Ankara is the caipital o Turkey an the kintras's seicont mucklest city efter Istanbul. The city haes a mean elevation o 938 meters abuin sea level, wi varyin elevations frae 900 meters tae 1,300 meters abuin sea level.[3] As o 2008 the city haed 4,500,000 fowk. Ankara forby is the caipital o Ankara Province.

Ankara is located in Turkey
Location o Ankara
Coordinates: 39°52′N 32°52′E / 39.867°N 32.867°E / 39.867; 32.867
RegionCentral Anatolie
 • MayorMansur Yavaş [1] (CHP)
 • GovrenorVasip Şahin
 • City2516 km2 (971 sq mi)
938 m (3,077 ft)
 • Density1551/km2 (4,020/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)312
Licence plate06

As wi mony auncient cities, Ankara haes gane bi several names ower the ages. It haes been identified wi the Hittite cult center Ankuwaš,[4][5] awtho this is a matter o debate.[6] In classical antiquity an durin the medieval period, the city wis kent as Ánkyra (Ἄγκυρα, "anchor") in Greek an Ancyra in Latin; the Galatian Celtic name wis mebbe a seemilar variant. Follaein its annexation bi the Seljuk Turks in 1073, the city became kent in mony European leids as Angora, a uisage which continued till its offeecial renamin tae Ankara unner the Turkish Postal Service Law o 1930.[7]

Centrally locatit in Anatolie, Ankara is an important commercial an industrial city. It is the centre o the Turkish Govrenment, an hooses aw foreign embassies. It is an important crossroads o tred, strategically locatit at the centre o Turkey's heichway an railwey netwirks, an serves as the mercatin centre for the surroondin agricultural area. The city wis famous for its lang-haired Angora goat an its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed o cat (Angora cat), white rabbits an thair prized wool (Angora wool), peirs, honey, an the region's muscat grapes.

The historical centre o Ankara is situatit upon a rocky hill, which rises 150 m (492 ft) abuin the plain on the left bank o the Ankara Çayı, a tributary o the Sakarya (Sangarius) river. The city is locatit at 39°52'30" North, 32°52' East (39°52′30″N 32°50′00″E / 39.875°N 32.8333°E / 39.875; 32.8333Coordinates: 39°52′30″N 32°50′00″E / 39.875°N 32.8333°E / 39.875; 32.8333), aboot 351 km (218 mi) tae the sootheast o Istanbul, the kintra's mucklest city. Awtho situatit in ane o the driest places o Turkey an surroondit maistly bi steppe vegetation except for the forestit areas on the soothren periphery, Ankara can be considered a green city in terms o green areas per inhabitant, that is 72 m2 per heid.[8]

Ankara is a verra auld city wi various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, an Ottoman archaeological sites. The hill which owerleuks the city is crouned bi the ruins o the auld castle, which adds tae the picturesqueness o the view, but anly a few historic structures surroondin the auld citadel hae survived tae the present day. Thare are, housomeivver, mony finely preserved remains o Hellenistic, Roman an Byzantine architecture, the maist remarkable bein the Temple o Augustus an Roum (20 BC) which is cried the Monumentum Ancyranum an aa.[9]

Internaitional relations eedit

Twin touns — sister cities eedit

Ankara is twinned wi:[10] o Ankara are leetit belaw:


Gallery eedit

References eedit

Notes eedit

  1. Mayor Mansur Yavaş
  2. [1] Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine Address-based population report 2010.
  3. Ankara, Turkey: Latitude, Longitude and Altitude
  4. "Judy Turman: Early Christianity in Turkey". Archived frae the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 29 Juin 2010.
  5. "Saffet Emre Tonguç: Ankara (Hürriyet Seyahat)". Retrieved 29 Juin 2010.
  6. Gorny, Ronald L. "Zippalanda and Ankuwa: The Geography of Central Anatolia in the Second Millennium B.C." The Journal of the American Oriental Society. Vol. 117 (1997).
  7. Tore Kjeilen (3 September 2004). "Ankara". Archived frae the original on 13 Januar 2009. Retrieved 5 Mey 2009.
  8. "Municipality of Ankara: Green areas per head". Archived frae the original on 19 Julie 2011. Retrieved 29 Juin 2010.
  9. "LacusCurtius • Monumentum Ancyranum". Retrieved 5 Mey 2009.
  10. "Ankara Metropolitan Municipality: Sister Cities of Ankara". © 2007 Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi - Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Kullanım Koşulları & Gizlilik. Archived frae the original on 14 Januar 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  11. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Archived frae the original on 17 Januar 2010. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  12. daenet d.o.o. "Sarajevo Official Web Site : Sister cities". Archived frae the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 6 Mey 2009.
  13. "Tbilisi Municipal Portal - Sister Cities". © 2009 - Tbilisi City Hall. Archived frae the original on 24 Julie 2013. Retrieved 16 Juin 2009.
  14. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 10 October 2011. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.

Freemit airtins eedit