Communist Pairty o Cuba
The Communist Pairty o Cuba[lower-alpha 1] is the ruling political pairty in the Republic o Cuba. It is a communist pairty of the Marxist–Leninist model. The Cuban consteetution ascribes the role of the pairty tae be the "leading force of society and of the state". Since April 2011, the First Secretar o the Central Committee haes been Raúl Castro, younger brother o the previous First Secretary Fidel Castro, who died on 25 November 2016. The Seicont Secretary haes been José Ramón Machado Ventura.
|First Secretary||Raúl Castro|
|Seicont Secretary||José Ramón Machado|
|Slogan||¡Hasta la victoria siempre!|
|Foondit||3 October 1965|
|Precedit bi||26th o Julie Movement|
Popular Socialist Pairty
|Youth weeng||Young Communist League|
|Pioneer weeng||José Martí Pioneer Organisation|
Socialism of the 21st century
|Internaitional affiliation||Internaitional Meeting o Communist an Wirkers' Pairties|
Foro de São Paulo
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Cuba haed a nummer of communist and anarchist organisations frae the early period of the Republic (foondit in 1902). The oreeginal "internaitionalised" Communist Pairty o Cuba formed in the 1920s. In 1944, it renamed itself as the Popular Socialist Pairty for electoral reasons. In Julie 1961, twa years efter the successful overthrow of Fulgencio Batista and the creaution of a revolutionary govrenment, the Integratit Revolutionary Organizations (ORI) wis formed frae the merger of:
- Fidel Castro's 26th o Julie Muivvement
- The Popular Socialist Pairty led by Blas Roca
- The student-based Revolutionary Directory led by Faure Chomón
On 26 Mairch 1962, the ORI became the Unitit Pairty o the Cuban Socialist Revolution (PURSC), which in turn became the Communist Pairty o Cuba on 3 October 1965. In Article 5 of the Cuban consteetution of 1976, the Communist Pairty is recognised as "the superior guiding force of society and of the State, that organises and orients common efforts toward the heich goals of the construction of socialism and the advancement toward communist society". All pairties, including the Communist Pairty, are prohibitit frae publicly advertising thair organisations.
For the first fifteen years of its formal existence, the Communist Pairty wis awmaist completely inactive ootside of the Politburo. The 100 person Central Committee rarely met and it wis ten years efter its foonding that the first regular pairty Congress wis held. In 1969, membership of the pairty wis only 55,000 or 0.7% of the population, making the PCC the smallest rulin communist pairty in the warld. In the 1970s, the pairty's apparatus began tae develop. By the time of the first pairty Congress in 1975, the pairty haed grown tae juist over twa hundred thoosand members, the Central Committee wis meeting regularly and providit the organisational apparatus giving the pairty the leading role in society that ruling Communist pairties generally hauld. By 1980, the pairty haed grown tae over 430,000 members and it grew further tae 520,000 by 1985. Apparatuses of the pairty haed grown tae ensure that its leading cadres were appointit tae key govrennment posertions.[citation needit]
- Spaingie: Partido Comunista de Cuba (PCC)
- "7th PCC Congress Central Report, presented by First Secretary Raúl Castro Ruz". en.cubadebate.cu. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "IPU PARLINE database: CUBA (Asamblea nacional del Poder popular), Last elections". ipu.org. Inter-Parliamentary Union. 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- Shasta Darlington (19 April 2011). "Raul Castro to lead Cuba's Communist Party". CNN. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Cuba: Constitución". pdba.georgetown.edu. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
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- Offeecial wabsteid (in Spaingie)