virtue, Liberty and Independence
State sang(s): "Pennsylvania"
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Pennsylvanie heichlichtit
Offeecial leid Nane (Inglis, de facto)
Spoken leids Inglis 90.1%
Spainyie 4.1%
Ither 5.8%[2]
Demonym Pennsylvanian
Caipital Harrisburg
Lairgest ceety Philadelphia
Lairgest metro Delaware Valley
Aurie Ranked 33rd
 • Tot 46,055 sq mi
(119,283 km2)
 • Width 280 miles (455 km)
 • Lenth 160 miles (255 km)
 • % watter 2.7
 • Latitude 39° 43′ to 42° 16′ N
 • Longitude 74° 41′ to 80° 31′ W
Population Ranked 5t
 • Tot 12,802,503 (2015 est)[3]
 • Density 284/sq mi  (110/km2)
Ranked 9t
 • Median hoosehauld income $60,389[4] (26t)
 • Heichest pynt Mount Davis[5][6]
3,213 ft (979 m)
 • Mean 1,100 ft  (340 m)
 • Lawest pynt Delaware River at Delaware border[5]
sea level
Afore statehuid Province of Pennsylvania
Admission to Union 12 Dizember 1787 (2nt)
Govrenor Tom Wolf (D)
Lieutenant Governor Mike Stack (D)
Legislatur General Assembly
 • Upper hoose State Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
U.S. Senators Bob Casey, Jr. (D)
Pat Toomey (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation 13 Republicans, 5 Democrats (leet)
Time zone Eastren: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166 US-PA
Abbreviations PA, Pa. or Penna.
Pennsylvania state seembols
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Seal of Pennsylvania.svg
Ainimal an Plant insignia
Bird(s) Ruffed grouse
Dug breed Great Dane
Fish Brook trout
Flouer(s) Mountain laurel
Insect Firefly
Mammal(s) White-tailed deer
Tree Eastern hemlock
Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Polka
Fossil Trilobite
Sile Hazleton
Sang(s) "Pennsylvania"
Route merker(s)
Pennsylvania Route Merker
State Quarter
Quarter of Pennsylvania
Released in 1999
Leets o Unitit States state seembols

The state is ane o the 13 oreeginal foondin states o the Unitit States; it cam intae bein in 1681 as a result o a ryal laund grant tae William Penn, the son o the state's namesak. Pairt o Pennsylvanie (alang the Delaware River), thegither wi the present State o Delaware, haed earlier been organised as the Colony o New Swaden. It wis the seicont state tae ratifee the Unitit States Constitution, on 12 December 1787. Independence Hall, whaur the Unitit States Declaration o Unthirldom an Unitit States Constitution war drauchtit, is locatit in the state's lairgest ceety o Philadelphia. In the American Ceevil War, the Battle o Gettysburg wis focht in the sooth central region o the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia wis General Washington's heidquarters in the bitter winter o 1777–78.


  1. "Symbols of Pennsylvania". Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  2. "Most spoken languages in Pennsylvania in 2010". MLA Data Center. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  3. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 (NST-EST2015-01)". 2015 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 23, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  6. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.

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