Havana (Spaingie: Aboot this soondLa Habana , IPA: [la aˈβana], offeecially Ciudad de La Habana,[2]) is the caipital ceety, major port, an leadin commercial centre o Cuba. The ceety is ane o the 14 Cuban provinces. The ceety/province haes 2.1 million indwallers, the lairgest ceety in Cuba an the seicont lairgest in the Caribbean region, efter Santo Domingo.[3] The ceety extends maistly wastward an soothward frae the bay, which is entered throu a nairae inlet an which divides intae three main harbours: Marimelena, Guanabacoa, an Atarés. The sluggish Almendares River traverses the ceety frae sooth tae north, enterin the Straits o Florida a few miles wast o the bay.

La Habana
Ceety o Columns
Havana is locatit in Cuba
Location in Cuba
Coordinates: 23°08′N 082°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383Coordinates: 23°08′N 082°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
ProvinceLa Habana
Ceety status1592
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • MayorMarta Hernández (PCC)
 • Total728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi)
59 m (194 ft)
(2009) Offeecial Census[1]
 • Total2,141,993
 • Density2932.3/km2 (7,595/sq mi)
Demonym(s)habanero (m), habanera (f)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code
Area code(s)(+53) 7
Patron SauntsSaunt Christopher
a Foondit on the present steid in 1519.

King Philip II o Spain grantit Havana the title o Ceety in 1592 an a ryal decree in 1634 recognised its importance bi offeecially designatin it the "Key tae the New Warld an Rampart o the Wast Indies".[4] Havana's coat o airms cairies this inscription. The Spaniards began biggin fortifications, an in 1553 thay transferred the governor's residence tae Havana frae Santiago de Cuba on the eastren end o the island, sicweys makin Havana the de facto caipital. The importance o harbour fortifications wis early recognised as Inglis, French, an Dutch sea marauders attacked the ceety in the 16t century.[5] The sinkin o the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor in 1898 wis the immediate cause o the Spaingie-American War.[6]

Present day Havana is the centre o the Cuban govrenment, an various meenistries an heidquarters o businesses are based thare.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — sister ceetiesEedit

Havana is twinned wi:



  1. "2009 Official Census" (PDF).
  2. (in Spaingie) "Ciudad (con mayúscula) de La Habana, así se llama la provincia donde se encuentra ubicada la capital de Cuba". Archived frae the original on 12 Februar 2007. Retrieved 10 Februar 2007. |first= missin |last= (help)
  3. (in Inglis) Latin America Population - Havana city population.
  4. (in Inglis) Capital city - capital of Spanish Cuba in 1552
  5. (in Inglis) Old Havana
  6. (in Inglis) Spanish-American War, Effects of the Press on Spanish-American Relations in 1898
  7. "Barcelona sister cities". W3.bcn.es. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  8. Beijing-International Sister Cities
  9. "Invitation for fraternization of Havana and Belgrade". Mfa.gov.rs. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  10. http://www.e-volutionperu.com. "Cusco Sister Cities". Municusco.gob.pe. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  11. City of Esfahan official website – Sister Cities[deid airtin]
  12. "Glasgow City Council – Twin cities of Glasgow". Glasgow.gov.uk. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  13. Erdem, Selim Efe (3 November 2003). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 26 Julie 2009. 49 sister cities in 2003CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  14. "Hermanamientos y Acuerdos". www.munimadrid.es. 2008. Retrieved 26 Julie 2009. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  15. "Sister Cities of Manila". © 2008-2009 City Government of Manila. Retrieved 2 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  16. Sister Cities International (2007). "Cuba Directory". Archived frae the original on 15 Januar 2008. Retrieved 7 Mey 2007.
  17. Oaxaca Sister Cities – Relación de la ciudades hermanadas con la ciudad de Oaxaca
  18. Granma – En La Habana vicealcalde de la ciudad de Rotterdam[deid airtin] La delegación visitante hará la entrega oficial de una donación de implementos deportivos, en momentos en que se celebra el aniversario 25 de las relaciones entre ambas urbes
  19. "Saint Petersburg in figures – International and Interregional Ties". Eng.gov.spb.ru. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  20. "Memoria Anual, Agosto 2002-Agosto 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  21. São Paulo's 40 Sister Cities
  22. http://web.archive.org/20090630135554/pcasevilla.wordpress.com/2008/10/15/nos-visito-el-poder-popular-de-ciudad-de-la-habana/
  23. "Tehran, Havana named sister cities". Payvand.com. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  24. New Monument to Tijuana's sister cities – Inaugura el alcalde Kurt Honold monumento dedicado a ciudades hermanas de Tijuana