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Ohio is a state in the Unitit States o Americae. The caipital is Columbus.

State o Ohio
Banner o Ohio State seal o Ohio
Banner Seal
Nickname(s): The Buckeye State;
Birthplace o Aviation; The Hert o It Aw
Motto(s): Wi God, aw things are possible
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Ohio heichlichtit
Offeecial leid De jure: None
De facto: Inglis
Spoken leids Inglis 93.3%
Spaingie 2.2%
Ither 4.5%[1]
Demonym Ohioan; Buckeye[2] (colloq.)
Caipital Columbus[3][4]
Lairgest ceety capital
Lairgest metro Cleveland
(see fitnote[5])
Aurie Ranked 34t
 • Tot 44,825 sq mi
(116,096 km2)
 • Width 220 miles (355 km)
 • Lenth 220 miles (355 km)
 • % watter 8.7
 • Latitude 38° 24′ N to 41° 59′ N
 • Longitude 80° 31′ W to 84° 49′ W
Population Ranked 7t
 • Tot 11,613,423 (2015 est)[6]
 • Density 282/sq mi  (109/km2)
Ranked 10t
 • Median hoosehauld income $53,301 [7] (32nt)
 • Heichest pynt Campbell Hill[8][9]
1,549 ft (472 m)
 • Mean 850 ft  (260 m)
 • Lawest pynt Ohio River at Indiana border[8][9]
455 ft (139 m)
Admission to Union Mairch 1, 1803[10] (17t,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953[11])
Govrenor John Kasich[12] (R)[13]
Lieutenant Governor Mary Taylor[14] (R)[15]
Legislatur General Assembly
 • Upper hoose Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
U.S. Senators Sherrod Brown[16] (D)[16]
Rob Portman (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation 12 Republicans, 4 Democrats (leet)
Time zone Eastren: UTC -5/-4
ISO 3166 US-OH
Abbreviations OH[17],

The state taks its name frae the Ohio River, that's name in turn oreeginatit frae the Seneca wird ohiːyo', meanin "guid river", "great river" or "lairge creek".[18][19][20] Pairteetioned frae the Northwast Territory, Ohio wis the 17t state admittit tae the Union on 1 Mairch 1803, an the first unner the Northwast Ordinance.[10][21] Ohio is historically kent as the "Buckeye State" efter its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are an aw kent as "Buckeyes".[2]

The govrenment o Ohio is componed o the executive brainch, led bi the Govrenor; the legislative brainch, that comprises the bicameral Ohio General Assemmly; an the judicial brainch, led bi the state Supreme Coort. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the Unitit States Hoose o Representatives.[22] Ohio is kent for its status as baith a swing state[23] and a bellwether[23] in naitional elections. Sax Preses o the Unitit States hae been electit that haed Ohio as thair hame state.


  1. American FactFinder – Results
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Why is Ohio known as the Buckeye State and why are Ohioans known as Buckeyes?" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on April 28, 2008. Retrieved April 28, 2008. 
  3. "Ohio Quick Facts". Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved March 26, 2009. 
  4. "City of Columbus: Fun Facts". City of Columbus, Ohio. 2006. Retrieved March 26, 2009. 
  5. Accordin tae the U.S. Census July 2013 Annual Estimate, Greater Cleveland is the lairgest Metropolitan Stateestical Aurie (MSA) that is entirely within Ohio, wi a population o 2,064,725; an Greater Cincinnati is the lairgest MSA that is at least pairtially within Ohio, wi a population o 2,137,406, approximately 25% o which is in Indiana or Kentucky. Which MSA is the lairgest in Ohio depends on the context.
  6. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. December 23, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  7. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Mary Stockwell. Ohio Adventure. Gibbs Smith. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-4236-2382-3.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "MS" defined multiple times wi different content
  11. "Creation of the Board of Elections". Mahoning County Board of Elections. Archived frae the oreeginal on December 1, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  12. "The Governors of Ohio". Ohio Historical Society. January 8, 2007. Archived frae the oreeginal on June 5, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  13. Hershey, William (November 8, 2006). "Strickland becomes first Dem governor since '91". Middletown Journal. Archived frae the oreeginal on May 12, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  14. "About Lee". Office of the Governor. 2009. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  15. "Democrats Jennifer Brunner, Lee Fisher to run for U.S. Senate". Associated Press. February 17, 2009. Retrieved March 27, 2009. [deid airtin]
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Sherrod Brown". Washington Post. Archived frae the oreeginal on December 25, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2009. 
  17. "Official USPS Abbreviations". United States Postal Service. 1998. Archived frae the oreeginal on March 28, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009. 
  18. "Quick Facts About the State of Ohio". Ohio History Central. Retrieved July 2, 2010. From Iroquois word meaning 'great river' 
  19. Mithun, Marianne (1999). "Borrowing". The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 311–3. ISBN 978-0-521-29875-9. Ohio ('large creek') 
  20. "Native Ohio". American Indian Studies. Ohio State University. Archived frae the oreeginal on February 2, 2007. Retrieved February 25, 2007. Ohio comes from the Seneca (Iroquoian) ohiiyo' 'good river' 
  21. William M. Davidson (1902). A History of the United States. Scott, Foresman and Company. p. 265. 
  22. Berg-Andersson, Richard E. (2000). "The Math Behind the 2000 Census Apportionment of Representatives". The Green Papers. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 Pollard, Kelvin (2008). "Swing, Bellwether, and Red and Blue States". Population Reference Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 

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