Open main menu

Ankara is the caipital o Turkey an the kintras's seicont lairgest ceety efter Istanbul. The ceety haes a mean elevation o 938 meters abuin sea level, wi varyin elevations frae 900 meters tae 1,300 meters abuin sea level.[2] As o 2008 the ceety haed a population o 4.500.000. Ankara an aa serves as the caipital o Ankara Province.

Ankara Views.jpg
Ankara is locatit in Turkey
Location o Ankara
Coordinates: 39°52′N 32°52′E / 39.867°N 32.867°E / 39.867; 32.867
Kintra Turkey
Region Central Anatolie
Province Ankara
 • Mayor Melih Gökçek (AKP)
 • Govrenor Alaaddin Yüksel
 • Ceety 2,516 km2 (971 sq mi)
Elevation 938 m (3,077 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Density 1,551/km2 (4,020/sq mi)
 • Metro 4,431,719
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 06xxx
Aurie code(s) 312
Licence plate 06

As wi mony auncient ceeties, Ankara haes gane bi several names ower the ages. It haes been identified wi the Hittite cult center Ankuwaš,[3][4] awtho this remains a matter o debate.[5] In classical antiquity an durin the medieval period, the ceety wis kent as Ánkyra (Ἄγκυρα, "anchor") in Greek an Ancyra in Latin; the Galatian Celtic name wis probably a seemilar variant. Follaein its annexation bi the Seljuk Turks in 1073, the ceety became kent in mony European leids as Angora, a uisage which continued till its offeecial renamin tae Ankara unnnr the Turkish Postal Service Law o 1930.[6]

Centrally locatit in Anatolie, Ankara is an important commercial an industrial ceety. It is the centre o the Turkish Govrenment, an hooses aw foreign embassies. It is an important crossroads o tred, strategically locatit at the centre o Turkey's heichway an railwey netwirks, an serves as the mercatin centre for the surroondin agricultural aurie. The ceety wis famous for its lang-haired Angora goat an its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed o cat (Angora cat), white rabbits an thair prized wool (Angora wool), peirs, honey, an the region's muscat grapes.

The historical centre o Ankara is situatit upon a rocky hill, which rises 150 m (492 ft) abuin the plain on the left bank o the Ankara Çayı, a tributary o the Sakarya (Sangarius) river. The ceety is locatit at 39°52'30" North, 32°52' East (39°52′30″N 32°50′00″E / 39.875°N 32.8333°E / 39.875; 32.8333Coordinates: 39°52′30″N 32°50′00″E / 39.875°N 32.8333°E / 39.875; 32.8333), aboot 351 km (218 mi) tae the sootheast o Istanbul, the kintra's lairgest ceety. Awtho situatit in ane o the driest places o Turkey an surroondit maistly bi steppe vegetation except for the forestit auries on the soothren periphery, Ankara can be considered a green ceety in terms o green auries per inhabitant, which is 72 m2 per heid.[7]

Ankara is a vera auld ceety wi various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, an Ottoman archaeological sites. The hill which owerleuks the ceety is crouned bi the ruins o the auld castle, which adds tae the picturesqueness o the view, but anly a few historic structures surroondin the auld citadel hae survived tae the present day. Thare are, housomeivver, mony finely preserved remains o Hellenistic, Roman an Byzantine architecture, the maist remarkable bein the Temple o Augustus an Roum (20 BC) which is an aa kent as the Monumentum Ancyranum.[8]

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — sister ceetiesEedit

Ankara is twinned wi:[9] o Ankara are leetit belaw:





  1. [1] Address-based population report 2010.
  2. Ankara, Turkey: Latitude, Longitude and Altitude
  3. "Judy Turman: Early Christianity in Turkey". Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  4. "Saffet Emre Tonguç: Ankara (Hürriyet Seyahat)". Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  5. Gorny, Ronald L. "Zippalanda and Ankuwa: The Geography of Central Anatolia in the Second Millennium B.C." The Journal of the American Oriental Society. Vol. 117 (1997).
  6. Tore Kjeilen (2004-09-03). "Ankara". Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  7. "Municipality of Ankara: Green areas per head". Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  8. "LacusCurtius • Monumentum Ancyranum". Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  9. "Ankara Metropolitan Municipality: Sister Cities of Ankara". © 2007 Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi - Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Kullanım Koşulları & Gizlilik. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  10. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  11. daenet d.o.o. "Sarajevo Official Web Site : Sister cities". Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  12. "Tbilisi Municipal Portal - Sister Cities". © 2009 - Tbilisi City Hall. Retrieved 2009-06-16. 
  13. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 

Freemit airtinsEedit